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Interspecies Conflict/Fights/Confrontations


Gray Wolf vs warthog
Alpha Male with alpha female gray wolf vs warthog

What would happen if these animals met in the wild ? &also tell me would they fight or not & if they do who would win & how they would kill the other animal

Bengal Tiger & African Lion
Leopard & Grey Wolf
Leopard & Spotted Hyena
Jaguar & Spotted Hyena
Jaguar & Anaconda
Bengal Tiger & Gorilla
Bengal Tiger & Baboon
Jaguar & Baboon
Jaguar & Chimp
Wild Boar & Grizzly Bear
Chimp & African Rock Python
Jaguar & Gorilla

Top 10 mammals with deadliest bite in terms of killing each other

& Also if Bengal Tiger males formed coalitions can you tell me how they would compete with other top predators on each continent & Could they be defeated my any other predator ? How successful would they be in tacking a hippo or rhino . Thanks

Hello Anthony.

gray wolf & warthog: If these 2 met in the wild, the wolf would probably "check out" the suid to see if it was a viable prey item while keeping a safe distance.  The warthog would remain facing the wolf to determine if it intended to attack.  The chances of them fighting would be slim unless the warthog was a sub-adult.  An adult warthog would weigh over twice as much as the wolf, and could seriously wound the canid with its tusks.  The warthog might charge at the wolf if it got too close, and the wolf would be foolhearty to stand its ground.  A wolf would try to get a neck bite on a smaller warthog (smaller than itself) and eventually pull it down, but an adult warthog is too big and dangerous.  A wolf is nimble, but so is a warthog.  The warthog can slash at the wolf with its long tusks if the canid gets close, and the wolf will find it hard to clamp on with a bite without getting slashed.  Wolves deal with wild boar (which pose similar risks as the warthog would), but a single wolf would need backup before taking on an adult.

alpha wolf pair (male & female) & warthog: 2 wolves would more readily approach a warthog if they met, and would probably "test the waters" to see if the warthog had any weaknesses.  The warthog would be on high alert, and would try to remain facing each wolf and perhaps make charges to drive them off.  A big warthog will weigh more than the 2 wolves combined, and would probably be too tall an order for the pair to overcome.  The lateral quickness of the warthog would give it the ability to slash the wolves if they got close, and each wolf would have a hard time hanging onto the larger animal if a bite occurred.  If the suid was only a little heavier than the heaviest wolf, the wolves could pull this off.  Wolves work well as a team, and have great endurance & persistance.  Even so, a max-sized warthog would be too risky for 2 wolves to tackle.  It could be done, but the wolves would likely back off or wait for a third member of the pack to arrive.  Against an average-sized warthog, the 2 wolves would attempt to attack from different sides (one aiming for the neck and one aiming for the rump) and try to latch on and tire the suid until it collapsed from fatigue or loss of blood.

bengal tiger & african lion: If a male Bengal tiger met a male African lion, they would both assurredly take up an aggressive stance.  Each cat would initially try to intimidate the other into retreat, but only a small amount of time would pass (on most occasions) before they would engage physically.  Unless one cat had a large weight advantage, a fight would surely ensue (otherwise the larger cat would chase the smaller cat away and kill it if it caught it).  Bengal tigers are usually heavier than African lions, and this confontation would favor the tiger at top weights.  If the weights are equal, the fight could go either way.  I slightly favor a lion at equal weights due to a more combative lifestyle (with each other at kills & male vs male).  These cats would probably fight (using paw swipes and occasionally employing a grab & bite action) until one cat gained the advantage, and the defeated cat would flee to escape death.  Paw swipes alone won't dispatch an opponent (kicking back paws can cause serious injury, though), but using the claws to grip & hold can allow a well-positioned bite to clamp onto the neck.  If the position is secure enough to maintain the bite pressure on the neck while avoiding major damage from the other cat's claws, the feline with the upper hand can finish the fight.

leopard & grey wolf: A leopard catching sight of a grey wolf may do one of 2 things: Take up a defensive, aggressive stance or flee (by running or climbing a tree).  A leopard may view the wolf the same way it views a hyena and expect more to show up.  If the leopard determines the wolf is solo, it may very well attempt an attack and drive the wolf away.  The wolf will likely hang around just long enough to see if food is nearby (from a leopard kill) as it would with a puma, but it will not attempt to take on a leopard without help.  A wolf would stand little chance one-on-one with a leopard.  Leopards can be much larger than wolves, and are much better armed.  The agility, quickness, claws, and killing experience would enable the leopard to easily overpower the wolf and finish it with a throat bite.  A single wolf will typically try to use its lateral quickness to employ a bite & retreat method until its opponent tires (and secure a neck bite to finish), but that won't work against a larger, more powerful feline.

