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Interspecies Conflict/most intresting animal fights


1.A.clouded leopard vs A.eurasian lynx
2.A.clouded leopard vs A.akita
3.A.ostich vs A.spotted hyena
4.A.side striped jackal vs A.thompson gazelle
5.10 kg ratel vs 11 kg ocelot
6.25 kg eurasian lynx vs 33 kg maned wolf
7.A.eurasian lynx vs A.trained GSD
8.four average sized wolverine(not coordinating well) vs an average cougar
9.three average sized wolverine(coordinating well) vs an average snow leopard
10.A.serval vs A.coyote
(b)equal sized match-ups
1.peccary vs warthog
2.chital vs impala (plese don`t call stalement here) backed jackal vs golden jackal
4.side striped jackal vs golden jackal backed jackal vs side striped jackal bred APBT vs elite alpha male grey wolf
7.white tailed deer vs spotted deer
8.american black bear vs polar bear
9.coyote vs golden jackal
10.african wildog vs coyote
(c)lion fights:
assume each male is healthy.
1.2 year old lion vs 9 year old lion
2.4 year old lion vs 5 year old lion
3.7 year old lion vs 8 year old lion
(d)I know this is not your strength but can you just estimate about the given question?
1.paw force of a lion (i have heard that a cat can have a paw force of 2/3 its weight)
2.paw force of a leopard/cougar
3.paw force of a grizzly bear
4.paw force of a golden eagle
5.paw force of a red tailed hawk
(e)whose kick may be is the strongest?
5.cape buffalo
(f)Well you have given me the probability of seeing lion in night,but i want the probability of seeing a lion in morning safari or evening safari.Also what may be the probability of seeing a leopard in night in gir?

sorry for so many questions this is my curiosity.

ANSWER: Hello again Mukul.

A: Fights

average clouded leopard vs average eurasian lynx: The clouded leopard will weigh about 3/5th the weight of the lynx.  The clouded leopard has long, sharp upper canines that can quickly end the fight, but the size of the lynx will allow it to control the positioning of this battle well enough to keep this from happening on most occasions.  Close fight, but the lynx has the edge.

average clouded leopard vs average akita: The akita will weigh over twice as much as the clouded leopard, and this will be too much size for the feline to overcome.  The powerful bite of the akita will be used effectively enough to keep the cat from getting into a position to sink its fangs in a vulnerable area.  The leopard will be more agile (and quicker), but it won't be enough to counter the dog's offense.  Akita wins.

average ostrich vs average spotted hyena: The ostrich will be double the hyena's weight.  An ostrich defends itself with powerful kicks from its sharp claws (two on each foot, long like spikes).  One kick could seriously wound a hyena.  The hyena would need to circle the bird (ostriches can only kick forward) and try to lunge in with a strong bite on one of its legs.  If it succeeds, it can hold on with relative safety and eventually bring the bird down.  However, the hyena is somewhat clumsy and has sub-par lateral quickness, so it won't be able to avoid getting kicked on most occasions.  It can't jump on the ostrich (which is usually required by a predator tackling an ostrich), and it doesn't have claws to aid it.  A big hyena could pull it off on occasion, but most ostrich vs hyena face-offs will strongly favor the bird.

average side-striped jackal vs average thompson's gazelle: The jackal will weigh less than half the gazelle's weight.  If the gazelle faces the jackal and doesn't run, it will prevail on most occasions.  The jackal is very nimble and can avoid most charges by the gazelle, but it won't be able to circle around fast enough to dart in for a bite without getting hit by the horns.  Two jackals would readily pull this off.

10kg ratel vs 11kg ocelot: Ratels (honey badgers) are notoriously ferocious & fearless.  They have very tough, thick hide, a strong bite, and sharp claws that can dig deep holes in the ground in a short amount of time.  The ocelot is agile & quick, but it isn't built as robustly as its larger cousins.  The ocelot can be a fierce fighter, but it will not be able to match up to the ratel on most occasions.  Ratel wins.

25kg eurasian lynx vs 33kg maned wolf: The maned wolf is tall and slender, and built more like a fox than a wolf.  It is not as formidable (pound-for-pound) as most other wild canids, and hunts small game.  The size advantage would help it some against the lynx, but the lynx has superior speed, agility, and weaponry.  Not an easy fight for the lynx, but its ferocity & sharp claws should help it get the job done.  Lynx wins.

average eurasian lynx vs average trained german shepherd: These animals will be close in weight.  The german shepherd will have the advantage in endurance and have a bigger bite, but the lynx will have the advantage in speed, agility, and claws.  Lynxes sometimes don't fare well against coyotes when they meet, but the coyote is usually larger in these encounters.  If a trained german shepherd battles on despite injury it can wear the lynx down (but it will be badly scratched up), but the lynx can use its claws (front & back) to rapidly damage the hide of the dog.  Slight edge to the lynx.

