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hello sir, may you please tell me all the multipurpose projects related to the Indus river.

thank you .

Hi Priya,
Countries contain the area of Indus river:
Pakistan (93%)
India (5%)
China (2%)

The Indus Basin Project (IBP) was developed in pursuance of the Indus Water Treaty, including Mangla dam, five barrages, one syphon and eight inter-river link canals, completed during 1960-1971, and Tarbela dam started partial operation in 1975-1976. The two main components of IBP were the major storage reservoirs on Jhelum (Mangla) and Indus (Tarbela) to mitigate the effect of diverting the three eastern rivers by India and to increase agricultural production in the IBIS. As part of the implementation schedule of IBP, the Mangla Dam Project was taken up first and completed by 1968. In the meantime, the decision was also taken to go ahead with the Tarbela dam after its re-evaluation by the World Bank and lining up of the additional funding. Consequently construction started in 1968, was substantially completed by 1974, and started partial operation in 1975-1976 (WCD, 2000).

As a result of these extensive developments, Pakistan now possesses the world’s largest contiguous irrigation system. It commands a full control equipped area of 14.87 million ha (2008) (36 percent is under Mangla command and 64 percent under Tarbela command (WCD, 2000)) and encompasses the Indus river and its tributaries including three large reservoirs (Tarbela, Mangla, and Chashma), 23 barrages/headworks/siphons, 12 inter-river link canals and 45 canals commands extending for 60 800 km, with communal watercourses, farm channels, and field ditches covering another 1.6 million km to serve over 90 000 farmers’ operated watercourses.


◾Nagar River
◾Astor River
◾Balram River
◾Dras River
◾Gar River
◾Ghizar River
◾Gilgit River
◾Gomal River
◾Kabul River
◾Kurram River
◾Panjnad River
◾Shigar River
◾Shyok River
◾Soan River
◾Tanubal River
◾Zanskar River
The Indus Basin Project consisted primarily of the construction of two main dams, the Mangla Dam built on the Jhelum River and the Tarbela Dam constructed on the Indus River, together with their subsidiary dams.[13] The Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority undertook the construction of the Chashma-Jhelum link canal – linking the waters of the Indus and Jhelum rivers – extending water supplies to the regions of Bahawalpur and Multan. Pakistan constructed the Tarbela Dam near Rawalpindi – standing 2,743 metres (9,000 ft) long and 143 metres (470 ft) high, with an 80-kilometre (50 mi) long reservoir. The Kotri Barrage near Hyderabad is 915 metres (3,000 ft) long and provides additional supplies for Karachi. It support the Chashma barrage near Dera Ismail Khan use for irrigation and flood control. for The Taunsa Barrage near Dera Ghazi Khan produces 100,000 kilowatts of electricity. The extensive linking of tributaries with the Indus has helped spread water resources to the valley of Peshawar, in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The extensive irrigation and dam projects provide the basis for Pakistan's large production of crops such as cotton, sugarcane and wheat. The dams also generate electricity for heavy industries and urban centres.


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Amna Rehman


Feel free to ask questions regarding general Physical, Regional and Human Geography while Climatology and Geomorphology are preferential areas. Homework questions will not be appreciated.


I have experience of basic research work (thesis & field survey reports) during academic career/master degree programme and conducted different workshops regarding interactive teaching methodologies, held by UNICEF.

M.Sc. Geography, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

Awards and Honors
Roll of honor in graduation from Lahore College for Women University. Distinction in M.Sc. Geography from University of the Punjab.

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