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General Writing and Grammar Help/Referring to - In referring to

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Question
Dear Ted:

Is it "referring to" or "in referring to"?

If both are possible, do they mean the same thing?

If not, when should I use each of them?

Would you please give me some examples?

Thank you.

Paolo

Answer
Dear Paolo:

Is it "referring to" or "in referring to"?

If both are possible, do they mean the same thing?

*** They are possible, and they mean the same thing.  Another version is "in reference to."

EXAMPLES:

The speaker, referring to his notes quite often, bored his audience with his poor presentation.

In referring to the chart on display, the Army spokesman pointed out several suspected ISIS compounds.

John, in reference to his teacher, made many fine comments about her guidance.

Ted

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Ted Nesbitt

Expertise

I am the bibliographic instruction and reference librarian at a public college. Some members of the English department recommend me to their students. I offer assistance in grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, and paragraph development. My master`s thesis concerns William Faulkner`s tragic novels. I formerly taught advanced placement English at two schools in the Philadelphia area.

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I have been one of the highest-ranked volunteers in this category for more than a decade.

Education/Credentials
B. A. and M. A in English; MSIS in Library & Information Sciences; graduate study in philosophy

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