Interspecies Conflict/ultimate animal ecosystem
(a)Lets say again i am going to make a hypothetical ecosystem.The habitat is that:
Savannah in the south ,not much trees.In the northeast a swampy like area.In the north dense forest.In the northwest is a grassland.As we go more in the northern region the altitude will increase but the forests would last until 3000 m.After 3000 m it will become more rocky and colder.There will be 2 or 3 lakes in the forest,1 lake in the savannah which will ultimately dried up in the hot summer days of savannah. There will a river flowing from savannah through forest,grassland of northwest until the swampy area.Lets say the temperature is suitable for all animals.
The vegetation is suitable for all omnivores and herbivores.This ecosystem is bounded by a fence so that no animal can escape. That`s why all animals have to survive.Now we are going to put these animals:
Carnivores:leopard,cougar,bengal tiger,lion,eurasian lynx,clouded leopard,ocelot,snow leopard ,cheetah ,jaguar ,caracal ,serval ,asian golden cat ,dhole ,dingo ,gray wolf ,african wild dog ,coyote ,black backed jackal ,red fox ,woverine ,brown bear ,american black bear ,nile crocodile ,other venomous snakes, anaconda.
Herbivores:all gazelles of africa ,spotted deer ,white tailed deer ,elk ,moose ,sambhar ,hog deer ,black buck ,mouse or rabbits or birds ,bison ,gaur ,cape buffalo ,capybara.
Can you give a brief note on each animal that how will he survive in this ecosystem.Give informations like its diet, interaction with other animals and other herbivores.
(b)Which animal will try its best to avoid a fight with each other:
1.striped hyena or gray wolf
2.wolverine or american pitbull terrier
3.leopard or cougar
4.sun bear or gray wolf
1.2 average gray wolf vs a. sun bear
2.2 a. gray wolf vs 80 kg hyena
3.2 a. coyote vs a. springbok
(d)Which animal can run faster (i want a definite ans,even if you don`t know)?
1.red fox or grizzly bear or spanish fighting bull or gsd
2.black rhino or bison
3.giraffe or baboon or jaguar
THANK YOU SO MUCH!
A. Hypothetical Ecosystem
leopard: Will frequent trees in savannah, avoid tiger, lion, jaguar, brown bear. Will attack smaller, weaker predators. Must be wary of crocodiles & anacondas near water. Will eat small-to-medium herbivores (ones it can catch); will avoid bison, buffalo, gaur, & moose.
cougar: Same as the leopard, but will hang out in areas where trees provide cover.
bengal tiger: Will hang out in forest, grassland, & swamps. Will be a danger to every other animal. Will only be challenged by brown bears, lions, & crocodiles, and may avoid them on most occasions. Will attack any herbivore it can catch, but ambush will be necessary with bison, gaur, buffalo, & larger moose. Will, as most cats, give venomous snakes a wide berth.
lion: Will be the dominant group in this ecosystem. Will hang out on savannahs and close to water sources. As a group, they will be unchallenged and capable of successfully hunting every animal (will have trouble with a large brown bear). Speedy animals (cheetahs, gazelles, some deer) will usually be safe, but can still be captured by ambush.
eurasian lynx: Forests, grasslands, mountainous areas at moderate elevations. Will avoid larger predators at all costs, but will probably have to engage wolverines, dholes, dingoes, wolves, & coyotes from time-to-time. Will prey on small animals, but can take medium-sized herbivores.
clouded leopard: Will hang out in the trees of the forest, sometimes venturing to moderate elevations. Will deal with leopard (who also like trees), ocelot & lynx from time-to-time, and attack small-to-medium herbivores. The canine groups will be a hazard if it stays on the ground for an extended amount of time.
ocelot: Forest, grasslands, swamp. Likes the trees. Similar interactions as the clouded leopard, but on a smaller scale.
snow leopard: Will hang out in forests at high elevations. May run into lynx, clouded leopard, wolves, wolverine, and the occasional brown bear. Will avoid larger predators at all costs. Will attack small to medium herbivores, mostly by ambush.
cheetah: Will primarily live in the savannah, but may seek refuge in the forest considering its potential rivals. Will have the most trouble from the dog groups. Will need to hide all meals (gazelle, deer, small animals) lest they be taken. Larger animals (bovids & moose) are off the menu.
jaguar: Swamps & rivers, sometimes forest. Will need to avoid bigger cats, large crocodiles, and the brown bear. Will be harassed by the dog groups at times. Will attack its usual prey (small to medium herbivores, small crocodiles, sometimes anaconda); the large bovids are off the menu. Will target capybara.
caracal/serval/golden cat: Will adhere to usual habitats & target same prey (birds, rodents, small mammals). Have the speed to avoid larger cats (won't be bothered much by cheetahs), but will be harassed by the dog groups.
dhole: Will feature in grasslands, forests, & on the savannah. Will be a constant source of annoyance/danger for most other animals. Will gang up to intimidate larger predators, and can tackle large herbivores as a group. Lion prides, crocodiles, the largest of the bovids, & the brown bear will have the least to worry about. Dholes will attack almost anything they think they can use as prey.
dingo: Savannah & grasslands. May face competition from other dog groups & medium-sized to large cats. Will attack solo or in a group, and will target small-to-medium herbivores.
gray wolf: Will be widespread in the ecosystem, but will favor the forests and low-to-moderate elevations. Will likely avoid the wide-open areas of the savannah, and will compete with the other dog groups, tigers, and bears for food. Will avoid brown bears, big cats, & crocodiles. Can tackle medium-to-large herbivores.
