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Question
Dear Ted:

NOTE: PLEASE TAKE YOUR TIME TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION.

Today, I came across the following exercise. Would you please help me understand the differences in meaning between the sentences in each pair?

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For fun, a few more examples. Test yourself on the differences in meaning between the sentences in each pair.

The boys showed off the awards that they’d won.
The boys showed off the awards, which they’d won at the shooting range.

Rosella bought the donuts that were two days old.
Rosella bought the donuts, which were two days old.

She needed to return her books to the library that was just down the street.
She needed to return her books to the library, which was just down the street.

The sentences in each pair do  have different meanings.

http://theeditorsblog.net/2012/09/17/restrictive-or-not-when-do-clauses-need-com

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Thank you,

Paolo

Answer
Dear Paolo:

  Dear Ted:

NOTE: PLEASE TAKE YOUR TIME TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION.

Today, I came across the following exercise. Would you please help me understand the differences in meaning between the sentences in each pair?


**** I NOTICED THAT THERE WERE NO ANSWERS GIVEN.

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For fun, a few more examples. Test yourself on the differences in meaning between the sentences in each pair.

The boys showed off the awards that they’d won.
  *** The boys won several awards, and they showed them off.


The boys showed off the awards, which they’d won at the shooting range.

  **** The boys MAY have won many awards, but they only showed the ones
       they won at the shooting range.

Rosella bought the donuts that were two days old.

  *** Rosella bought stale donuts.

Rosella bought the donuts, which were two days old.

  *** Rosella bought donuts.  The fact that they were two days old is just additional
      information.

She needed to return her books to the library that was just down the street.

  *** Maybe there are several libraries in her town.  She returned the books to
      the library that was just down the street from her.

She needed to return her books to the library, which was just down the street.

  *** There is just one library.  She return the books to it.  The fact that the
      library was close to her is just additional, not essential, information.

The sentences in each pair do  have different meanings.

Ted

*** I hope I haven't made any typos.  My vision is really blurred today.

General Writing and Grammar Help

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Ted Nesbitt

Expertise

I am the bibliographic instruction and reference librarian at a public college. Some members of the English department recommend me to their students. I offer assistance in grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, and paragraph development. My master`s thesis concerns William Faulkner`s tragic novels. I formerly taught advanced placement English at two schools in the Philadelphia area.

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I have been one of the highest-ranked volunteers in this category for more than a decade.

Education/Credentials
B. A. and M. A in English; MSIS in Library & Information Sciences; graduate study in philosophy

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