What are the types of soil and how it forms?

Hi Sasha,
Types of Soil: There are many different types of soils, and each one has unique characteristics, like color, texture, structure, and mineral content. The depth of the soil also varies. The kind of soil in an area helps determines what type of plants can grow. There are 12 orders (types) of soil: Alfisols, Aridisols, Entisols, Histosols, Inceptisols, Mollisols, Oxisols, Spodosols, Ultisols, Gelisols, Andisols, and Vertisols.

Soil Formation: Soil is formed slowly as rock (the parent material) erodes into tiny pieces near the Earth's surface. Organic matter decays and mixes with inorganic material (rock particles, minerals and water) to form soil.  


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Amna Rehman


Feel free to ask questions regarding general Physical, Regional and Human Geography while Climatology and Geomorphology are preferential areas. Homework questions will not be appreciated.


I have experience of basic research work (thesis & field survey reports) during academic career/master degree programme and conducted different workshops regarding interactive teaching methodologies, held by UNICEF.

M.Sc. Geography, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

Awards and Honors
Roll of honor in graduation from Lahore College for Women University. Distinction in M.Sc. Geography from University of the Punjab.

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