General Writing and Grammar Help/close verb-adjective.


Hi Martha,
I have some confusion with the word "close". As a verb, the word has the same meaning with "shut" or "end", so when i say : Her chance to go to study abroad is closed due to the result of the examination. It means that she can't go to study abroad. Is that right ?.
But as a adjective, the word "close" is synonymous to the word "near", so when i say : The chance to go to study abroad is close to her. It means that she is likely to take the chance. Is that right ?.
If my two above questions are right, it make me feel very difficult to listen exactly the meaning of the sentence. Therefore, i hope you can help me clarify the meaning of the word "close" as a verb and adjective.
Thank !

Ok!  Let's try again!

=Close= is one of those words that is pronounced in two different ways and thus has two different meanings.  Many languages have these same kinds of words!



=Close= pronounced with a =Z= is a verb.  As you have noted, it means "to shut."
The window of opportunity to study abroad has closed.


=Close= pronounced with an =S= is an adverb; sometimes it is an adjective.  With this pronunciation and in adverb form, it means "near-by," as you stated.  =Near-by= can be a physical location or it can be time.

She is standing close to me. [adverb of physical location]
The time of the train departure is close. [adverb of time]

She is a close relative. [adjective]
Note:  In this use, =close relative= means a relative such as mother/father, sister/brother, aunt/uncle, grandparent, child; it does not mean a relative such as the grandson of your father's cousin.


You are correct with the sentence using =close= as a verb.



When you write "the window is closed to her," that means her opportunity to study abroad does not exist now because of her grade on the examination.

=Close= in this sentence does not mean "chance."  


I hope I have answered your question.  If not, please write again!

General Writing and Grammar Help

All Answers

Answers by Expert:

Ask Experts


Martha Beth Lewis


I will answer questions having to do with grammar, plurals, punctuation, capitalization, mood, person, tense, and so on, as well as word usage and word choice. If you want a quick answer to a specific question, particularly if you wish to use formal American English for business or academic purposes (MLA), I can give you a timely response. I also can address word choice, clarity, structure, and similar concerns involving English as a second language. If you want advice of a deeper editorial nature (e.g., substantive [line] editing), please consult an Expert who offers this sort of assistance; I do not offer this sort of assistance.


I was employed as an editor for the graduate school at a major U.S. university and specialized in dissertations. I have over 200 publications in professional journals, consumer magazines, and newspapers. I am the author of five books and numerous syllabi in an arts field. I also am a freelance line editor, copy editor, and proofreader (over 40 years), and I have written or edited countless community organizations' newsletters and promotional materials.

Note: When using a word as a word in a sentence, such as: Put a period after the word dog, =dog= should be set in italics. Since I do not have access to italics here, I shall use = on either side of the word or phrase that properly should appear in italics. For the above example: Put a period after the word =dog=. Also, ~~please do not mark your questions as private~~. I will change them to public because I don't want to type the same answer twice! Thanks for your understanding.

If you submit a question to other Experts or the pool, I'd appreciate it if you would >>NOT<< submit it to me, also. It's like asking several people out on a date and choosing among those who said yes! This implies my time and particular expertise are worth nothing to you. I want to spend my time responding to those who find my qualifications germane to their question. Remember: I'm a volunteer!

Education B.A., summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa Ph.D.

Awards and Honors
I ask that you >>COME BACK TO READ MY RESPONSE<<. I've taken time to write the best response I can, so you should come back to read it! It's disheartening to respond to a question, only to see later that the person has not bothered to come back. Remember: I'm a volunteer!

Past/Present Clients
I am happy to help you - that's why I volunteered - but please remember I *am* a volunteer and extend me normal courtesies, such as no multiple submissions and not bothering to come back for your answer. mb

©2016 All rights reserved.