Geology/MS Geological engineering
sir can you tell me that is ms geological engineering is most prefereable or bs geology with experience is more preferable?
INTRODUCTION OF ENGINEERING GEOLOGY
The foundation of engineering was made by Mr.William Smith, professionally civil engineer and diverted to geology by an interest in nature. He was the first person to introduce the term ENGINEERING GEOLOGY. He was regarded as the ‘Father of Engineering Geology’. Gradual acceptance of the value of earth science in orderly planning of major civil engineering projects was introduced afterwards. The rapid industrialisation all over the world also played a key role in the development of infrastructure with utilising engineering geology for planning, investigation stage to maintenance stage.
Engineering geology deals with the proper assessment and suitable solution to the geological problems encountered during the planning, design and maintenance of civil engineering structures. Civil engineering is one of the oldest professions of the mankind. It is well known that successful execution of large civil engineering structure depends upon the extent to which a particular structure has been adapted to the geological environment around it. Engineering geology is a multidisciplinary subject calling for better understanding of the problems of engineering. Site selection, design and construction of public works such as roads, buildings, bridges, dams, reservoirs, tunnels, harbours etc are influenced by the local geological considerations. The development of a nation and its status judged primarily based on its economic stability that is directly related to its agricultural and industrial growth. Water and power for a nation of our size can only met by civil engineering projects. Adequate knowledge of engineering geology is essential for civil engineers while dealing with geo-engineering problems.
Definition of Engineering geology: Engineering Geology is the science or discipline of geology applied to civil engineering particularly as applied to design, construction and performance aspects of engineering structures on and inside the ground.
Engineering geology is concerned with the engineering properties of geological materials, including strength, compatibility, porosity, permeability and with the influence of these properties on selection of location for large buildings, roads railroads, bridges, dams and reservoirs, airfields, river pier, ocean pier and harbour break waters etc
Engineering geology is an independent geologic specialization, with an individual technical content and with objectives and methods distinct from other geologic fields of specialization.
Webster defines Engineering as the ‘science concerned with putting scientific knowledge to practical uses divided into different branches as Civil, electrical, mechanical, chemical, mining engineering. However, development and expansion of engineering field added different disciplines as per requirement of the industry and nation such as electronics engineering, material engineering, resource engineering, computer engineering (Information Technology) etc to the major subjects. Many specialised sub-branches are added based on the requirement of the industry and the nation.
Dictionary of geological terms defines - Engineering geologist-is the “one who applies the geological sciences to engineering practice for the purpose of assuring that the geological factors affecting location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works are recognized and adequately provided for.
GEOLOGY IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
Geology stands to civil engineering in the same relation as faith to works. The success or failure of onshore and offshore civil engineering structure undertaking depends largely on the physical conditions, which fall within the province, or geology and the works of an engineer should be based on the faith to geologist.
Engineering geology is the branch of earth science studying the geological conditions of the construction and utilization of engineering structures. The main practical purpose of engineering geology is to provide solution for safe designing, construction of civil engineering structures.
The engineering geologist has to observe and record geological information and then translate this data to practical engineering design, construction and maintenance of civil engineering projects.
The application of geology to civil engineering, that is to the preliminary exploration, design construction, operation and maintenance of engineering structures such as dams, tunnels highways, canals and buildings, results in better and less costly engineering structures. This is because such structures are built on rocks and soils, because rocks and soils frequently are the principal materials of construction, and because all the geological conditions at structures sites influence the engineering problems, which must be surmounted. These things must have geological interpretation before the engineer can choose the most appropriate site and design and build the most appropriate structure (Roger Rhoades, 1946)
The geological aspects of the civil engineering site have to be studied in detail before commencement of the project. The civil engineer and the engineering geologist have to work together in the field in initial planning stage. In some stages they work separately, in others jointly, based on field and project work requirements. Civil engineers require field training in geology to understand the natural geological conditions and their influence on civil engineering structures/constructions. A civil engineer must be in a position to understand the geological map of the project area with due practical knowledge for assessing the data. Generally, engineering geologist of the project site will approach to the project civil engineer executive to present field geological maps, geological cross-sections of the construction site, borehole data details etc. for taking final approval for commencement of the project. In adverse geological conditions of the project site, geologist may reject site or suggest for another alternative site on the basis of geological setting of the region. In such alternatives civil engineer executive should be in a position to study all submitted engineering geological data for taking final decision of the project. Civil engineer must take field training in geology to understand geological settings particularly identification of lithological units, outcrop pattern, attitudes of geological formations, field recognition of faulted, displaced zones, assessment of weatherability pattern of the region etc. In addition, he must be in a position to read surface and subsurface geological map of the region. Engineering geology is a multi disciplinary subject having interrelation with other disciplines such as hydrogeology, rock mechanics, soil mechanics, remote sensing, photo grammetry, exploration geology, geophysics, geochemistry, drilling, blasting, etc. A trained civil engineer understands all field geological problems and interpret the submitted geological documents to take further effective action for early clearance or approval or rejection of the project. Geological Survey of India, Government of India, organization and training division conducts field trainings on various aspects of geology including engineering geology. Few university earth science departments and Geological Society of India also undertakes field geological camps and trainings in selective areas with highly qualified and experienced geologists. In addition All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), which is a premier body for engineering and technical education in the country, has undertaken up the responsibility of organising the short term training programmes through the premier national level institutions on topics of current interest including engineering geology.