4 average wolverines vs average cougar: The average cougar will weigh around 5 times as much as each wolverine, and the fact that the wolverines won't cooperate well in this scenario with a coordinated attack doesn't bode well for them.  The cougar will simply repel each wolverine when it gets into paw range.  The cougar can kill them one at a time, and unless the wolverines attack en masse, the cougar will prevail.

3 average wolverines vs average snow leopard: The snow leopard will weigh 4 times as much as the wolverines, but in this scenario the wolverine's attacks will be coordinated.  It will be a close fight, because the wolverines have a chance to exhaust the cat in a prolonged battle, but the snow leopard will be too big here.  It has the size & weaponry to eventually kill all 3 mustelids before it succumbs to their attack.

average serval vs average coyote: The weights will be close, but the serval is outmatched here.  Its slender, agile build is custom-made for catching small, elusive game and leaping into the air to snatch birds in flight.  However, it is not built to take on another predator within its weight range.  The coyote's bigger bite and superior stamina will make this a one-sided affair.  Coyote wins.

B: Equal-sized matchups

peccary vs warthog: Good fight, but the warthog's longer tusks are positioned better to cause damage to an opponent.  I would favor an equal-sized wild boar against a warthog, but I don't consider a peccary to be nearly as formidable as an equal-sized wild boar.  Edge to the warthog.

chital vs impala: The impala's sharp, hollow horns could cause serious injury if they hit their mark, but they aren't positioned well enough to make this a sure thing.  Some antelopes opt to head-butt their opponents instead of stabbing them for this reason.  Some of the chital's branched antlers are pointed forward, but they aren't as sharp.  They do however provide adequate protection from incoming horns when head-to-head.  Both animals are similar in strength & abilities, but the edge goes to the chital.

black-backed jackal vs golden jackal: The black-backed jackal is more aggressive & confrontational, but it is not as robust as the golden jackal.  In a realistic encounter the golden jackal would probably back down, but if it got down & dirty the golden jackal would prevail.

game-bred APBT vs elite alpha male grey wolf: This is all about what each animal is used to doing.  A game-bred American pitbull terrier is (through generations of breeding) made to fight other dogs, and it's good at it.  Wolves hunt in a pack, and seldom take on other animals solo.  The APBT is a stocky, athletic, well-muscled dog with strong jaws and top-notch endurance.  They will relentlessly attack in spite of injury and wear opponents down to overcome them.  They aren't invincible, but can hold their own against animals in their weight range (and heavier).  The wolf has greater agility and a stronger bite (even at parity) but it will be outmatched here.  A wolf needs a decent weight advantage to win this.

white-tailed deer vs spotted deer: Close fight because they're both deer, but the white-tailed deer's antlers appear to be more combat-effective.

american black bear vs polar bear: Polar bears are probably the strongest bear pound-for-pound.  They are chiefly carnivorous, and deal with larger animals (walrus, begula whale, seal) more consistently than the black bear does.  Polar bears can punch holes through 3ft of ice and snatch 225kg seals out of the water with ease.  Their 4 inches of blubber under their fur will also offer protection from paw strikes.  The black bear would need a decent size advantage to compete with the mighty polar bear.

coyote vs golden jackal: Similar in build, but the coyote is more confrontational.  It matches the golden jackal physically, but the coyote's greater aggression would probably make enough difference in a conflict to favor it.

african wild dog vs coyote: The African wild dog has a bigger bite and consistently tackles larger prey.  Its lateral quickness will be greater than the coyote's, and it will be in position to deliver the better bites.  African wild dog wins.

C: Lion fights

2-year old lion vs 9-year old lion: A 2yr old will still be shy of maturity, and a 9yr old lion will still be relatively healthy and experienced.  9yr old wins.

4-year old lion vs 5-year old lion: The 4yr old will just be arriving at maturity, whereas the 5yr old will be starting to peak physically.  5yr old wins.

7-year old lion vs 8-year old lion: Both of the animals will still be in their prime.  The 7yr old might be a little fresher & healthier, but the 8yr old isn't far off at all and will have 1yr of extra fighting experience under its belt.  8yr old wins.

D: Paw force questions (these are approximations):

paw force of lion: Probably around 225kg of force (like someone throwing a 225kg medicine ball at you, but with a different kind of impact).

paw force of leopard/cougar: maybe just under 100kg of force.

paw force of grizzly bear: maybe 1500lbs of force.

paw force of golden eagle: talons can squeeze 10 times harder than adult human hand, and an air strike could probably generate 100kg of force concentrated in a small area.

paw force of red-tailed hawk: talons can probably squeeze almost as hard as an eagle, but they only weigh a 1/3rd as much (and that will effect overall grip).  An air strike might produce anywhere from 30-40kg of force applied in a small area.

E: Strongest kicks
1. Giraffe: Very strong kick that can disable a lion in one go.  Giraffes weigh well over a ton, and can generate a lot of power with their kicks.

2. Zebra are much stronger pound-for-pound than a domestic horse, and they are well-practiced at delivering hard kick to repel enemies.  One well-placed kick can break bones in a adversary.

