Interspecies Conflict/Top 10

Advertisement


Question
QUESTION: Hello BK,
1.Can you rank top 10 most strongest cats(if the weights were equal) in terms of defeating each other?(All large to small sized cats)
2.Can you rank top 10 most strongest dogs(if the weights were equal)
in terms of defeating each other?(All wild as well as domestic dogs)
3.Which of these animals will try its best to avoid a fight with each other?
warthog or spotted hyena
striped hyena or Puma
Puma or Gray wolf
Asiatic Lion or Bengal tiger
4.All animals are average sized.Fight:
Musk ox vs Lioness
Lioness vs Sumatran tiger
Cheetah vs Trained GSD
Trained Beauceron vs Trained Akita
Trained Siberian Husky vs Pet Boxer
Snow leopard vs Female Leopard/cougar
5.All animals are equal sized.Fights:
Beauceron vs Doberman vs Akita vs Boxer
Wild boar vs Bear
Wild boar vs Great one horned Rhino
Black Rhino vs White Rhino
Indochinese tiger vs South China tiger
6.Whose bite force will be more?
wolverine or coyote
AWD or Akita
Labrador or Australian cattle dog
7.Lastly what is your favourite dog breed?

Thanks

ANSWER: Hello Mukul.

1. Top ten strongest cats (if weights are equal)
Jaguar
Lion
Tiger
Leopard
Snow Leopard
Puma
Clouded Leopard
Caracal
Bobcat
Golden Cat (African & Asian)
Lynx

Leopard & tiger are very close, snow Leopard & puma are very close, caracal & bobcat & golden cat & lynx are very close.


2. Strongest dog breeds (if weights are equal)
American Pit Bull Terrier
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Grey Wolf
Tosa Inu
American Bulldog
Gull Terr
Presa Canario
Gull Dong
Bull Terrier
Kangal

APBT & Staffy are close, wolf & Tosa & Ambull are close, Kangal could be replaced by several dogs including Bully Kutta, Caucasian Ovcharka, Cental Asian Ovcharka, Boerboel, Dogo Argentino, Cane Corso, and possibly a few others.  Many mixed breeds could be considered as well.  African wild dogs aren't far off, either.


3. Fight avoidance

warthog or spotted hyena: Only a desperately hungry hyena would attempt to tackle a warthog solo, and it probably wouldn't go well.  Warthogs are usually much larger, and their tusks & mobility will cause serious problems for the hyena.  When these animals meet one-on-one, the usual result is the warthog driving the hyena away if it gets too close.

striped hyena or puma: This really depends on what's at stake.  The puma may shy away if it thinks others are nearby, but if it is sure the hyena is alone, it will not back down.  Striped hyenas can be aggressive & confrontational, but so can pumas.  The puma will be twice as big, and the striped hyena will be wise to not push the issue.  In most cases the puma will successfully drive the striped hyena away.

puma or grey wolf: This is similar to the above scenario.  If the puma knows it's one-on-one (with no other wolves around), it will dominate the encounter and drive the wolf away.  The wolf may be persistent if it knows backup is on the way, but it won't readily tangle with a cougar solo.  Single pumas have killed single wolves, and the wolf knows this.

asiatic lion or bengal tiger: The tiger will typically be larger, and this would be a deciding factor if the 2 cats happen to cross paths.  If the lion is defending territory or food, it will likely stand its ground.  Most meetings with similar-sized cats of different species will result in aggressive displays, and a physical confrontation will likely occur.  Unless the size difference is too great, these cats will likely have a mutual interest in attacking one another.


