General Writing and Grammar Help/Up until now & so far

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Question
Dear Ted:

Do "up until now" and "so far" have the same meaning?

If not, when should I use each of them?

Would you please give me some examples?

Many, many thanks for your kind help.

Paolo

Answer
Dear Paolo:

Do "up until now" and "so far" have the same meaning?

*** NO, their meanings are slightly different.  "Up until now" suggests that something did not happen until the present time, which it actually did happen.  "So far" means that the "something" still hasn't happened.  
EXAMPLES:

UP UNTIL NOW, Ukraine has been a peaceful country.

UP UNTIL NOW, Putin has not used force in dealing with other sovereign nations.

SO FAR, the European Union has been very ineffective in dealing with Russia.

SO FAR, the American president has been "all talk" and "no action."

Ted

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Ted Nesbitt

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I am the bibliographic instruction and reference librarian at a public college. Some members of the English department recommend me to their students. I offer assistance in grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, and paragraph development. My master`s thesis concerns William Faulkner`s tragic novels. I formerly taught advanced placement English at two schools in the Philadelphia area.

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I have been one of the highest-ranked volunteers in this category for more than a decade.

Education/Credentials
B. A. and M. A in English; MSIS in Library & Information Sciences; graduate study in philosophy

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