3. Cape buffalo: Kicking isn't their primary weapon (horns), but they can kick.  Their well-muscled bodies enable them to kick with a lot of force.

4. Kudu: They like to use their horns to ram an opponent first and foremost, but they are skilled at kicking too.  They are capable of inflicting serious injury with a solid kick.

5. Ostrich: Even though it's last on this list, it has a formidable kick capable of doing just as much damage as the others on this list.  The power is a cut below (due to being a smaller animal), but the armament is probably superior.  The longer of the 2 claws on the bird's foot can cause serious damage to an attacker.  The force is comparable to the larger kudu, but the ability to rip hide open makes this kick more dangerous.

F: Gir forest safari

The chances of seeing a lion in the daytime on safari in Gir is probably right at 50% due to the large groups they form and tendency to go wherever they please.  They will likely be sleeping during the day, but they won't necessarily make a point to hide.  Lions in Gir are bold, aren't afraid of humans, and roam into outside areas because there isn't enough room from them in the area they're confined to.  It's not unusual to see them relaxing near prey items after a meal; the prey items instinctively know the lion is full.  Because visibility should be great, the chances are probably right at 50%.  Nighttime safari (depending on visibility) the chances are greater, because they will be active for a good 4-hour window once night falls.  Probably just over 50%.  You might not be able to spot them as readily, but they should be there.  There are approximately 300 leopards in Gir National forest, but are primarily active night.  They will be hard to detect, as they will be secretive.  In the daytime safari you may see one sleeping in a tree, but it will likely avoid any area frequented by other life forms.  At night, they may be stalking about, but will be hard to pick out.  Chances of seeing one are probably much less than lions (which form prides and sometimes hang out in the open); probably less than 25% on daytime safari & nighttime safari.

Best regards.

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Hello again,
(a)You said that polar bear is probably strongest bear pound for pound,but i have a doubt.I think brown bears are more stronger pound for pound.Don`t you see its muscularature?I also read somewhere that a brown bear has pound for pound stronger biteforce.Its claws seems to be better than the polar bear`s.I also believe that the brown bear can get more aggressive than the polar bear as they have to face predators such as wolfs,cougars,black bear and other brown bears.Is it their fighting style makes them lose?Brown bears fight by biting each other whereas polar bears fight with claws which means they may be are more dextreous?
(b)Can you give information on these animals fighting style to each other?
4.clouded leopard
6.Grey wolf
7.american black bear
8.bop cat
9.eurasian lynx
10.saltwater crocodile
11.bull sharks
(c)Can you give me list of top ten most dangerous animal vs animal fights?for example tiger fight,bighorn sheep fight etc.
(d)Can you give me top 10 best predators at hunting their favorite prey in land only.You may include birds of prey and crocodile.
(e)I have heard hyenas live in groups but when you find a hyena most of the time he/she is alone.You can only find clan during their meal or near den.Why is this so?
(f)Can you give average group size of each animal including males and females
1.grey wolf
2.african lions
3.asiatic lions
5.asiatic wild dog
5.african wild dog
6.coalition of cheetah
8.spotted hyena
1.two A.grey wolf vs A.cougar
2.A. snow leopardess vs A.Arabian leopard
3.A. indian wolf vs A. dhole/dingo
4.four A. spotted hyena vs A. male lion
5.A. clouded leopard/eurasian lynx vs A.peccary
6.A. clouded leopard vs A. cassowary
7.A. gamebred APBT vs A. peccary
(h)equal sized fight
1.caracal vs cougar
2.Canadian lynx vs brown bear
3.APBT vs striped hyena
4.striped hyena vs brown hyena
5.gorilla vs chimpanzee


ANSWER: Hello again Mukul.

A: Brown bears have a pronounced shoulder hump where the muscle is built up due to the way the bear uses them.  Kodiak bears, grizzly bears, and other brown bears have this adaptation because they have, from generation to generation, dug into things with their claws.  Digging up tough ground, ripping into a carcass, and generally moving multiple things with their paws requires the shoulder area to be strong.  Even though they occasionally deal with large animals, Kodiak bears are omnivorous and primarily eat fish.  Polar bears are longer and less-robust in appearance than most brown bears because their body is streamlined more for swimming.  However, their bodies are well-muscled front-to-back.  It's hard to tell due to the 4 inches of blubber right beneath their fur, but it's there.  Polar bears are almost exclusively carnivorous, and they are adapted to taking on walruses, muskox, and other large animals on a consistent basis.  They wrestle with these animals using most of the muscles throughout their bodies to subdue this prey.  Polar bears also grab heavy prey from the water (narwhals, seals, etc.) and use most of their muscles to leverage it onto the land (even with their back legs anchoring them to the edge of the ice).  The Kodiak bear may be stronger than the polar bear in a particular area, but the polar bear is probably stronger when the entire body is taken into account.  However, pound-for-pound strength doesn't always equate to a win for a particular animal.  The Kodiak bear's larger shoulder hump means its paw swipes are likely stronger (and its claws can be twice as long), and it is typically more aggressive in bear-on-bear disputes.  The polar bear is not territorial, and will often give way to a brown bear when their habitats overlap.  In a war of paws, the brown bear would be more effective, but the polar bear's overall strength would give it the edge in a wrestling/positioning contest.  At equal weights these 2 bears would be about even if both animals were willing to fight.

