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Greek/"maxeinos"

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Question
Hello Maria,

The Homeric dictionaries carry entries for the word, μάξεινος -but, strangely, none give its definition.

Any ideas as to the definition of μάξεινος?

regards,
Dan

Answer
Hello,

the ancient Greek term μάξεινος (masculine noun , 2nd declension) that we read in Athenaeus, Δειπνοσοφισταί (i.e.“the Banquet of the Learned”), 315 f ,  is a very rare word that indicated a sea-fish  such as a “cod “(Scientific name:” Gadus morhua”, Linnaeus, 1758).

Its synonyms were γαλλερίας (nominative,masculine noun, 2nd declension) and ὀνίσκος (nominative,masculine noun, 2nd declension), as we read just in Athenaeus Deipnosophists, 315 f: διαφέρει δ᾽ ὄνος ὀνίσκου, ὥς φησι Δωρίων ἐν τῷ περὶ ἰχθύων γράφων οὕτως : ‘ ὄνος, ὃν καλοῦσί τινες γάδον:γαλλερίας, ὃν καλοῦσί τινες ὀνίσκον τε καὶ μάξεινον’).

Hope this can be helpful to you.

Best regards,

Maria
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Athenaeus, a Greek rhetorician and grammarian, flourishing about the end of the 2nd and beginning of the 3rd century AD, wrote a long work whose matter is a literary, historical and antiquarian conversation among grammarians, lexicographers, jurists and musicians.

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Maria

Expertise

I'll be glad to answer any questions concerning ANCIENT GREEK. So, do not ask me please questions regarding MODERN GREEK as it is different from Ancient Greek either in spelling/meaning or in pronunciation.

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Over 25 years teaching experience.

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I received my Ph.D in Classics (summa cum laude) from Genova University (Italy) and my thesis was about ancient Greek drama (Aeschylus).

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