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Interspecies Conflict/Interspecies Conflict

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Hello again BK,and thanks for answering my questions the last time by the way.Any ways here are some other animal questions I would like to get your opinion on.Here Goes

1.Lets say a Black Caimon was scaled up to its largest size both in weight and in length,and these animals did battle with it who would have the greatest chance of over coming it?List-

A)Male African Lion

B)Bengal Tigar

C)American Black Bear

D)Colossal Squid

E)Green Anaconda

F)Mountain Gorilla

G)Jaguar

2.How would you rate these herbivores in terms of battle skills?

A)Hartebeest

B)Wildebeest

C)Kudu

D)Pygmy Hippo

E)Gorilla

F)Giant Panda

G)Anoa

3.On a show called man-eating croc,there were claims that an unimaginable 29.6 foot croc is still lurking in the philipines.Do you really think theres a croc out there of this size?Do I believe it?Maybe,maybe not.And if there is a croc of this length how much do you think it weighs?,and do you think these animals would have a chance of defeating it?Assuming these animals are at there average.

A)Bull Hippo

B)White Rhino

C)Black Rhino

D)Great White Shark

E)Giraffe

F)Norwhal

G)Walrus

4.Hypotheticaly if a Wolverine was scaled up to the same size as a jaguar and the two did battle,who do you think would imerg the victore?I Dont know if your an expert with these type of hypothetical questions so you could leave this question  unanswerd if you decide.

Thanks and take as muck time as you need!

Answer
Hello Trish.


1. Black caiman matchups

max-sized black caiman vs male African lion: The black caiman (at over 16ft and almost 1/2 ton) will weigh almost twice as much as the lion.  Black caimans, like other crocodilians, have limited mobility & stamina on land.  The lion will need to to be very careful with a caiman of this size.  Lions deal with crocodiles on occasion (but it's mostly mutual avoidance), and know to use their quickness & agility to avoid the jaws of the caiman (which can make sudden thrusts side-to-side to clamp onto anything close).  The lion will cautiously swat at the caiman until it tires, and will try to latch onto its back (where it can sink its teeth into its neck).  With a black caiman of this size the lion isn't guaranteed a kill, and there's the real possibility of getting caught in the reptile's jaws.  The armor-like hide of the black caiman will protect it to an extent, but a lion will probably find a vulnerable place to bite after the reptile becomes exhausted.  In shallow water (or deep water) the lion will have little chance of subduing a caiman twice its weight because the mobility of the reptile will be greatly improved.  On land: Edge to lion.  In water: Black caiman wins.

max-sized black caiman vs Bengal tiger: The black caiman will weigh almost twice as much as the tiger. Jaguars are the expert reptile killers of the big cat world, but tigers aren't far behind.  Tigers deal with mugger crocodiles (which can weigh close to a black caiman's weight) on a regular basis.  Tigers know how to deal with crocodiles, and will use their agility & quickness to avoid the jaws, leap onto the back of the reptile, & sink its teeth in while holding itself in place with its sharp claws.  Tigers have been known to subdue mugger crocodiles in water as well, but this can be dangerous for them.  As with the lion, the tiger will have the edge over the black caiman on land.  Shallow water will give the black caiman greater mobility (and better stamina), and it will have a better chance of grabbing the tiger in its jaws.  The tiger can win in shallow water, but it will have its work cut out for it on most occasions against a black caiman almost twice its weight.  On land: Edge to tiger.  In water: Black caiman wins most of the time.

max-sized black caiman vs American black bear: The black caiman will weigh almost twice as much as the black bear.  Black bears are omnivorous, and aren't quite as formidable (pound-for-pound) as brown bears.  However, they are very strong, and have curved, sharp claws & powerful jaws that can serve as effective weapons.  Black bears cross paths with the American alligator from time-to-time, but most of the time the encounter turns into mutual avoidance (but an alligator will attack a swimming bear).  Bears have great endurance, and this will help them in a land battle against a black caiman.  While a bite from a caiman on a lion or a tiger will spell big trouble for the cat, a black bear is robust enough to fight back & free itself if the reptile's jaws clamp on.  A black caiman can only struggle with an adversary a short time on land before it energy runs out, but a bear can battle on for an extended period of time.  The bear might not have enough mobility to avoid the caiman's jaws all of the time, but it will be able to cause a lot of damage with its hooked claws on many parts of the reptile's body (especially once the caiman fatigues).  Black bears don't have a special finishing technique like the big cats do, but it should be strong & durable enough to gain the advantage over the caiman on land.  Shallow water will swing things into the caiman's favor (because of improved mobility), and a bite on the bear will have much more effect due to the reptile's ability to apply greater force with the movements of its body.  Land: Edge to bear.  Shallow water: Edge to black caiman.