B: Fighting styles
leopard: Leopards will swipe violently with their paws and use a tackle-and-bite method in an attempt to overcome an adversary.  If on the defensive, it will roll on its back and kick with its back paws repeatedly.  Will kill primarily with throat bite.

cougar: Similar to leopard.  Will kill with throat or snout bite.

lion: Similar to leopard, but paw swipes and bites (after gripping claws into hide) are the most common tactic.  Will kill with a throat or spine bite.

clouded leopard: All four claws are used, and the long upper canines are used to land a killing bite to the neck area if the positioning is right.

jaguar: Similar to leopard; lot of paw action; uses strength to control opponent with forelimbs and deliver bites.  Kills with bite through skull or back of neck.

grey wolf: Uses quickness to dart in with a quick bite and retreat with a dangerous opponent; goes for neck bite in similar-sized opponent.  Usually attacks in tandem or in groups.  Will use bite-and-shake tactic on fatigued opponent.

american black bear: Will swipe with paws (armed with very sharp claws due to climbing trees often) and wrestle standing up while delivering bites.

bobcat: Will swipe ferociously with front paws initially, but won't hesitate to roll on its back or side while clenching opponent tight to kick vigorously with back legs (and deliver bites).

eurasian lynx: Same as bobcat.  Will often roll onto back right before opponent makes contact with it.

saltwater crocodile:  In water, it's bite & roll.  On land, it's jaws agape and ready to bite with a quick lunge if opponent comes close enough.  Will use the bite & roll tactic on land as well.  Will use tail as a blunt force weapon.  A secure bite on land is usually followed by an attempt to drag opponent into the water for drowning.

bull sharks: Sharks aren't actually great fighters, but what they do make them seem like they are.  A shark will try to land a bite and move away quickly.  It will assess the situation, and attempt to repeat this (if needed).  They don't like dealing with adversaries that can effectively fight back.

C: Dangerous animal fights.  I'm assuming you mean fights where both animals put themselves at risk and not where one completely dominates the other.  If you mean this to be one animal vs another one of the same species (like tiger vs tiger), just let me know in a follow-up and I'll amend the answer.  Lots to choose from, but here's 10 fights that should fit the bill:

1. Mongoose vs Cobra: The mongoose has the quickness to catch the snake behind the head and kill it, but one wrong move can mean envenomation from the cobra's fangs.  Mongooses have built up a resistance to snake venom, but they aren't 100% safe.

2. Lions vs Cape Buffalo: The ill-tempered buffalo will violently swing its horns in an attempt to gore attacking lions, but the lions can succeed at overtaking one.

3. Tarantula vs Tarantula hawk: The tarantula is a huge spider that is sometimes preyed upon by the tarantula hawk (a type of wasp with a powerful sting).  If the wasp gets too close, it can be attacked by the spider, but if it can deliver its sting it's game over.

4. Leopard vs Baboon: Most one-on-one encounters with these two animals is a predator/prey relationship.  The leopard usually dominates, but the baboon's upper canines are long, sharp, and can cause grievous wounds to a leopard as it attacks.  The leopard is a solitary hunter, so it must be careful when dealing with this primate.

5. Lions vs Hyenas: This is a war of numbers.  No large land predator in Africa outnumbers the hyena.  Even a pride of lions can be threatened by a large clan of hyenas.  Hyenas are very durable animals with bone-crushing bites, so lions must be cautious when dealing with them.  Even though a lion or lioness will dominate a one-on-one fight, it can still receive injuries if it's not careful.

6. Polar bear vs Walrus:  Walruses can weigh over twice as much as a polar bear, and have 3ft tusks that can pose a threat to an attacking polar bear.  The walruses thick, tough hide is extremely hard to breech, and the polar bear must use persistence and patience to overcome one.  If the fight is on land, the polar bear has a chance to pull it off, but in the water the more maneuverable walrus has a decisive edge.

7. Siberian tiger vs Siberian Brown bear: These predatory titans are among the most formidable of land carnivores, and battles between them have gone both ways.  Usually the larger animal will have the advantage, but any conflict between these two can be perilous to both.  The tiger's claws & killing bite are prime weapons, as are the bear's powerful paws and strong bite.

8. Lion vs Crocodile: This is only competitive on land, and either party is capable of dispatching the other.  The lion must be careful when attacking a crocodile (the rule is usually mutual avoidance) because the extremely powerful jaws can capture a limb quite readily, and the lion will be in deep trouble if it can't readily free itself.  Lions that poke around a large crocodile are playing with fire.  A lion can certainly kill a crocodile, but it's very risky.  Crocodiles often try to steal kills from other animals, and doing so to a group of lions can be hazardous to the reptile.

