What does "ta" mean in Greek? An example: "ta meta ta physika biblia"
the ancient Greek word “tà”, i.e. τὰ in ancient Greek letters, is nothing but the nominative or the accusative neuter plural of the definite article ὁ , ἡ , τό (transliterated as “ho, he, to”) corresponding to the English definite article “the”.
So, "tà metà tà physikà biblía" (transliteration of τὰ μετὰ τὰ φυσικὰ βιβλία) literally means:”the books after the physics”, i.e. “the works that come after the books on physics”, since "tà metà tà physikà biblía" was used by Andronicus of Rhodes, one of the first of Aristotle’s editors, as the title of Aristotle's treatise on first principles, i.e. the branch of philosophy concerned with the ultimate nature of existence .
In fact, the English word metaphysics, which derives exactly from “metà tà physikà “ (μετὰ τὰ φυσικὰ = “after physics”,i.e “after works on physics), is the philosophical study whose object is to determine the real nature of things, including the relationship between mind and matter, substance and attribute, fact and value.
Lastly note that:
-tà (τὰ. Nominative neuter plural of the definite article agreeing with “biblía”) = the
-metà (μετὰ . Preposition which takes the accusative) = after
-tà (τὰ.Accusative neuter plural ) = the [books]
-physikà (φυσικὰ . Accusative neuter plural related to “biblía”)= belonging to the nature
-biblía (βιβλία. Plural of the neuter noun “biblíon” / βιβλίον )= books
Hope all is clear enough.