General Writing and Grammar Help/Figure of Speech Example.

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QUESTION: Dear Jannie

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Figure_of_speech

What could be the Figure of speech in the following sentence given below ?.

"My Close friend who is in the Business of Supplying Gym Equipment
had never been to Gymnasium himself for exercising"

Could the above sentence can have a figure of speech viz paradox, hyperbole, pun, climax, metaphor etc ?

Awaiting your reply,

Thanks & Regards,
Prashant S Akerkar

ANSWER: The English in that sentence is not proper and correct sentence structure and obviously said/written by a non-English speaker, as English IS NOT the first language.

To even state it properly, and punctuate it properly, it would be:

My close friend is in the business of gym equipment supply and has not exercised at a gym.

It is not a pun. a pun is (when a word or phrase is used in two(or more) different senses):

Example:

"The Nail River" (The Nile River) in certain accents:
Never take your raft down the nail river. It'll pop instantly.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pun

It is not a metaphor (stating one entity is another for the purpose of comparing them in quality):

Example:

All the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances; — William Shakespeare, As You Like It

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metaphor

It is not a climax (arrangement of words in order of increasing importance):

Example:

"The great Dalhousie, he, the god of war,
Lieutenant-colonel to the earl of Mar."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climax_(figure_of_speech)

It is not a hyperbole (exaggeration of a statement):

Example:

The bag weighed a ton.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperbole

It is not a paradox (use of apparently contradictory ideas to point out some underlying truth):

Example:

I can resist anything except temptation. - Oscar Wilde

Spies do not look like spies. -  G. K. Chesterton

Your statement: "My Close friend who is in the Business of Supplying Gym Equipment
had never been to Gymnasium himself for exercising"

...is simply a statement.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradox_(literature)





---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Dear Jannie

Thank you.

"My close friend is in the business of gym equipment supply to various gymnasiums and has not exercised at a gym."

Can the above sentence be considered as "Irony" figure of speech ?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irony
http://grammar.about.com/od/il/g/ironyterm.htm
http://www.englishlanguageterminology.org/irony.htm

Awaiting your reply,

Thanks & Regards,
Prashant S Akerkar

Answer
If anything, it would be considered "situational irony" which involves an incongruity between what is expected or intended and what actually occurs. ( http://grammar.about.com/od/il/g/ironyterm.htm )

Since he is a gym equipment salesperson, one would expect he has been to gyms and experienced using gym equipment and familiar with equipment first hand. But, since he has not, it might be considered "situational irony."  

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Jannie Balliett

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Any question relating to writing and grammar. I will repeat, questions only-- not discussions or editing. If you need editing, visit my editorial site; http://a1editorial.net. I do not help with homework nor English classes. This is much too involved and I will not "explain" English to non-English speakers. Please rate. If you do not rate, I will need to ban you from my expertise.

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I m a professional editor and published writer.

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Writers of America, Professional Editors Association, Brazos Writers Group, Sisters of Crime

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Many magazines

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Associate Degree in Business, majoring in education currently for BA 25 years as a writer and professional editor

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Shervin Hojat- "Tend Your Garden Within" and am mentioned in acknowledgements.

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