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Greek/"Into?"

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Question
Hello Michael,

LSJ appears to show nothing relating to the concept of "into (something)."

Generally, how would "into" be expressed in Ancient Greek? (Specific example: "to crawl into...."

regards
Bud

Answer
Hi Bud,

thank you for your inquiry. There usually two ways one can express this (and the alike): either by adding a prefix to the verb (in this case: εἰσέρπειν or προσ-) or by the use of a prepositional expression, i.e. with a simple or even compound verb (-ἔρπειν) and the desired preposition according to what is offered in terms of meanings, e.g.

ἔρπειν εἰς κακόν / ἔρπειν πρὸς τἀγαθά (i.e. εἰς/πρός + acc.)
προσέρπειν ἐπί + dative or εἰς + acc.

or

εἰσέρπειν ἀμαρτίαις/σπηλαίοις/σκότει etc. (i.e. with dat.)
προσέρπειν + dat.

Always referring to your example, of course. Let me know whether this was clear enough. Good day to you.

Cordially,
Michael

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Michael Barkas

Expertise

I provide assistance in linguistic, literary topics of Greek and Latin covering, thus, the following fields: translation, grammar, syntax, vocabulary, etymology, morphology, semantics and interpretations etc.

Experience

Studies: University of the Aegean, Dept Rhodes Friedrich Wilhelm Universitšt Bonn

Education/Credentials
Magister Artium (Archeology/Linguistics) Bachelor (Latin/English/Greek)

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