4. Average-sized fights

muskox vs lioness: The muskox will weigh a little over twice as much as the lioness.  Muskoxen usually employ the same ramming techniques as bison, but also will try to hook & toss with their horns if they can.  Lionesses, however, are agile enough to avoid most charges by the bovid, and are well-practiced at dealing with ungulates (including Cape buffalo & eland).  Muskoxen appear to be very robust & solid, but their shaggy coats exaggerate this perception somewhat (a shaved muskox wouldn't look as imposing).  This would be a close fight.  The muskox could probably keep the lioness at bay and even drive it away most of the time, but a determined lioness will be able to get around the bovid's defenses and leap upon its back.  If she can hold on tight and secure a throat bite, she can win.  Muskoxen usually defend themselves as a group (they form a circle or herd members with heads facing out).  Close to 50/50.

lioness vs sumatran tiger: The average lioness will have enough of a size advantage to grant it the victory.  It would be close at similar weights, but the lioness here will weight 20-30% more.  Lioness wins.

cheetah vs trained german shepherd: Cheetahs are built for acceleration & speed.  Fighting is not their forte, and they will back down from conflict with animals smaller than themselves.  The cheetah would probably have the size and killing know-how to control & subdue a non-trained German Shepherd, but a trained one will pose problems.  The dog will rush in with its jaws ready and force the cheetah quickly defend itself.  The cheetah will tire quickly if the battle doesn't end quickly, but it will have a decent size advantage.  The cheetah can prevail if it aggressively tries to finish the fight, but on most occasions it will be forced to flee.  Slight edge to the German Shepherd in a realistic encounter; edge to the cheetah in a hypothetical fight to the finish.

trained beauceron vs trained akita: Akitas are better suited for fighting than Beaucerons, but the Beauceron won't back down.  Akitas can get larger as well, and that would also make a difference.  Akita wins.

trained siberian husky vs pet boxer: Boxers are physically more imposing (overall) than the Siberian Husky, but the training will make a huge difference.  The trained Husky will know exactly what to do, and the Boxer will probably be caught off-guard.  Both can win, but the Husky will be favored.

snow leopard vs female cougar/leopard: The snow leopard will be larger than the 2 female cats, and will have the edge in these fights based on that.  At equal weights I would favor the female leopard over the snow leopard, but the snow leopard would edge out the female cougar.  In these scenarios the snow leopard will weigh around 20-25% more, and that will be too much weight for the female cats to overcome.


5. Equal-sized fights

beauceron vs doberman vs akita vs boxer: I would rank these Akita, Boxer, Beauceron, & Doberman if all participants were eager to fight.  Realistically, however, the Boxer might back down to the more aggressive Beauceron & Doberman if it's not trained, but a determined Boxer will have more physical advantages.  The Akita is a cut above the other dogs, but all of these fights will be tough.

wild boar vs bear: The type of bear we use will make a difference.  Brown bears & polar bears are pound-for-pound more formidable than black bears, sloth bears, spectacled bears, and sun bears.  Boars have tough hides and dangerous tusks, and the bear will need to use its front paws to control the head of the boar to keep from getting slashed.  The bear can use its bite from this position to wear down the boar, and its endurance will serve it well in a prolonged battle.  The bear's paws & claws can be used offensively, but the risk of receiving tusk injuries is greater if the boar's head is not controlled.  Wild boars are a tough opponent for most animals at parity, but the polar bear & brown bear will have the strength & killing know-how to pull this off.  Black bears would have a slight edge over an equal-sized wild boar, but it could really go either way.  Sloth bears & sun bears are aggressive and have sharp claws, but they would have some trouble dealing with a wild boar.  The bears have the physical attributes to do well, but they don't have the experience with an opponent like this.  I would probably call it a close contest with these bears against the suid; edge to the boar.  Spectacled bears aren't accustomed to dealing with large, mobile prey items (they mostly eat plants & fruit), and would probably lose to an equal-sized wild boar the majority of the time.

wild boar vs greater one-horned rhino: At equal weights the rhino will be stronger & more robust.  It will be able to generate more power with its charges, and will overpower the boar.

black rhino vs white rhino: These are the 2 most formidable rhinoceroses pound-for-pound, but the black rhino's level of aggression is much higher.  It's close, but the black rhino has the edge.

indochinese tiger vs south china tiger: Not enough difference between these 2 to assign an advantage either way; would depend on the individuals.


6. Bite force

wolverine or coyote: Wolverines have very powerful jaws that are able to crunch through frozen meat and bone.  Its bite force is greater than the coyote's.

african wild dog or akita: The Akita looks stockier and had a solid head & neck area, but the African wild dog has evolved to have a bite force adequate enough to grab large prey items and hang on tight.  The wild dog's bite force is greater.

labrador or australian cattle dog: Not sure about this one, but the Labrador Retriever gets around 45% larger.  It bite force, in absolute terms, is probably greater.  In equal-sized animals it would probably be comparable, but I would give the nod to the cattle dog due to a muscular head area.