9. Jaguar vs Anaconda: Jaguars occasionally prey on the anaconda, but it's a task that can be risky.  The jaguar instinctively knows to attack & bite the skull of the snake (which can dispatch it quickly), but a bite with poor precision can give the boa a chance to wrap its coils around the cat.  On land the danger for the cat is much less, but a fight in shallow water increases the likelihood for an error in judgement on the jaguar's part.  This is usually something the jaguar can handle efficiently, but it must be careful.

10. Tiger vs Wild boar: Tigers predate on wild boar, but this is dangerous prey.  The sharp tusks and tough hide of the boar make it a formidable adversary.  The tiger will try to control the movement of the boar with its paws and finish with a well-placed bite, but the possibility of being sliced by the boar's tusks is ever-present.

D: Best hunters of prey.  This is hard to determine, but I'll list the ones that should be considered.  Criteria will include more than just success rate, but method & effectiveness of the actual capturing of the prey.

1. Shark: Hunt by ambush; deliver a bite & retreat; wait for prey (usually seals or large fish) to expire.

2. Serval: Predate on birds & rodents.  Amazing agility enables it to skillfully capture fleeing rodents & leap high in the air to snare flying birds.

3. Cheetah: Will creep up close to prey, and explode with a burst of speed to run down the fastest gazelle.  Can reach close to 100kph in 3 seconds.  One drawback is its inability to defend its kill against large predators, but the capture of prey by this cat is amazing.

4. Tigers: Tigers are master hunters, and are superb at finishing a kill.  They can successfully overtake buffalo, mugger crocodiles, sambar deer, wild boar & more.

5. Lions: Lions are also adept at ambush, but the strategy employed by a hunting pride ensures plenty of successful outings.  Lionesses are great at teamwork, and the males join in on larger prey items at times.

6. Wolves: Packs of wolves can chase and wear down large prey (elk, moose, bison, etc.).  They cooperate in an attack to subdue the victim.  Wolves have great endurance, and are persistent hunters.

7. African wild dogs: Similar to wolves in predation methods, these canines will chase prey items a long distance and attack it en masse.  A couple of the dogs will hold the prey (wildebeest for one) in place, and the others will overcome it with well-timed bites.

8. Crocodile: The crocodile is also an ambush hunter. It will swim silently to the river's edge, its body hidden underneath the surface of the water.  As a potential prey item (wildebeest, zebra, kudu, etc.)comes to drink, the crocodile lunges toward it and snares it with its powerful jaws.  Its teeth act like cleats and grip the prey tightly in place.  The crocodile then pulls it into the water to drown.

9. Komodo Dragon: This 3-meter lizard will creep close to prey, then with a lunge bite it with a mouthful of teeth.  However, the teeth aren't the main source of the prey's concerns.  The bite of the Komodo dragon was once thought to carry deadly bacteria that, upon introduction to the blood stream of a prey item (buffalo, deer, boar), would slowly incapacitate the bitten animal.  The prey does indeed become incapacitated (at different times depending on the size of the bitten animal), but it is now believed the culprit is a toxin produced by the Komodo dragon and not so much the bacteria-filled saliva.  Once an animal is bitten, it will typically flee, but the giant lizard simply tracks it down and waits for it to expire.

10. Anacondas & Pythons: These snakes kill by constriction.  An ambush and a quick strike & bite (to create an anchoring point) by the anaconda/python is followed by the snake's body being coiled around the victim.  The squeezing is strong enough to interfere with the expansion of the lungs and the normal flow of blood through blood vessels.  Once wrapped up in the constrictor's coils, few animals have the means to escape.

Many others deserve to be on this list (king cobras, eagles, owls, octopi, dholes, spiders, ants, etc.).  There's a lot of great hunters out there!

E: Hyenas usually group together for most things, but occasionally spread out in search of potential prey/carcasses.  When one finds a potential meal, it alerts the others.  Where there is one hyena (even if it looks alone), there are several more in close proximity.  Hyenas will congregate at night, but spread out during the day (sometimes resulting in lone hyenas).  When male hyenas become adults, they usually break away on their own.  Re-joining another group at a future time is not uncommon.

F: Average group size (approximate)
grey wolves: probably around 10
african lions: probably around 15
asiatic lions: probably 10 or less
coyote: less than 10; maybe 7 or 8
asiatic wild dog: close to 10
african wild dog: more than 10, probably 11 or 12
cheetah coalition: 2
dingo: 7 or 8
spotted hyena: 40 or more

G: Fights

2 average grey wolves vs average cougar: In a normal confrontation, the cougar wolf be able to fend off the wolves well enough to make them look elsewhere.  The cougar would be too much for the wolves to handle as long as it was fresh (quickness & claws), and it could take one wolf out early and remove the numbers advantage.  Wolves are good at teamwork, and with persistance can fatigue the cat.  Close to 50/50.

average snow leopardess vs average arabian leopard: The average snow leopardess would actually weigh more than a maximum-sized Arabian leopard.  Pound-for-pound the Arabian leopard might have a slight edge, but it won't weigh enough to win here.

average indian wolf vs average dhole/dingo: The Indian wolf would be heavier (over 30% more) than the dhole/dingo.  At equal weights these contests would be close, but the wolf is too big here.

