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Question
Hello,

I was wondering how you properly pronounce pathei mathos or in Ancient Greek spelling πάθει μάθος. I've heard it pronounced pathonta gnonai and I have also heard it pronounced like pat-ie mat-os. I was wondering which or correct or if they are both wrong.

Thank you!

Answer
Hello,

The ancient Greek  πάθει μάθος, transliterated as “páthei máthos”( literally, “wisdom through suffering”), which is a quotation from Aeschylus, Agamemnon, line 177, is properly pronounced as follows:

-páth / πάθ is pronounced like the noun  “path” in British English, not in American English.
-ei / ει is pronounced like the “ei” in “eight”


-máth / μάθ is pronounced like “math” in British English “mathematics”
-os / ος  is pronounced like the first  “os” in British English “osmosis”.

Please note that I had to specify the correct pronunciation by resorting to the pronunciation of similar syllables in British English words, since for example the vowels “a” and "e"  can be pronounced differently in British English and in American English, and therefore there was no other way of achieving the correct pronunciation.

As for the pronunciations that you mention, I’ sorry, but they both are wrong in Ancient Greek.

Best regards,

Maria
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Note that:

-πάθει /páthei (dative singular of the neuter noun páthos / πάθος, 3rd declension)= through/by suffering

-μάθος/máthos (nomiative singular, neuter noun, 3rd declension) = wisdom

In short, Aeschylus says that wisdom comes by/through suffering.  

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Maria

Expertise

I'll be glad to answer any questions concerning ANCIENT GREEK. So, do not ask me please questions regarding MODERN GREEK as it is different from Ancient Greek either in spelling/meaning or in pronunciation.

Experience

Over 25 years teaching experience.

Education/Credentials
I received my Ph.D in Classics (summa cum laude) from Genova University (Italy) and my thesis was about ancient Greek drama (Aeschylus).

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