leopard & spotted hyena: This particular interaction occurs quite often in Africa.  The reaction of the leopard to a hyena will be to take up an aggressive stance or retreat to the safety of a tree (because the leopard knows when it sees 1 hyena, several more are close by).  The hyena is usually the bolder of the 2 when they meet, and will try to bully the leopard off of a kill if one is present.  If a leopard meets a hyena and sees no other hyena in sight (or hears no other members), if will probably attempt to drive the hyena away with growls & paw swipes.  Hyenas have bone-crushing bites, and are very durable (and the leopard knows this).  Leopards, being solitary hunters, can't afford to get injured in a conflict with a hyena, so they usually back down to a persistent spotted hyena in their weight range or heavier.  These animals are usually close in size (the leopard is somewhat heavier), and are worthy adversaries for one another.  If the leopard decided to fight a spotted hyena to the finish, it would likely succeed (but with injuries).  The agility, quickness, claws, & killing experience of the leopard would aid it here, but the hyena's endurance & ability to take lots of punishment will make it a difficult accomplishment for the feline.  The leopard would need to use its claws to grip the hyena and secure a neck bite to finish it.  The hyena would need to clamp on to the leopard's neck to dispatch it outright, but the relatively clumsy hyena won't be nimble enough to pull this off on most occasions.  If it injures one of the leopard's legs early on (to compromise its mobility), it can follow up with a succession of bites and eventually overcome the cat (but this isn't likely against a larger, quicker leopard).

jaguar & spotted hyena: These 2 have never seen one another outside of a zoo, and it's likely the jaguar won't assume other hyenas are nearby.  The jaguar will be twice as heavy, and much more powerful.  The hyena, if alone, will avoid this cat due to its size (unless it is very hungry and the jaguar has a fresh kill).  A bold hyena may persist (as it is opportunistic), but a jaguar will very likely rush to attack without hesitation (either to drive the hyena away or kill it).  A jaguar has short, stocky limbs that would enable it to easily control & overpower the hyena (and kill it with a bite through the skull or to the back of the neck).  The hyena might give the jaguar pause with a strong bite of its own, but this confrontation would ultimately be one-sided in favor of the cat.  A hyena doesn't have the means at its disposal to disable a large jaguar.

jaguar & anaconda: These 2 occasionally cross paths in South America.  A jaguar, upon seeing an anaconda, will likely attack it (sometimes in the water!).  Jaguars prey on many reptiles, and are specialists at killing them.  The anaconda, upon seeing a jaguar, will likely take up a defensive posture or try to escape (if it is on land) unless it has gone unnoticed (and may try to ambush a smaller jaguar).  An anaconda is more confident ambushing from the water, and will attack a jaguar if it feels threatened and can't escape.  Anacondas can be in the weight range of a large jaguar, but is a poor fighter on land against mobile, similar-sized adversaries.  The anaconda has limited mobilty & stamina on land, and a jaguar would be able to avoid its coils and land a skull bite without too much trouble.  In the water, an anaconda can make a much better account of itself.  Its mobility won't be compromised, and it will have greater stamina.  An equally-sized jaguar vs anaconda battle would strongly favor the cat on land, but would be a decent contest in the water.  The jaguar's know-how of biting the skull to dispatch the anaconda will work heavily in its favor in either venue.  The anaconda will attempt to bite the jaguar with its backward-pointing teeth to latch on and create an anchoring point.  It won't try to pull the jaguar to it, it will try to pull itself toward the jaguar.  The boa will try to wrap its coils around the feline and squeeze it to death, but the quickness of the jaguar (and precision of its crushing bite) will make success difficult (even in shallow water).  An anaconda could probably overtake a jaguar in deeper water (where the cat couldn't touch the bottom), but even that wouldn't be easy.  If the coils of the anaconda completely wrap around the jaguar, it can squeeze hard enough to impede the breathing of the cat (and suffocate it).

bengal tiger & gorilla: A Bengal tiger would probably immediately attack a gorilla if it saw it.  A gorilla might briefly try to imtimidate the tiger with posturing, but would flee once the cat charged.  The tiger will outweigh the gorilla on most occasions, and will have superior weaponry.  The tiger's agility, quickness, claws, & killing experience would serve it well here, and even the strong arms & dangerous bite of the gorilla won't deter the tiger from successfully using its claws to pull itself into a "killing bite" position.  Gorillas would be able to drive away a leopard on most occasions (if ambush isn't employed by the feline), but a tiger is 3 times heavier than a leopard and is a masterful hunter & killer.  The gorilla, if forced to fight, would try to use its bite and clubbing forearms to defend itself.  However, if a Bengal tiger wants to overcome a gorilla, the gorilla won't have any means of stopping it from happening.