4 average spotted hyenas vs average male lion: The hyenas will pose a challenge, but they won't prevail.  A male lion is too dangerous and well-suited for battle.  The lion's quickness, agility, and powerful swipes will prove effective against the hyenas' assault, and his ability to seriously injure them in a short amount of time will prove to be the difference.

5. average clouded leopard/eurasian lynx vs average peccary:  The clouded leopard has the agility and the dangerous bite to pull this off, but it will weigh about 60% of the peccary's weight (if we use a collared peccary).  The cat can win with an ambush (to get a favorable position), but it will be slightly outmatched face-to-face.  The lynx will be close to the peccary's weight, but it will also find itself a little outmatched.  The tusks and quick lunges of the peccary (and its tough hide) will be hard for the lynx to avoid in the first few moments of the fight.  The lynx can win, but it's not favored.

6. average clouded leopard vs average cassowary: It will be a dangerous task, but the clouded leopard can do this with the proper attack.  It will need to immediately leap upon the bird (to avoid the deadly kicks) and hang on long enough to bring it to the ground or sink its sharp canines into its neck.  Whether or not the cat will actually do this isn't certain, but it should have the ability to avoid the kicks and eventually bring the cassowary down.  It can lose if it's not careful, though.

7. average game-bred APBT vs average peccary: The pitbull will be a bit smaller, but it has the attributes to win.  The American pitbull terrier is a strong, fearless, and relentless fighter with wide, strong jaws.  It will rush immediately to the peccary and secure a neck or snout bite, and it won't let go.  The peccary will have a small amount of time to deliver a tusk thrust into the dog's body, but once the dog clamps on, its options will be limited.  Peccaries are tough and won't go down easy, but the APBT will not let up until it wears the peccary down.  The dog should win this most of the time.

H: Equal-sized fights
caracal vs cougar: Cougars are more powerfully built than caracals.  The caracal will put up a fierce fight, but it will be outmatched.

canadian lynx vs brown bear: The lynx is fierce & fast, but it won't have the means to seriously injure the bear before it gets injured itself.  The bear will be stronger & stockier, and its paw swipes will be more powerful than the lynx's.  The lynx would need a decent weight advantage to win this.

APBT vs striped hyena: The striped hyena will have the stronger bite, but its build will not be as strong.  The American pitbull terrier will attempt to rush in and grab a throat or nose bite, but the hyena will likely counter with a bite of its own.  The pitbull won't let up, and should be able to eventually wear the striped hyena down.  The dog may have the leverage to employ a bite-and-shake method on the hyena, and this would probably lead to the pitbull's victory.  The striped hyena has the tools to repel a APBT's attack, and it can win this, but the odds are against it.

striped hyena vs brown hyena: Close fight at parity.  Both are fierce, and the striped hyena is famous for being confrontational (even with leopards), but the brown hyena has a more solid head & jaw area.  Almost 50/50; slight edge to the brownie.

gorilla vs chimpanzee: At equal weight these 2 would be comparable in strength, but the gorilla has a more robust build and teeth better suited for causing damage with a bite (strong bite force).  The gorilla's arms would be thicker and likely be able to be swung with more force.  The chimp would be a bit more agile, though.  Actually a close fight, but the edge goes to the gorilla.

Best regards.

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Hello again,
Thanks for fast reply.
(a)About question C I have asked about tiger vs tiger,bear vs bear and so on.Can you now answer my question C?
(b)Can you give me the probability of seeing a dhole in bandhavgarh national park?
(c)Assume each animal is average.Fights:
1.labrador vs Australian cattle dog
2.Norwegian elkhound vs Australian cattle dog
3.boxer vs doberman
4.akita vs giant anteater
5.aardwolf vs black backed jackal
6.clouded leopard vs APBT
7.boxer vs AWD
8.dhole vs norwegian elkhound
9.dingo vs australian shepherd
10.bull mastiff vs rottweiler
11.dogo argentino vs rottweiler
12.margay vs red fox
13.two black backed jackal vs honey badger
(d)Do ratels live in india?
(e)equal sized match up: backed jackal vs side striped jackal
2.dhole vs indian wolf
3.aardwolf vs maned wolf
4.bison vs sun bear
5.zebra vs bighorn sheep
6.mountain goat vs giant eland
7.cape buffalo vs gray wolf
8.gaur vs peccary
9.snow leopard vs sun bear

Hello Mukul.

