Interspecies Conflict/Epic Match Ups


Hi again bk its nice to be talking to you again.So any ways here are some more animal battles I would like to get your opinion on.Im sorry that the list is pretty long,its just because I wont have much time to be emailing on here again because im pretty busy so I hope you under stand.So here goes.

1.Jaguar vs Moose
2.Male African Lion vs Nile Crocodile
3.Colossal Squid vs Walrus
4.Gaur vs Walrus
5.Black Rhino vs Hippo
6.Beluga Whale vs Elephant Seal
7.Cougar vs Pygmy Hippo
8.American Bison vs Cape Buffalo
9.Gorilla vs Hartebeest
10.Orangutan vs Chimpanzee
11.Gray Wolf vs Spotted Hyena
12.Giraffe vs Siberian Tigar
13.Kodiak Bear vs Siberian Tigar
14.Green anaconda vs Reticulated Python
15.African Leopard vs Jaguar
16.Moose vs Giant Eland
17.Yak vs Giant Eland
18.Chacma Baboon vs Clouded Leopard
19.Yak vs Moose
20.Spotted Hyena vs Wildebeest
21.Sable Antelope vs Greater Kudu
22.Gorilla vs 2 Gray Wolves
23.African Wild Dog vs Cheetah
24.Cape Buffalo vs Lion
25.White Rhino vs pygmy Elephant
26.Walrus vs Nile Crocodile
27.Gorilla vs Leopard Seal
28.Great White shark vs Hippo
29.Wolverine vs Cheetah
30.Great White Shark vs African Elephant
31.Spanish Bull vs Cape Buffalo
32.American Bison vs Hippo

Thank You and have a merry cristmas

Hello Trish.  Good to hear from you.

1. Jaguar vs Moose: A moose will weigh about 5 times as much as a jaguar.  Jaguars have the assets most big cats share (quickness/agility/jaws & claws/finishing know-how), and are widely considered to be the strongest felid pound-for-pound.  They also have a unique killing method (crushing the skull or spine with its vice-like jaws) that serves them well, and their stocky, muscular builds enable them to excel against most low-to-the-ground adversaries.  The moose has an impressive set of antlers that can be used as a barrier or a plow against an attacker, and it can drive forward with a lot of force.  The tines on the edges of the antlers are sharp, and cause injury.  A moose can kick as well.  Jaguars aren't practiced at dealing with large cervids (they typically target caiman, capybara, tapirs, peccaries, and the like), and will have trouble dealing with a moose without the use of ambush.  Moose wins.

2. Male African Lion vs Nile Crocodile: A Nile crocodile can weigh close to 4 times as much as an African lion, but most only weigh about twice as much.  These 2 occasionally cross paths, and mutual avoidance is common.  A male lion is a powerful felid that is practiced at battling other male lions (for territory & females).  It has sharp teeth & claws, and is quick and agile.  A Nile crocodile is heavily covered in osteoderms (bony growths) that serve as armor, and it has a tremendously strong bite force.  Its teeth are used to grip prey items and pull them into the water to drown.  Crocodiles have limited mobility and stamina on land, but are capable of making quick movements in short bursts.  Their powerful tails can be used as a weapon, but it is mainly used to aid in swimming.  On land a lion will have a mobility advantage, but will have trouble breaching the crocodile's tough hide even if it can maintain a favorable position on the reptile's back.  Crocodiles can thrash and twist violently even on land, and this will make if hard for an adversary to mount an offense while avoiding the snapping jaws.  A lion will need to tire out the crocodile on land before moving in for the kill, and doing this with one 4 times its size will be a huge task.  A lion will be in trouble if it gets caught in the crocodile's massive jaws.  A lion has a chance against a crocodile on land as long as the crocodile isn't much over twice the cat's weight, but a lion will need to be close in weight to the crocodile to have a chance in the water.  Close fight on land, but the crocodile is favored in the water.  Overall edge to Nile crocodile.     

3. Colossal Squid vs Walrus: A bull walrus can weigh 4 times as much as a colossal squid.  The walrus is a very rotund mammal with thick, tough hide & tusks close to a meter long.  The walrus can kill a colossal squid with a well-placed stab (in the mantle), and has the mobility to pull this off.  However, the typically sluggish colossal squid is an ambush predator capable of making short, quick movements to ensnare animals that get too close (with its tentacles).  If the walrus' first strike is not successful, the colossal squid will likely wrap it up with its tentacles.  At this point the walrus won't be able to mount any further offense, and the squid probably won't be strong enough to hold it in place unless the flippers of the pinniped are trapped against its body.  It might be a stalemate on most occasions, but the possibility of the squid drowning the walrus is about the same as the possibility of the walrus impaling the squid's mantle with its tusks.  The beak of the squid would take a long time to chew through the hide of the walrus, and it won't likely be a major factor in this fight.  If the walrus doesn't win right away, it will likely lose.  Tough fight to assess, but edge to the colossal squid.

