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General Writing and Grammar Help/If/whether to go - if/whether going

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Question
Dear Ted:

Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct?

1) I haven't decided if/whether TO GO to Spain or Portugal next summer.

2) I haven't decided if/whether GOING to Spain or Portugal next summer.

Again, many, many thanks for your kind help.

Paolo

Answer
Dear Paolo:

Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct?

1) I haven't decided if/whether TO GO to Spain or Portugal next summer.

2) I haven't decided if/whether GOING to Spain or Portugal next summer.

*** The second one is NOT a sentence.  You have a subject [I], a verb phrase [have (not) decided], and then a group of words that appear to use the gerund form [going] of the verb "to go."  The sentence is incomplete.

However, the first sentence is CORRECT.  The infinitive "to go" is used correctly.  And, the sentence makes sense.

Ted

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Ted Nesbitt

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I am the bibliographic instruction and reference librarian at a public college. Some members of the English department recommend me to their students. I offer assistance in grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, and paragraph development. My master`s thesis concerns William Faulkner`s tragic novels. I formerly taught advanced placement English at two schools in the Philadelphia area.

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I have been one of the highest-ranked volunteers in this category for more than a decade.

Education/Credentials
B. A. and M. A in English; MSIS in Library & Information Sciences; graduate study in philosophy

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