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Geophysics/Identification of lithologies

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Question
how can we identify different lithologies like shale, sand and Limestone on seismic data? what is the response of seismic waves in these lithologies?

Answer
Dear Amjad,

A first straight answer is NO!

A flexible answer is yes, if you talk about an inverted seismic data. Due to inversion, you an characterize the seismic response being shale/sand.

A seismic signal natively is a series of amplitudes nothing more than that. Before you know if amplitude is relate to sand or shale, you must understand the nature of the rock itself by studying the well data. Then calibrate/characterize it with seismic data with the aid of inversion. There you go then...

I hope this answers to your question.

Geophysics

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Farrukh Qayyum

Expertise

I would like to answer Geophysical questions with keen interest, specifically exploration related. I want to hear from users for their queries on exploration geophysics/geology. Especially in the discipline of Reservoir Characterization from seismic reflection data. The questions related to basics and interpretational applications would be most welcome. I can also answer queries related to sequence and/or seismic stratigraphy, geology, general geomorphology, seismic geomorphology and other relevant questions. I can not answer the questions related to gravity, magnetic, or resistivity surveying or question related to the fluid dynamics. Such categories are not related to my experience.

Experience

Over eight years in different services with additional case studies of Pakistan, China, Saudi Arabia, North Sea, Africa and Netherlands offshore.

Organizations
dGB Earth Sciences, The Netherlands.

Publications

4D Wheeler Diagrams: Concept and Applications, Qayyum, F., P. de Groot, N. Hemstra, and O. Catuneanu, 2014, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, v. 404, p. SP404.1, doi:10.1144/SP404.1.

A Modern Approach to Build 3D Sequence Stratigraphic Framework Qayyum, F., Hemstra, N., and Singh, R., 2013, Oil and Gas Journal, vol.111, issue 10.

Dense sets of seismic horizons - A New Approach to Stratigraphic Interpretation Qayyum, F., Hemstra, N., and de Groot, P., 2013, Geophysical Corner, AAPG Explorer, September Issue, 68-69.

Developments and Future Trends in Wheeler Diagrams Qayyum, F., Catuneanu, O., de Groot, P., 2013, 75th EAGE Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE EUROPEC, London, UK, June 2013.

HorizonCube and Wheeler Transform Generated, Stratal Packages Identified and Correlated on 7 Regional 2D Seismic Lines McDonough, K.J., Qayyum, F., Bouanga, E., and Pierard, C., Horn, B., Gross, J., Danforth, A., Sterne, E.J., Granath, J., AAPG Annual Convention & Exhibition, May 2013

On the horizon, de Groot, P., Qayyum, F., Oilfield Technology, January 2013.

Attributes play important role in seismic interpretation, de Groot, P., Qayyum, F., Hart's E&P Magazine, p. 31-34, October 2012.

From 2D to 4D Wheeler Diagrams, F. Qayyum, P. de Groot, and N. Hemstra, William Smith Meeting 2012, London.

Building a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework from HorizonCube and Well Data F. Qayyum, P. de Groot, J. Yasin 74th EAGE Conference & Exhibition, 2012

An old favourite, F. Qayyum and P. de Groot, Oilfield Technology, March 2012.

Using 3D Wheeler diagrams in seismic interpretation the HorizonCube method F. Qayyum, P. de Groot,N. Hemstra First Break 30 (3), 103-109,2012



Education/Credentials
Master in Philosophy with specialization in reservoir characterization by using Sequence Stratigraphy. And master in Geophysics with a case study of Punjab Platform.

Awards and Honors
Position Holder in Academics.

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