max-sized black caiman vs colossal squid: The black caiman will weigh slightly less than the colossal squid.  Colossal squids can be over twice the black caiman's length, and have many tentacles armed with sharp hooks (and 2 longer arms making up half their length).  Not a lot is known about these giants, but it is believed they are generally slow-moving ambush predators that can move rapidly to capture prey items that pass close by.  The caiman would need to bite on the squid's mantle to have the best chance of success, and a missed bite would give the cephalopod the opportunity it would need to ensnare the reptile in its tentacles.  Once the caiman got wrapped in the squid's tentacles, it would be very hard to escape (and the caiman would likely drown).  The large mantle of the colossal squid would make it necessary for the caiman's jaws to open wide to latch on, and that may not happen every time.  I would favor a black caiman in shallow water (where the squid's mobility would be limited), but I would favor the squid in deep water.  Edge to colossal squid.

max-sized black caiman vs green anaconda: The black caiman will weigh almost 2 1/2 times more than the anaconda.  Black caimans & anacondas predate on one another from time-to-time, but an anaconda will have trouble tackling a crocodilian that outweighs it.  Anacondas are excellent ambush predators, but don't typically fare well in face-to-face battles with large adversaries.  Even if the anaconda wrapped itself around this huge caiman, it would probably not succeed in constricting it to death.  The caiman would be able to seriously injure the anaconda with its jaws, and the snake would have a hard time escaping (or counter-attacking).  Black caiman wins.

max-sized black caiman vs mountain gorilla: The black caiman will weigh slightly more than double the gorilla's weight.  Gorillas are very strong primates, but a vast majority of their conflicts involve other gorillas (and even those are mostly aggressive displays).  They don't have the know-how or skill to attack & subdue a crocodilian, and would likely be seized in the caiman's jaws if it tried to attack.  A gorilla is probably strong enough to free itself if it doesn't panic (depending on where the jaws grab), but will need the caiman to become exhausted if it is to have a chance.  A gorilla's bite can be effective, but it will have limited targets on the caiman's armor-like hide.  The gorilla won't have a good chance on land without having a strategy (like a big cat would), and would be in serious trouble in shallow water (gorillas can't swim and avoid water).  Black caiman wins.

max-sized black caiman vs jaguar: The black caiman will weigh almost 3 times as much as the jaguar.  Typically no big cat will succeed in subduing a crocodilian on land that weighs 3 times as much as it does, but the jaguar will come the closest.  Jaguars are specialists when it comes to killing reptiles, and they instinctively know to target the skull to accomplish this.  Jaguars have muscular bodies with short, powerful legs that make them perfect for wrestling & controlling the movements of low-to-the-ground adversaries (caimans, peccaries, etc.).  The black caiman in this scenario is huge, and will be a challenge for the jaguar because of the size advantage.  The jaguar will need to avoid the jaws, wait for the caiman to tire, get into position to bite the skull, and withstand the thrashing body of the much larger animal.  A jaguar will typically avoid attacking a caiman much larger than itself, but a determined one might succeed on occasion.  The jaguar can win if everything falls into place for it, but this caiman will be a very dangerous proposition at this weight.  If it grabs the jaguar in its jaws at any point in the battle, the cat will be in trouble.  Shallow water will favor the caiman, but the skillful jaguar will have a chance if it can pounce quickly & secure a skull bite without getting bit itself.  The jaguar is better suited for this battle than the lion, tiger & the black bear, but it doesn't have the size of those animals.  Still, it will make a decent account of itself.  Land: Edge to black caiman, but close.  Water: Black caiman wins.


