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Hair Loss/Hair fall in the crown area and soreness

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Question
Hello! I am an 18 year old girl, of South Asian origin. I have noticed that in the last four months my hair has begun to fall rapidly and now i have a "bald spot" - where my considerably long hair falls apart to reveal scalp that my friends joke about. They only do it in jest but i do get embarrassed! The spot has since grown and it is now a patch.
My hair has thinned overall, but the hairfall is mostly concentrated on my crown and the area hurts as if i have had my hair in a tight ponytail for days. But i do not wear tight ponytails so this cannot be the cause.
I haven't done anything out of the ordinary recently, i have always stayed up late to finish homework and projects, always been a poor eater, but its only now that my hair has begun to fall so much.
My weight varies between 38 and 42 kgs, and my diet on a usual day is as follows:
Breakfast: bowl of milk and cornflakes
Lunch: A handful of rice and curry OR one roti and some vegetable.
Snack: An omelette,a glass of milk,and sometimes biscuits
Dinner: Roti and nutella (chocolate spread) or vegetable.
..
What could be the reason for balding? My late nights, lack of exercise, or poor diet - or maybe extensive use of hair products? i only use shampoo and conditioner, twice a week. I rarely use any other product on my hair. So i dont think that's the reason.
Do you have any suggestions for how i can improve my nutrition? What helps hair growth?
Any help would be much appreciated!

Answer
The most common hair loss condition that causes actual bald spots is alopecia areata. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack hair follicles. Although this condition carries a genetic predisposition, it is thought that it becomes activated due to a "trigger" or "stressor" Anything that causes the body to adjust can be considered a trigger or stressor. Common triggers include extreme stress, major life change such as relocation, vaccination, medication, exposure to toxins or allergens, recent illness or infection, etc. Environmental allergies and sensitivities are common with alopecia areata and all autoimmune disorders. With alopecia areata it is important to balance the immune system, avoid allergens, reduce stress and also to treat the bald spots. Essential oil scalp treatments have been found to be very effective to stimulate hair growth in many persons with alopecia areata. You can learn more about the types and causes of female hair loss and using essential oils as a natural hair loss remedy at the links provided below.  
Please let me know if I can help you further.
Sincerely, Melanie Vonzabuesnig
My Hair Loss Story Alopecia Areata
http://www.vzbotanicals.com/mystory.html
Understanding Female Hair Loss
http://www.vzbotanicals.com/overcomefemalehairloss.html
Create Your Own Natural Hair Loss Remedies
http://www.vzbotanicals.com/Books%20info.html
Essential Oils for Hair Loss
http://www.vzbotanicals.com/aromatherapy%20for%20hair%20loss.html  

Hair Loss

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Melanie Vonzabuesnig

Expertise

Female hair loss is my main focus. Women today are very susceptible to several types of hair loss including telogen effluvium, alopecia areata, and androgenetic alopecia. I can answer questions about the causes and types of female hair loss. I can share information about natural holistic remedies to improve female hair loss conditions.

Experience

My interest in female hair loss sprung from my own experience with extensive hair loss. Determined to grow my hair back, I diligently studied every piece of information I could find on the biology of hair growth. After successfully re-growing my hair with safe and effective natural products, I felt compelled to learn more and to share this information with other women. I am experienced in blending custom hair loss formulas. I am also experienced in writing about female hair loss issues.

Publications
My hair loss information has been included in The Truth about Womens Hair Loss by Spencer Kobren, Naturally Healthy Skin by Stephanie Tourles, Alternative Healing by Bill Gottleib and Natural Health Magazine. I am the author of several books on hair loss.

Education/Credentials
I am a certified aromatherapist specializing in formulas for scalp and hair conditions.

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