7. My favorite dog breed is the Caucasian Ovcharka.  It is huge & fluffy (almost bear-like!) and has the most beautiful, adorable puppies of any breed (in my humble opinion).  I also like Sarplaninacs, Presa Canarios, German Shepherds, & Siberian Huskies (and several others).  Of the smaller dog breeds, I have a fondness for the Pembroke Corgi, but my favorite breeds are the larger ones.


Best regards.

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Hello again,
1.Average sized animal fights:
African Lion vs Bengal Tiger
Bob cat vs Arabian Wolf
Chinkara vs Thomson Gazelle
Fennec Fox vs Royal Antelope
Vechur Cow vs Sun bear
Sand cat vs Pudu
Dwarf sperm whale vs Bottle nose dolphin(in deep water)
American Black Bear vs Bull Shark(in 3ft shallow water)
African Lion vs American Black Bear(in 2ft deep water)
Puma vs Anaconda(no water nearby and no ambush)
Giant Otter vs Clouded Leopard
(2)It is a lion vs lion fight.I will give you details about each individual.Then which lion will win?
(a)170 kg 4 year old lion vs 160 kg 6 year old lion
(b)163 kg 2 year old lion vs 160 kg 12 year old lion
(c)160 kg aggressive lion vs 160 kg experienced lion
(d)160 kg aggressive lion vs 160 kg stronger lion
(3)Are cheetahs or Cougars or Lynxes good swimmer?
(4)Who will you personally favour if any deer or antelope weighted same?
(5)Each animal is equal sized.
Ratel vs Clouded Leopard vs Puma
Snow leopard vs Wolverine
Dhole vs Chamca Baboon
American Pitbull terrier vs Grizzly Bear

Thank you

ANSWER: Hello again Mukul.

1. Average-sized animal fights

african lion vs bengal tiger: At equal weights these animals are close, but the tiger will have enough of a weight advantage here to favor it.

bobcat vs arabian wolf: The Arabian wolf will be somewhat larger, and will have a bigger bite & better endurance.  The bobcat will have claws & agility as its main assets, but it will not have enough size to be favored.  It can drive the wolf away in a realistic confrontation, but a determined wolf should be able to win (but it will have injuries).  Slight edge to the Arabian wolf.

chinkara vs thompson's gazelle: Both have similar builds, but the Thompson's gazelle gets heavier and has a slightly more impressive set of horns.  Thompson's gazelle wins.

fennec fox vs royal antelope: The fennec fox deals with very small prey, and the royal antelope is over twice as heavy as the fox.  However, the fox's small bite won't have great effect against the antelope, and the antelope's small horns won't come into play against the quicker fox.  These 2 would not have a reason to attack one another, and even if they did have a reason to rumble, they wouldn't have the know-how to use their weaponry well enough to make any impact.  The royal antelope has the size to favor it if a winner must be picked, but this is closer to a stalemate.

vechur cow vs sun bear: The cow will be twice the weight of the bear.  Vechur cows have small horns that curve downward.  They aren't as formidable pound-for-pound as many larger bovids, but their horns could still be used to keep the sun bear at bay if it tried to attack.  The sun bear's paws & claws could be used to hold off the charging bovid some of the time, and its aggression would probably give it the advantage if the 2 animals had a disagreement.  They probably couldn't subdue each other outright, but the feistier sun bear would get the nod in a realistic encounter.

sand cat vs pudu: The Southern pudu is over twice the size of the Northern pudu, and the Northern pudu is a little bit heavier than the sand cat.  Sand cats usually target small rodents, and would have little success in tackling a pudu.  The Southern pudu would be too large, and the cat would be a mere annoyance, but the pudu couldn't really do anything to the sand cat.  The smaller Northern pudu would still be to large for the cat to predate on, but if the 2 engaged in combat the best they knew how, the sand cat would have the tools to get the better of the confrontation.  They really couldn't do much of anything to each other.  I would favor the larger pudu against the cat, but would favor the cat against the smaller pudu.