african wild dog/coyote/jackal: Will favor the savannah & grasslands. Will compete directly with each other, dholes, & dingoes for prey. Will be a source of irritation for cheetahs, caracals, servals & others. Will eat small-to-medium herbivores. African wild dogs have some success capturing large prey, but the bovids will typically be too large.
red fox: Will live in the forest & grasslands. Will avoid larger predators, but will opportunistically hang out near kills to grab a scrap. Will attack rodents, small game, birds (if it can catch them), and anything edible it can overcome.
wolverine: Will target forests & moderate elevations. Will bully other predators off of kills, and will come into conflict with bears, wolves, snow leopard, clouded leopard, lynx, asian golden cat & others. Will attack & kill anything from rodents to medium-sized deer.
brown bear: The most powerful single predator in this ecosystem. Will frequent forests, grasslands, & various elevations. Will conflict at times with black bear, wolves, & tigers (and occasionally others). Will probably avoid savannah, but will go almost anywhere to take over a kill if it can detect one. Will prey on anything it can catch/overpower, including moose, elk, smaller bison & gaur, etc. Only real dangers to it are the largest of bovids (if they attack instead of running), lion prides (if the bear ventures into the savannah), the crocodile (if a large on is in a body of water it enters), and to a lesser degree the tiger & wolves.
black bear: Prefers forests, but will venture into other areas. Will compete with the brown bear (the bigger brown bear usually dominates), the tiger, wolves, dhole, wolverines, occasionally snow leopard & others. It eats a variety of small-to-medium animals, and the occasional large cervid has been taken.
nile crocodile: Can reasonably kill any animal that ventures into the waterways where it resides. Dangers (when out of the water) include lions & tigers (and possibly the brown bear). Will have difficulty killing the brown bear & the larger bovids, but it can be done if the croc is big enough. Will probably have a heavy diet of antelope, deer, & capybara.
venomous snakes: Can be anywhere (depending on the species). Most predators will know to stay away, but the medium-sized cats, big cats, dog groups, & the wolverine might give it a go from time-to-time. Will eat rodents, birds, & other snakes.
anaconda: Swamps & waterways. Will need to avoid big cats, the nile crocodile, & the dog groups. May battle the tiger, the leopard, & the jaguar at times, but usually to the snake's detriment. Will target small-to-medium prey including deer, antelope, and its favorite: capybara.
antelope & deer: Will range widely, with the antelopes favoring the savannah & grasslands and the deer favoring forests & grasslands. Will be prime targets for most predators. Moose, elk, & sambar are too large for some; perfect for others. Gazelle & the swift cervids are too fast for some, in range for others.
mice/rabbits/birds: Will be everywhere. Will be fair game to those that can catch them.
gaur: Will hang out primarily in the forest. Adults will be threatened by tiger primarily, but visits to water sources could lead to perilous encounters with lions & crocodiles. Sub-adults can be taken by brown bears, jaguars, leopards, wolves, & dholes. Probably the most difficult single prey item in this ecosystem.
bison/cape buffalo: Will hang out in the savannah, grasslands, and occasionally to the edge of the forest (bison at various elevations). Adults will be targeted by lions (and the occasional tiger), wolves, & crocodiles (at water sources). Sub-adults will be targeted by wild dogs, brown bears, & leopard (with cougars & jaguars outside possibilities).
capybara: Swamps & waterways (occasional grassland). This animal should have "lunchbox" painted on its side. It will be a favorite target for just about every predator that crosses its path. Jaguars, tigers, anacondas, & crocodiles will have a field day with this rodent.
B. Fight avoidance
striped hyena vs gray wolf: The gray would will be the first to back down. When these 2 actually meet in the wild, the striped hyena usually dominates the encounter through aggression.
wolverine vs pit bull terrier: If the pitbull is game-bred, it won't back down at all (a sittin'-on-the-porch family pet might). The wolverine might avoid it if it knew what its adversary was like, but normally it won't back down either.
leopard vs cougar: They will likely fight if they meet, but the cougar will be more confrontational.
sun bear vs gray wolf: The gray wolf is more predatory than the bear, so it will have an agenda that will make it bolder. The sun bear will probably try to avoid a conflict, but if one ensues, the gray wolf will realize it's outmatched and retreat.
C. Animal fights
average grey wolf (50kg) vs average sun bear (60kg): The sun bear will win. Both animals have great endurance, and both have dangerous bites. The wolf will have the advantage in agility, but the sun bear will have the advantage of long, sharp claws and a fierce disposition. A gray wolf would need a decent size advantage to compete here.
average grey wolf (50kg) vs 80kg hyena: Assuming this is a spotted hyena, it will win handily. The weight advantage is too great. Even at equal weights, I favor any of the hyenas to best a gray wolf.
average coyote (20kg) vs average springbok(42kg): Springboks are built to run, but they will defend themselves with their horns if they can. Against the predatory coyote, it may be in trouble. The coyote has great lateral quickness, and will probably be able to avoid most charges by the springbok. The coyote will attempt to find an opening to clamp on with a bite, and try to bring the antelope down to the ground. This could go either way, but most outcomes will favor the coyote.
D. Animal speeds (approximate)
1. red fox 68kph
grizzly bear 56kph
spanish bull 56kph
german shepherd dog 43kph
2. bison 56kph
black rhino 56kph
3. jaguar 56kph