A: Battles between animals of the same species can be dangerous at times.  With the weaponry and power certain ones possess, is easy to see how the risk to each animal can exist, but these confrontations are rarely fatal.  In most fights, once a dominant individual emerges, the other one gives way and the fight is over.  Many of these may be male vs female.  Some animals that aren't commonly thought of in species vs species (like rodents, birds, fish, etc.) could certainly be included.  Here is a list of ten of the most dangerous species vs species conflicts (mainly based on aggression + weaponry):

1. Hippopotamus vs Hippopotamus: Hippos have large tusks that can cause large wounds quite easily.  Their sheer aggression makes an injury to either party likely.

2. Elk vs Elk: The actual fight may be dangerous, but the unique shape of the elk's antlers adds another dimension of risk because they can become interlocked.  If the two cervids are unable to separate their antlers, both parties will likely starve.

3. Lion vs Lion: Male lions will fight other male lions for the right to oversee a group of females, and the fighting can be fierce.  There is a lot at stake, and the claws and teeth can cause serious injuries.

4. Grizzly bear vs Grizzly bear: This may be an intrusive male vs a female defending cubs.  The strong build of the bears coupled with the long claws can be a dangerous combination.

5. Elephant vs Elephant: Usually these are not serious, but if one of the pachyderms is in musth, the aggression (and the risk) is heightened.

6. Oryx vs Oryx: The horns of the oryx are long, sharp, and sometimes straight.  Even during a show of dominance, an inadvertent injury may occur, and one animal may be impaled.

7. Rhinoceros vs Rhinoceros: The incredible power each rhino possesses, coupled with a long front horn, can be a risk to both animals.

8. Leopard vs Leopard: Territorial fights between males can be intense, and the sharp claws (front and back) can cause injury due to the speed and recklessness at which they're employed.  The same is true with any cat from tiger to lynx; even a short battle can cause a random but serious injury.

9. Mountain goat vs Mountain goat: Fights are usually not serious, but can be aggressive & intense at times.  The horns of an angry goat can be formidable.

10. Chimpanzee vs Chimpanzee: Males from rival troops fight at times, and death can result.

B: Dholes in Bandhavgarh
Dholes typically live in large groups, and prefer the forested areas.  They eat many of the same prey items tigers do, so where you see a tiger, you may likely see dholes (even though they react aggressive toward one another).  Tigers are very commonly seen in Bandhavgarh National Park.  Supposedly there is one pack of dholes that frequents the central area of the park, but I'm not sure of its size or if other packs frequent the area.  Based on typical pack size and the boldness of these animals, I'd say the chances of seeing a dhole are greater than 50%.

C: Fights
average labrador vs average Australian cattle dog: Labradors are usually laid-back dogs that get along well with people and other dogs.  The cattle dog may be a bit more combative in comparison, but it will only weigh about 70% of the labrador's weight.  Labrador wins.

average Norwegian elkhound vs average Australian cattle dog: These 2 will weigh about the same.  The Elkhound has a more robust build, but the cattle dog has more spunk.  Close contest, but I'd give the edge to the Australian cattle dog.

average boxer vs average doberman: Both are compact and muscular.  The Doberman will have a slight weight advantage here.  The Boxer has the better build for this (overall), but not the temperament.  Edge to the Doberman.

average akita vs average giant anteater: The Akita will be close in size to the anteater.  The Akita is a heavy, well-balanced dog with square jaws.  It will try to grab onto the anteater with its jaws, but this won't be easy.  Anteaters are armed with long, sharp claws that can cause serious damage to an opponent.  They usually raise up to better swipe with these claws, and are adept at facing their attackers (usually jaguars & pumas).  The Akita can win with a well-placed bite, but it will probably not know how to properly avoid the anteater's claws.  Anteater wins on most occasions.

average aardwolf vs average black-backed jackal: The average Black-backed jackal will be about 30% heavier, and is much more aggressive.  These jackals deal with other carnivores on a regular basis and are no strangers to conflict.  The aardwolf looks like a small hyena, but it's body and jaws aren't nearly on the same level.  Jackal wins.

average clouded leopard vs average APBT: The American Pitbull Terrier can be a formidable foe for anything in its weight range if it's bred for fighting.  It is very strong, relentless, and can fight through injuries.  One of the animals that is capable of competing with it is the clouded leopard.  The cat will be slightly smaller here, but its agility will enable it to place a good bite with its long upper canines on many occasions.  The clouded leopard will have to solve the problem of having a stocky dog latched onto it (and probably shaking its jaws back-and-forth with a lot of force), and it's endurance will wane before the dog's will.  If the clouded leopard can manage to sink in a bite in a vital area in the early stages of the fight, it can certainly dispatch the dog, but most of the time it will succumb to injury before it can pull this off.  A regular pet APBT won't be favored here, but a game-bred one will.

average boxer vs average African wild dog: These 2 will be close in weight, but the wild dog holds several advantages.  It is battle-tested (commonly dealing with other predators and large herbivores), has a strong bite, and is very nimble.  The boxer might be able to hang on for a few moments, but the African wild dog is favored here.