dwarf sperm whale vs bottlenose dolphin (in deep water): The bottlenose dolphin is almost twice as heavy as the dwarf sperm whale.  The dolphin could ram the smaller whale and cause trouble for it.  Dolphin wins.

american black bear vs bull shark (in 3ft of water): Both animals will be about the same weight, and will have respective hindrances in 3ft of water.  If the bear is on all fours, the water will over its shoulders.  The bull shark will be able to move laterally, but will have no significant room to move up or down.  There's not really a depth that can really make this a fair fight (the bear will have a tougher time than the shark).  The bear, despite being very strong, won't be able to mount a good offense because the struggle to control & subdue the fish will put the mammal's head under the water most of the time.  The shark's bite can cause serious wounds to the bear if the right areas are targeted, so it probably would be favored here.  Odd fight, but edge to the shark.

african lion vs american black bear (2ft of water): The 2ft of water won't hinder either animal enough to make this much different from a land battle.  The sizes will be similar (top-end weights favor the bear; average weights favor the lion), but the battle-tested lion will have the agility to assume the position it wants throughout most of this fight.  Lions are better at taking on large opponents, and it should edge the bear here.  Lion wins.

puma vs anaconda (on land; no ambush): Anacondas are poor fighters on land (lack of decent endurance & mobility).  The puma has the agility to avoid the anaconda's attacks, and the weaponry to eventually overcome the boa.  The anaconda isn't without hope, but these snakes won't do well against a large, mobile opponent without the benefit of ambush.  Puma wins.

giant otter vs clouded leopard: Giant otters have a decent bite, but it will be outmatched on land here.  The clouded leopard is smaller, but its agility will enable it to get into a good position to land a bite with its long upper canines.  The otter would need to be in the water to compete.  Clouded leopard wins.


2. Lion fights

170kg 4yr old lion vs 160kg 6yr old lion: The 4yr old will just be arriving at maturity, and the 6yr old one will be beyond maturity & more experienced.  The weight difference won't matter; the 6yr old wins.

163kg 2yr old lion vs 160kg 12yr old lion:  The 2yr old lion will be too young to compete with the fighting experience of a 12yr old lion.  12yr old lion wins.

160kg aggressive lion vs 160kg experienced lion:  The experienced lion will not be thrown off its game by the aggressive lion.  Aggression helps some of the time, but here it won't be enough.  Experienced lion wins.

160kg aggressive lion vs 160kg stronger lion:  This depends on how much stronger the second lion is.  In a normal encounter, the aggressive lion might make the stronger lion flee, but a serious fight would favor the stronger lion.


3. Are cheetahs, cougars, and lynxes good swimmers?  These cats are good swimmers, but not as good as cats that enjoy/frequent the water (tiger & jaguar).  These cats usually don't need to go across bodies of water, so it isn't their strong suit.  Their stamina in the water isn't good, but they will swim if they have to.


4. deer vs antelope (equal size): Antelopes are from the family Bovidae (which also includes goats & buffalo), and deer are from the family Cervidae.  This really depends on which species of each you use.  A moose would probably defeat an eland at equal weights, but a sable antelope would probably defeat a mule deer at equal weights (some of this has to do with weaponry; some of it is strength).  A white-tailed deer and a pronghorn antelope are probably comparable in strength and fighting ability (if at at equal weights).  Depending on what species you use, it could go either way.


5. Equal-sized animal fights

ratel vs clouded leopard: Close fight.  The ratel has very tough skin, and it will be able to take what the clouded leopard can dish out better than the clouded leopard can take what the ratel dishes out.  However, the clouded leopard has long upper canines (almost like a small sabre-toothed cat) that can be used to end the fight quickly if effectively employed.  The clouded leopard's ability to finish is better than the ratel's, but the time it might take to land the perfect bite might be after the cat fatigues (or has enough of the ratel's offense).  At average weights the clouded leopard would be favored, but at equal weights I would slightly favor the ratel on most encounters.   