bengal tiger & baboon: This is pretty cut-and-dry.  A Bengal tiger will immediately chase, capture, and kill any baboon it sees.  A baboon, upon seeing a tiger, would immediately try to escape.  Even the largest baboons weigh less than 20% the tiger's weight, and would be no match for it.  The tiger would simply close in, control the monkey with its paws & claws, and land a finishing bite to the neck area.  The baboon will try to bite the tiger in defense, but the window for this opportunity will rapidly close.  The baboon simply doesn't have the means to defend itself against a Bengal tiger.  

jaguar & baboon: This, like the Bengal tiger & baboon, is cut-and-dry.  This would be predator & prey.  The jaguar will immediately attack, and the baboon will try to escape.  The jaguar will be 3 times heavier than the monkey (at least), and will easily dispatch it with controlling paws & a crushing skull bite.  The baboon's bite can cause serious wounds, but it probably won't have time to employ an effective bite before getting overwhelmed by the jaguar.

jaguar & chimpanzee: Same as with jaguar & baboon, this will be predator & prey.  The jaguar will attack, and the chimpanzee will look to escape.  The jaguar will be twice the ape's weight, and will overcome it with ease if it catches it.  The chimp will try to flail & bite, but to no avail.  The jaguar will latch onto it with claws, control it, and finish with a skull bite.

wild boar & grizzly bear: The grizzly bear will be 2-3 times larger, and will likely try to attack the boar if they cross paths.  The boar will flee unless the weights happen to be close (if the boar is huge and the bear is average).  If the bear catches the boar, it will use its paws to control the suid's head (to keep the tusks at bay and try to topple the pig) and land some bites.  The wild boar will try to defend itself against the attacking bear with its tusks, but even a bear at close weights will have the means to limit the suid's offense while employing an offense of its own.  The boar has tough hide, but the grizzly can stun it with powerful swipes to the pig's head.  A grizzly bear bear will be strong enough on most occasions to topple the bear, hold it down, and rip into it with its teeth.  The boar can injure the bear with its tusks, but it's unlikely the tusks will cause enough damage before the boar gets subdued by the bear.

chimpanzee & african rock python: Apes have a natural fear of snakes, so a chimpanzee would likely flee from a rock python.  If the python was threatening the young members of the troop, the chimpanzee might try to employ an aggressive display & throw things at it, but the chances of the ape actually engaing the snake are small.  The African rock python is bold & aggressive, and will likely move toward the chimp in hopes of getting into striking range.  If a chimp chose to fight the python (which could very well outweigh it), it would try to bite it wherever it could.  The chimp would not have the know-how (or calmness) to properly dispatch the python, but it might know how to use its hands to free itself if the snake's jaws latched on.  The python would try to strike & bite the ape, and pull it coils around its body to squeeze it to death (suffocation).  The chimpanzee could win a fight if it happened to bite the snake's skull, but its lack of experience in killing snakes would make this a chance occurrence.  The African rock python will have a better idea of how to finish the chimp than the other way around.

jaguar & gorilla: The jaguar would certainly ambush the gorilla if the chance arose, but a face-to-face encounter might give the jaguar pause.  The jaguar would be 2/3rd the weight of the gorilla, and an aggressive display by the ape might intimidate the cat into retreating.  However, the jaguar might decide to attack anyway.  The gorilla would likely flee if it had nothing to defend (like other troop members), and the jaguar might actually pursue it.  A face-to-face fight would be close, but the agility, quickness, front & back claws, and powerful jaws of the jaguar would probably trump the strength, clubbing forearms, and bite of the gorilla.  Gorillas aren't used to taking on other animals outside of their species face-to-face (and even that is mostly bluffing), and it would not be able to prevent the claws of the jaguar from doing serious damage.  The skull-crushing jaws of the jaguar would likely find their mark usless the gorilla's flailing led to enough landed blows to deter the feline.  A determine jaguar would be successful in overcoming a jaguar on most occasions, but a realistic encounter would probably have the gorilla driving the jaguar away on most occasions.  The gorilla doesn't really have the means to overcome a jaguar unless something out of the ordinary occurs.  I would only favor a gorilla in this matchup if it was over twice the jaguar's weight.