average dhole vs average Norwegian elkhound: Dholes are very aggressive canids capable of tackling large prey items when hunting in a group.  A Norwegian Elkhound is quite tame in comparison, and its 25% weight advantage will not come into play here.  The  quicker dhole will know what it's doing and outwork the Elkhound with little trouble.

average dingo vs average Australian shepherd: The dingo is a wild animal, and that's usually an advantage in itself against an animal that is not.  For a domestic dog to defeat a wild one, it needs either a size advantage or a high level of fighting prowess.  The dingo will weigh about 2/3rd the weight of the Australian Shepherd, but it is a much more practiced combatant.  The dingo will have a better idea of how to prevail than the shepherd, and it gets the nod here.

average bullmastiff vs average rottweiler: The Bullmastiff might be slightly heavier.  Both dogs are muscular and have strong bites, but the Bullmastiff will have more success latching on with its powerful jaws (this breed was originally 40% Bulldog).  The Rottweiler might be a bit more aggressive, and this will be a close fight, but the Bullmastiff has the edge.

average dogo argentino vs rottweiler: This will be a decent contest, but only because the Rottweiler will have about a 30% size advantage.  Dogos are great fighters, and are used to track wild boar and aid in its capture.  Dogo Argentinos are powerful dogs adept at grabbing and holding with their jaws.  Rottweilers are aggressive and have a strong bite, but they are a cut below Dogos when it comes to fighting.  Slight edge to the smaller Dogo Argentino.

average margay vs average red fox: Margays, on average, are much smaller than red foxes.  A red fox can be almost 3 times as heavy, and none of the cat's physical advantages (agility, quickness, claws) will be enough to close the gap.  The fox's bite will be too much at these weights.

2 average black-backed jackals vs average honey badger: A honey badger is slightly heavier than a jackal.  Jackals are great at teamwork, and will try to nip at the badger from different sides.  However, the honey badger has thick, tough skin that makes it difficult to injure and can dish out its own offense with sharp claws, aggressiveness, and a strong bite.  The honey badger will have to avoid falling into the jackal's scheme of wearing it out with quick bites, and counter by trying to take out one jackal at a time while its hide protects it from the bites of the other one.  This battle might take a while, but the honey badger should be able to hold its own.  It might not succeed in killing the jackals, but it can give them enough resistance to eventually repel them.

D: Ratels in India
The ratel's territory certainly extends well into India, but sightings are rare.

E: Equal-sized matchups

black-backed jackal vs side-striped jackal: The side-striped jackal is more omnivorous than other jackals, and it's not as combative or aggressive as the black-backed jackal.  Black-backed jackal should win this.

dhole vs indian wolf: Close fight, but the Indian wolf's bigger bite will trump the slight advantage in aggressiveness the dhole has.  Edge to Indian wolf.

aardwolf vs maned wolf: The aardwolf primarily eats termites and other soft-bodied creatures.  It's jaws aren't made for effective biting in a conflict.  The maned wolf is slender (looks more like a fox than a wolf), but it has jaws that are more combat-effective than the aardwolf's.  Maned wolf wins.

bison vs sun bear: Sun bears aren't accustomed to tackling similar-sized herbivores that fight back.  Their aggressiveness and sharp claws give them a chance, but the robust bison will be hard to deal with when it starts ramming and goring with its horns.  Edge to bison.

zebra vs bighorn sheep: Zebras are more aggressive than bighorn sheep, and are more battle-tested against various predators.  The bighorn can use its horns as a battering ram, but the zebra's bites and strong kicks will inevitably find their mark.  Good contest, but the zebra has the edge.

mountain goat vs giant eland: At equal weights the mountain goat will have a stockier build, and a more solid head and neck area.  The horns of the eland will be longer, but they aren't positioned quite as well as the goat's to do damage at close quarters.  The mountain goat's higher level of aggression will aid it as well, and it should prevail here most of the time.   

cape buffalo vs gray wolf: Grey wolves are capable of bringing down larger prey solo, and even though the Cape buffalo is a very combative animal, the wolf should be able to avoid the horns, get a solid bite it, and hang on tight.  It won't be easy, and the wolf isn't guaranteed to escape serious injury, but it should be able to bring the bovid down on most occasions.

gaur vs peccary: Gaurs are well-muscled, powerful bovids.  At equal weights they would be stronger than a peccary, and their horns could be utilized with more force and effectiveness than the peccary's tusks.  The peccary will be quicker and be able to get some slashes in, but the gaur's offense will be a little too strong for it.  I would probably favor an equal-sized wild boar to defeat a gaur, but I don't consider the peccary to be on par (pound-for-pound) with a wild boar (shorter tusks; less robust).

snow leopard vs sun bear: The snow leopard is a powerful hunter, and has agility and quickness on its side.  Sun bears can fight fiercely with their paws & sharp claws.  Good fight at even weights, but the snow leopard's ability to get into an advantageous position will give it the edge.  Its experience at finishing prey will aid it in the conflict with this bear.

Best regards.  

Interspecies Conflict

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Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.


From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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