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hello i m from Sri Lanka.

My husband's Semen Analysis Test shows the following results.

Could i please know if (Assuming i am fertile and normal):

1. i can do an IUI with these results?
2. or will it have to be IVF
3. or will have to be ICSI?
4. Is a normal conception possible?
5. is there medicine to improve his sperms

Thank you


Analysis of Seminal fluid

Appearance Opalescent
Liquefaction time - <30 min
Consistency 1/3
Volume 2.5 ml
PH 7
Fructose N/D
Agglutination - +/-
WBC 0.1 M/ml
Round Cells 0.2 M/ml

Analysis of Sperm
Concentration 24 M/ml
Mortality 20%
a.   Rapid Linear Progression 0%
b.   Slow Linear Progression 8%
c.   Non progressive 12%
Non motile 80%

Viability N/D
Morphology (Normal forms description)-7%
Head defects 43%
Neck defects 29%
Tail defects 12%

Comments Astheno Teratozoospermia

Hello Sara from Sri Lanka,

1.  You can certainly do IUI but the chances of pregnancy are not the best because very few of the sperm are forward progressively motile.  This could indicate a functional problem whereby the sperm are unable to fertilize the egg.
2.  IVF with ICSI would be the treatment of choice but is not a "have to."
3.  ICSI is the treatment of choice to overcome a potential functional deficit.  Keep in mind that semen analysis is an "indirect" measure of what is important with sperm, namely fertilization.  We cannot test fertilization without extracting your eggs first.  In the past, before ICSI was developed, we would see a high fertilization failure rate when the semen analysis was abnormal.  For that reason, we now assume that there is a fertilization problem with abnormal semen analysis and recommend ICSI.
4.  Unlikely, but miracles do happen and there are always exceptions to every rule.  You could be an exception.
5.  Not to improve progressive motility.

Good Luck,

Dr. Edward J. Ramirez, M.D., FACOG
Executive Medical Director
The Fertility and Gynecology Center
Monterey Bay IVF Program

Monterey, California, U.S.A.

for additional information check out my blog at check me out on twitter with me at @montereybayivf and facebook @montereybayivf.  Skype and internet comprehensive consultations now available via my website for those who want a more extensive evaluation that this site can accommodate.  


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Edward Joseph Ramirez, MD, FACOG


I am a specialist in infertility and advanced gynecological care. I can answer questions about infertility, gynecology related ills, menopause...virtually anything that affects women's health. PLEASE tell me where you are writing from as I am always interested.


I have been practicing as an Ob/Gyn and Infertility Specialist for over 23 years. Gynecology, advanced laparoscopic surgery, basic infertility, IUI's, IVF, reproductive surgery, and ovulation induction are all areas of my expertise. I am Board Certified. I have been doing In Vitro Fertilization in my clinic for 19 years.

American College of OB/GYN, American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, American Society of Reproductive Medicine, California Medical Association, American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists, Fellow of The American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wall Street Journal, Monterey Herald, SERMO, Women's Health and Fertility Blog

Medical Degree from Stanford University, Residency at Tripler Army Medical Center, Reproductive Training at Pacific Fertility Center, San Francisco

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