2. Battle-skill rating (1-10) * these are approximate; 1 is poor/10 is excellent

hartebeest: Hartebeest run from danger, but will spar with one another.  Their horns can be dangerous, but they don't have the fierce temperament of, let's say, a Cape buffalo.  Rating: 6

wildebeest: This antelope deals with many predators on the African plains (lions, hyenas, leopards, African wild dogs), and they will fight back.  Rating: 8

kudu: Like the hartebeest, they will run from danger, but they will fight if they have to.  Their horns & hooves can be effective predator repellents.  Rating: 6

pygmy hippo: Pygmy hippos have long lower canines that can cause injury to an attacker, but they aren't as impressive as the ones wielded by the much larger river hippopotamus.  Pygmy hippos aren't nearly as aggressive or confrontational, either.  Rating 5

gorilla: Gorillas are typically peaceful, and most conflicts involve other gorillas (and most of these are displays of intimidation).  Gorillas are strong & have dangerous bites, but aren't as capable as they appear to be when it comes to combat.  They don't box like Rocky Marciano & don't tackle opponents like a football player.  What they are physically capable of doing & what they actually do are 2 different things.  Rating: 5

giant panda: Giant pandas are typically peaceful, but like most other animals, can be dangerous if they're threatened.  With great strength, strong jaws, & sharp claws, they can defend themselves if the situation calls for it.  The enemies they have (leopards, wolves, etc.) will usually focus on the young & avoid a direct confrontation with the adults.  Rating: 5

anoa: Anoas have horns that point backward from the plane of their face, but they are good at using them (can lower their heads & drive the horns forward from one side or the other).  Anoas are small, but can be feisty if they need to be.  Rating: 6


3. Giant crocodile questions

Q: On a show called man-eating croc, there were claims that an unimaginable 29.6 foot croc is still lurking in the Philippines.  Do you really think there's a croc out there of this size?
A: Crocodiles never stop growing (although growth slows as it ages), and it's possible for older ones to exceed 20ft in length.  The longest verified length for a crocodile is close to 23ft, and I don't think the chances are good that one exists today that is longer.  I wouldn't completely rule it out, but I believe a 29.6ft crocodile is the stuff of prehistoric times.

Q: And if there is a croc of this length how much do you think it weighs?
A: A crocodile 29.6 ft in length would weigh approximately 3.25 tons.

giant crocodile vs average-sized bull hippo: The crocodile will weigh over 60% more than the hippo.  A crocodile of this size might be an older, slower version of ones we're accustomed to seeing on documentaries, but we'll assume it's still a capable hunter & combatant.  Hippos usually dominate crocodiles (and have huge canines that can easily dispatch a crocodile), but hippos are usually much heavier than any ones they encounter.  A hippo's rotund body helps keep it relatively safe from croc bites (which might be gape-limited), but a giant crocodile weighing over 3 tons would be able to seriously injure a hippo with its bite.  The average-sized hippo will probably be a match for it on land due to the limited mobility & stamina of the crocodile, but will be seriously challenged in the water.  A crocodile in the water is a serious threat to anything it outweighs.  A full-sized hippo would be favored on land, but not an average-sized one.  Land: Slight edge to crocodile.  Water: Crocodile wins.

giant crocodile vs average-sized white rhino: The crocodile will weigh over 60% more than the white rhinoceros.  The white rhinoceros has a tank-like body, great strength, and a long frontal horn that is one of the most formidable weapons in the animal kingdom.  A bite from the crocodile will certainly be cause for concern, but the rhino's stout body won't be easy to injure.  The horn of the rhino can be driven into the crocodile with great effect, and the limited mobility of the reptile will keep it from getting out of the way.  The crocodile can clamp onto the head of the rhino and subdue it, but that won't happen every time.  The rhino will need to utilize its horn before the crocodile utilizes its bite.  A full-sized rhinoceros would be favored on land, but an average-sized one will have its hands full.  Land: Close to 50/50.  Water: Crocodile wins.

giant crocodile vs average-sized black rhino: The crocodile will weigh almost 3 times as much as the black rhino.  The black rhino is a solidly-built, aggressive, well-armed animal that can seriously injure an opponent with its long frontal horn.  However, this crocodile will be too large for it on land or in water.  The rhinoceros might win with the right horn stab, but most of the time the crocodile will seize the smaller animal in its jaws & control the fight from there.  Land: Crocodile wins.  Water: Crocodile wins.