Top 10 mammal bites (in terms of killing each other)
1. Hippo.  Huge canines can cause deep, fatal wounds.
2. Jaguar.  Tremendous bite force can crush through skulls & shells, and bite the back of the  neck to sever the spinal cord.  Bite force (and location options) + positioning rank the jaguar this high.
3. Tiger.  Positioning is easily obtained to land a strong throat/neck bite with long, sharp canines.
4. Lion.  Same as the tiger; large bite, great positioning.
5. Clouded leopard.  The positioning & bite force is present, but the upper canines are the longest in proportion to its body than any other cat and are key here.
6. Leopard.  Strong bite, sharp teeth, clamps onto throat.
7. Puma.  Strong bite that can suffocate by clamping onto throat/snout.
8. Bear.  A bear is huge, but their bites kill by accummulation and not one specialized action.
8. Cheetah.  Not a super-strong bite, but can suffocate prey effectively (due to most prey items not being able to remove the jaws from their throats) after bringing the victim to the ground.
9. Hyena. Extreme bite force, but isn't as effective a killing weapon as ones the big cats use (due to method of use).  Mainly used to grab & hold prey items (while other hyenas join in), and crush bones of carcasses.
10. Baboon.  Not a strong bite force, but long, sharp upper canines (almost as long as toothpicks) can cause quick, serious wounds in a conflict.  Baboons have killed predators with their bites (with death usually occurring by blood loss).

I did not include sea-dwelling mammals in this list, but orcas, sperm whales, leopard seals, elephant seals, and pilot whales are among those with formidable bites.

If Bengal tigers formed coalitions, how would they compete with other predators on each continent?  
It depends on the size of the coalition.  Tigers rarely hunt in pairs, but this increases their success.  A pair of tigers would be able to dominate South America, North America (except for Polar, Kodiak, & large Grizzly bears), Australia, Africa (except for lion prides & large spotted hyena clans), Asia (except for the larger brown bears), & Europe.  Most crocodiles on land would be within the capabilities of the tiger pair.  Large wolf packs might be problematic.  A group of 3 or 4 tigers would dominate very continent with the exception of Africa (and would only be challenged by a larger lion pride or an extremely large hyena clan).

If Bengal tigers formed coalitions, could they be defeated by any other predator?  
Only larger lion prides could consistently defeat them.  2 would be needed to tackle the larger bears, but polar bears & brown bears would be capable of repelling even 2 tigers on occasion.  3 tigers would conquer any bear, and only a larger lion group could consistently defeat them.  It would probably take at least 5 hyenas (and at least 6 wolves) per tiger to get an upper hand in a conflict with the cats.

If Bengal tigers formed coalitions, how successful would they be at tackling a hippo?
A hippo is huge and has thick skin, and 2 tigers would need a lot of time to cause enough wounds to subdue it.  The tigers will be quick enough to stay out of the way of the hippo's massive jaws, but probably won't have the patience required to dig away at the hippo's defenses until it was overcome.  3 or 4 large tigers could certainly cause enough damage to a hippo in a reasonable amount of time, and the hippo would likely be too slow to effectively defend itself if stranded on land.  If a hippo was far from water and 3 tigers approached, I would be concerned for its safety.  Hippos aren't built for extended movement on land (small legs; huge body), and needs water to bouy its great weigh most of the time to avoid getting fatigued.  A hippopotamus in or around water is territorial and very aggressive, and would be a tall task for a coalition of tigers.  3 tigers could get it done by the water's edge or in shallow water, but they would have to be careful of the hippo's quicker movements in this location.  A hippo could easily crush a tiger with its weight or instantly dispatch one with a bite, but the cat's agility would be useful in preventing this from happening.

If Bengal tigers formed coalitions, how successful would they be at tackling a rhino?  
A rhino is a much more dangerous proposition for a coalition of tigers than a hippo would be.  The rhino has tough hide that is hard to penetrate, and can make powerful movements with its strong legs to drive its long, front horn with great force.  Tigers have predated on adult Indian rhinos on rare occasions, but the health/condition of the victim wasn't always known.  A large, healthy rhino is the 2nd most formidable animal on land in the world (after the elephant), and it would take a large coalition of tigers to overtake one.  The rhinoceros can trample a tiger or fatally gore it with ease, so the level of caution from the attacking tigers would need to be very high.  I would probably favor a healthy adult white rhinoceros against 3 or 4 tigers, but the tigers can win if they are persistent & careful.  It would take some time to pull it off, and the likelihood of a tiger injury during such an attempt would be high.  I wouldn't comfortably favor a coaliton of tigers against a rhino this big unless it numbered over 6 cats.  White rhinos can weigh well over 2.5 tons (as much as 10 tigers), and is too tough & well-armed to fall victim to attack easily.

Very good questions.
Best regards.  

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Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.


From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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