General Networking/Lan/Wan/Small Office Network (W7)


Hi there,
I have recently started a networking class and was wondering if you could help me out with a few questions. [Please note that I'm not asking for you to do the work for me, I just need some general help.]

"What version of Windows 7 should be used for a small office network?"  -I would say home premium but that can't create homegroups, so would that mean professional would be required to create small office networks?

"Identify the main network hardware and protocols to use."  I don't understand this question. I think hardware is referring to Ethernet cables and stuff (am I right?) but have no idea what it means 'protocols to use'.

Thanks so much for your help! :)

Hi Liam,

First for the version of Windows 7. There are many flavors; starter, home basic, home premium, professional, enterprise and ultimate. But the main thing to remember is that for a network with a server and in which you would be connected to a domain, you cannot use Home versions as they do not have this functionality. So Professional is always the best choice for a small office in my opinion. Unless of course the computer came with Ultimate already installed then no need to downgrade either.

Network hardware can be everything from cables RJ-45. switches, routers, NIC (Network Interface Cards). As for protocols you can sort of think about it as a "language" they talk in. There are many types of protocols such as TCP, UDP, HTTP, FTP and more. When we access the Internet for example, most use TCP/IPv4. When you use an FTP program like Filezilla, you are using the FTP Protocol. If you want a more in depth description you can google what is a network protocol, there are plenty of articles explaining it from a-z.

What I state here is very basic but if you want to know more about Windows 7 flavors and what they contain you can go to, it describes each version in depth.

I hope this answers your questions, if you need more clarification, simply post a follow up to this question.

Meanwhile I hope this helps and I wish you a great day!

General Networking/Lan/Wan

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John Teodoro


I have over 20 years of experience in computer troubleshooting, networking and repairs as well as electronics. I can answer questions concerning Windows Server 2003/2008/2008R2 and 2012. Hardware repair and upgrades as well as questions regarding Windows XP/7/8. I have also developed a speciality with Hyper-V the last year. If I don't know it, I will try my very best to find the answer.


I have worked both as a Technical Director and Information Technology Manager and I also operated a home-based computer consulting business for many years, which included the installation, update and security of computer systems and Windows servers. I have also drafted many IT Plans and consultation reports for specific recommendations.

My experience ranges from Project Planning to finding different networking solutions for companies. My work has demanded that I keep informed and this has always allowed me to be proactive by keeping up to date with technology; this involves researching and learning on a day to day basis, which I find to be fundamental.

I have also co-produced and edited a number of films so I can offer a vast knowledge on the subject.

Some of my credentials include:
Currently Studying for CISSP (2016)
Linux Security (2016)
SharePoint 2013 (2013)
Microsoft Canada Office 365 (2013)
ITIL 2011 Foundations Certification (2012)
Microsoft Small Business Server 2003 (2007)
Telephony repair and maintenance (2000) - Bell Canada
ISO 9000 Internal Auditor (1999) - SGS SCI Canada Inc.
Signature Service Consumer Relations (1999) - Wilson Learning Worldwide.
Certified Novell Administrator CNA (1998) Intranetware 4.11
Micro-Computer Technology, Troubleshooting and Networking (1998)
Electronics Troubleshooting and Repairs (1990-1991)
Office Systems Technology (1989-1990)
Owner of Cutthroat Pictures Co-Owner of Icebreaker Films

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