giant crocodile vs average-sized great white shark: The crocodile will weigh more than 50% more than the great white shark.  Sharks have huge jaws with razor-sharp teeth made to slice away chunks of flesh, and their bite would easily penetrate many areas on a crocodile.  Sharks have greater mobility in the water as well.  The crocodile's bite is meant to hold prey in place (so it can be drowned), but it doesn't induce the level of blood loss the shark's bite will.  The crocodile in this scenario can certainly kill the shark by securing a bite on its sensitive nose, and it is capable of twisting its fins off.  The shark's better mobility & bite are its main assets in this fight, and the crocodile's size & armor-like hide are its main assets.  A shark would win this at parity, but will struggle at these sizes.  Edge to crocodile.

giant crocodile vs average-sized giraffe: The crocodile will weigh 3 times as much as the giraffe.  Giraffes are typically peaceful, but can employ strong kicks to repel attackers if needed.  The back kick of a giraffe is its strongest, and the force generated by it can easily dispatch an adversary.  However, against this huge crocodile, a great deal of accuracy will be needed if the giraffe is to have a chance.  Once the crocodile clamps on with its powerful jaws, it can pull the giraffe to the ground and finish it.  A strong kick to the crocodile's skull can stun it, but this won't happen most of the time.  Land & water: Crocodile wins.

giant crocodile vs average-sized narwhal: The crocodile will weigh 2 1/2 times more than the narwhal.  Narwhals have good mobility in the water, but their long tusk (actually a hollow tooth that can grow close to 9ft in length) isn't as formidable a weapon as it appears to be.  Male narwhals "spar" with these tusks (by rubbing them together), but rarely use them in a combative manner.  Each tusk is full of nerve endings, and would likely get damaged with rough use.  The crocodile would clamp onto the narwhal with its jaws, and control the fight from there.  The agile narwhal might avoid the attack initially, but wouldn't have any real offense to combat the giant reptile.  Crocodile wins.

giant crocodile vs average-sized walrus: The crocodile will weigh over twice as much as the walrus.  Walruses have very tough hide, and a thick layer of blubber underneath.  This hide would hold up well to the bite of a huge crocodile, but the walrus' head would be vulnerable if it got caught in them.  Walruses have long tusks to fight with, and a good strike could impale the crocodile.  A land battle would be a stalemate for the most part, but the giant crocodile would probably have better chances to succeed with its huge bite.  An aquatic battle would allow the more maneuverable walrus to get into a decent stabbing position on occasion, but the crocodile's movements would be quick enough to grab the walrus once it got close.  If the crocodile's jaws clamped onto the walrus in the water, it could execute a "death roll" to cause further injury to the pinniped.  A walrus would certainly be favored at parity, but it's giving up too much weight here.  Land & water: Crocodile wins.


4. Wolverine question

Q: Hypothetically if a wolverine was scaled up to the same size as a jaguar and the two did battle, who do you think would emerge the victor?
A: Assuming the scaled-up wolverine was capable of the same movements (in ratio to its body size) as a regular-sized wolverine, it would give the jaguar a close fight.  Wolverines are among the strongest mammals pound-for-pound, and are famous for their ferocity.  Wolverines have strong jaws (capable of crunching through frozen meat & bone), sharp claws, and thick fur.  They are more than a match for most animals in their weight range.  Jaguars are generally regarded as the strongest feline pound-for-pound, and have a set of jaws strong enough to crush turtle shells & animal skulls.  Jaguars are agile, quick, well-armed (jaws & claws), and kill prey items with a skull bite (or a bite to the back of the neck to sever the spinal cord).  Wolverines & jaguars are among the best fighters (pound-for-pound) in the animal kingdom.  In a battle between the 2, both animals will have similar strategies (grab/swipe with claws/roll on their backs & try to land a good bite).  The quickness of the jaguar will probably enable it to get into a finishing position before it takes too much damage from the wolverine's assault, and its varied finishing attack with its powerful jaws (neck or skull) will give it an edge in that department.  In a realistic battle between the 2, the wolverine will probably drive the jaguar away, but a fight to the finish will slightly favor the jaguar.  Slight edge to jaguar.


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Interspecies Conflict

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Expertise

Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.

Experience

From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Education/Credentials
Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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