ratel vs puma: This would be similar to the ratel/clouded leopard matchup, but the puma is slightly stronger than the clouded leopard.  The puma's trump card is its ability to finish.  In a normal, realistic encounter, the ratel would probably drive the puma away, but a determined puma would be able to secure a finishing throat bite before its endurance expired.  Not an easy fight at all for the puma, but it would have the slight edge over an equal-sized ratel.

clouded leopard vs puma: The clouded leopard has a more formidable bite at equal weights, but the puma is a little more impressive physically.  The positioning/paw swipes would favor the puma, and it would edge out the clouded leopard more times than not.  Close fight, though.

snow leopard vs wolverine: Another close fight.  The wolverine is strong and fierce, and its powerful bite and sharp claws are great weapons. It is also durable, and probably has greater endurance than the cat.  The snow leopard has greater agility & quickness than the mustelid, and is used to tackling prey much larger than itself on a regular basis.  The biggest advantage the snow leopard will have (just like the puma in the ratel matchup) is the ability to finish.  The wolverine is one tough customer, but the snow leopard would be slightly favored.

dhole vs chacma baboon: The baboon's ability to use its hands and cause quick, serious wounds with its sharp upper canines will give it the edge over most canids in its weight range.  It will have greater overall mobility & comparable agility, and will have the ability to neutralize the dhole's bite long enough to launch its own attack.  If the dhole is fortunate enough to land a solid neck bite early on it has a chance, but the odds are against it.  The baboon will win this on most occasions.

american pitbull terrier vs grizzly bear: The APBT is a powerful, formidable dog that can hold its own against anything in its weight range (if it is game-bred).  An equal-sized grizzly bear, however, will give it a run for its money.  The pitbull will rush in and grab the bear on the throat or snout, and will try to shake its head to rip with its teeth.  The dog's muscular body will give it leverage to do this with violent force, and few animals can launch an effective counter-attack once this action has begun.  The bear is one animal that has the tools to fight back.  Bears are durable and will fight effectively even if they are injured.  The long, sharp claws on the bear's powerful front legs can cause massive injuries to the dog in a short amount of time.  The bear's paws can control the pitbull's body and enable it to bite the canid (unless the dog's bite is latched onto an area of the bear that prevents this).  A lot depends on where the APBT's bite latches onto, but the bear's claws should be able to inflict enough damage to subdue the dog on most occasions before the bear succumbs to its injuries.  Endurance won't be an advantage for either animal, but the dog has one weapon (bite) and the bear has two (jaws & paws).  Slight edge to the bear, but could go either way.


Best regards.

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Hello again BK,
1.According to you which cat`s claws are best if their size were equal.
2.Can you rate these cat`s claws deadliness out of 100,if they were all in same size.
Lion
Tiger
Jaguar
Cougar
Leopard
Cheetah
Snow leopard
Eurasian Lynx
Clouded Leopard
Caracal
Serval
Asian Golden cat
Ocelot
Fishing Cat
Leopard cat

Thank you

Answer
Hello Mukul.

1. Evolution has given each cat the best claws for its survival.  Lions and tigers, for instance, have long, sharp claws perfectly made for gripping prey (to hold it in place for a bite or to pull it down) or for defense (with front paw swipes or back paw kicks).  Clouded leopards also have long, sharp claws that are perfect for expertly climbing  trees.  Cheetahs have non-retractable claws that serve as cleats to grip the ground for quick acceleration & fast running.  Changing the claws on any cat would make them less suitable for the purpose they serve.

2. If you mean deadliness in terms of combat with another animal (swiping or gripping), the bodies the claws are attached to would have to be considered because many of these claws are very similar animal-to-animal.  Taking in consideration the strength & quickness of each cat (as well as paw usage), I'll rate them the best I can:

Lion: 100
Tiger: 100
Jaguar: 100
Cougar: 100
Leopard: 100
Cheetah: 70
Snow leopard: 100
Eurasian lynx: 85
Clouded leopard: 90
Caracal: 85
Serval: 75
Asian golden cat: 85
Ocelot: 80
Fishing cat: 85
Leopard cat: 75

Best regards.

Interspecies Conflict

All Answers


Answers by Expert:


Ask Experts

Volunteer


BK

Expertise

Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.

Experience

From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Education/Credentials
Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

©2016 About.com. All rights reserved.