Hebrew Language/Hebrew phrase analysis
QUESTION: Shalom again,
Is it possible to separate each grammatical element in the following phrase:
I am not sure whether this is correct but the phrase is "and be diligent". It's phonetic spelling is:
nun yud kaph pey chet tav tav yud
Reading right to left. I believe that the first character "yud" means "and" ... and the last character "nun" means "them" ... but I am particularly looking for the word for "diligent" here.
So, can this be mechanically split into it's individual elements?
ANSWER: I'm not sure I understand what you're saying -
וחחעטון is meaningless in Hebrew. The letters are not the ones you've specified but:
vav khet khet ayin tet vav nun (these are the letters in the correct order, meaning vav is the rightmost letter and nun is the leftmost).
Using your spelled-out letters to form a word gives:
יתתחפכין (right to left) or
ניכפחתתי (left to right)
Both don't spell a Hebrew word.
"and be diligent" in Biblical Hebrew can be ותשקדון - this is the closest I can get to the grammatical mechanism you are using.
The vav (not yud) in the beginning means "and", but in this case (as with most Biblical verbs) it serves a different role - it changes the grammatical tense from future to past. The nun at the end means something like "you will" in Aramaic, and old Hebrew often borrowed from Aramaic.
To sum up this long explanation, if you can provide the context to your question I may be able to help you more.
---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------
QUESTION: So ... if I follow your etiquette then my follow up question is:
The following word I would like to take down to its elements is (hopefully!):
vav lamed dalet tav shin tav (reading right to left)
which I believe means something like "you study"
If that is so then can you tell me which part of it means "study"?
Your letters form: תשתדלו (pronounced "tish-tad-loo")
Meaning "you [plural] will make an effort".
The first letter, tav, marks the future tense.
The last letter marks the plural male form.
The root of the word is שדל and the word meaning "to make an effort" is להשתדל.
But it is a rather complex Binyan (to see what Binyan is, see here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Hebrew_verb_conjugation
Study would be an easier example because it has the simplest Binyan:
"you will study" is תלמדו
the root is למד
"to study" is ללמוד