4. Gaur vs Walrus: A walrus can weigh anywhere from 1/3 more to double the weight of a gaur.  A gaur is a powerful, muscular bovid with thick sharp horns.  A walrus has very tough hide and tusks that can exceed 3ft in length.  On land, the gaur will have the mobility to ram into the walrus (perhaps several times) before the walrus can effective defend itself with a decent tusk thrust, but the thick hide will be very hard to penetrate.  The walrus' blubber underneath the tough hide is very thick as well, and will cushion the animal from many of the gaur's charges.  The horns won't have as much effect on the walrus as they would on, let's say, a tiger, but the gaur can injure the pinniped with persistance.  A stalemate may result, but the gaur has a slight edge on land.  In any water depth that improves the walrus' mobility, it will have the edge over the gaur.

5. Black Rhino vs Hippo: A big river hippopotamus can weigh almost twice as much as a black rhinoceros, but it will have problems defeating one.  The black rhino will be slightly taller at the shoulder than the hippopotamus.  On land the black rhino will be more comfortable than the hippo, and will be able to make strong attacks with its long, sharp frontal horn.  The hippo has wide-opening jaws with long, sharp incisors to bite with, but it will not be able to land a bite easily without getting stabbed by the rhino.  In water the hippo will be more territorial & aggressive, but it won't gain enough of an advantage in lateral movement to consistently avoid getting stabbed.  Both animals have the means to seriously injure one another, but the black rhino's ability to more effectively utilize its weapon gives it a slight advantage over the larger animal.  Edge to black rhinoceros.

6. Beluga Whale vs Elephant Seal: An Southern elephant seal can weigh almost 2 1/2 times as much as a beluga whale, and a Northern elephant seal can weigh almost 1 1/2 times as much.  Beluga whales have moderately-sized jaws compared to their large bodies, but have 16-22 teeth in their upper jaws and 16-18 teeth in their lower jaws (an average of 34 teeth total).  These teeth are shaped somewhat like pegs, and are designed to grab, tear, and crush (typical prey items include fish, mollusks, and crustaceans).  Elephant seals can be rather aggressive, and can injure one another with their bites.  Their jaws contain approximately 30 sharp teeth.  Elephant seals and beluga whale are good swimmers, but the larger size and greater aggression of the seal will give it the advantage in a physical confrontation.  Elephant seal wins.

7. Cougar vs Pygmy Hippo: The pygmy hippo will weigh almost 3 times as much as the cougar.  Cougars are very athletic felids with high levels of quickness & agility.  They are practiced at overpowering larger animals (usually by ambush) when they hunt.  A cougar completes a kill with a bite to the neck, throat, or snout (to suffocate).  Pygmy hippos aren't as well known as their larger cousins, but are equipped with thick skin and sharp canines.  It's unlikely the pygmy hippo will be quick enough to land a bite on the cougar, but the cougar will have a hard time finishing the stout hippo with a neck/throat bite.  The pygmy hippo might be able to drive the cougar away in a realistic situation, but the cougar will have a chance to prevail with some persistance.  The ability for the cougar to avoid the hippo's offense is key, but it might not be able to capitalize on that advantage.  Probably close to 50/50 overall.

8. American Bison vs Cape Buffalo: The American bison will weigh at least 35% more than the Cape buffalo.  The bison has a very robust neck and shoulder area (its body in front of its shoulders is close to the weight of its body behind the shoulders) and fights primarily by using its head as a battering ram.  The Cape buffalo is not as stocky, but is still a well-proportioned & powerful animal.  It is very aggressive, well-practiced in battling predators, and has horns that curve outward that it uses to gore adversaries with.  At average or maximum weights the bison will dominate this encounter.  I would still favor the massive bison at parity, but only slightly so.  American bison wins.

9. Gorilla vs Hartebeest: The hartebeest will weigh slightly more than a large gorilla.  Gorillas are very strong animals with long arms and a formidable bite, but they don't have a lot of experience dealing with other animal species in combat situations.  The gorilla has the physical ability to restrain the hartebeest's movement with its arms & hands, but it doesn't have the know-how to implement such a strategy.  A hartebeest has thick, curved horns and sharp hooves, but usually chooses to run from danger.  These animals would not realistically be hostile to one another, but in a serious (and hypothetical) battle the hartebeest would have a better idea of what to do offensively.  Edge to hartebeest.  

10. Orangutan vs Chimpanzee: An orangutan can weigh 2/3 as much as a chimpanzee.  Orangutans are massively strong apes with long arms spanning over 2.2 meters wide.  They are typically peaceful animals & aren't skilled combatants, but can deliver a decent bite if threatened.  The orangutan's limbs are very flexible, and it is capable of great range of motion.  Chimpanzees are strong primates, and can be aggressive at times, but usually employ a defensive display to intimidate rivals as opposed to physically engaging them.  They have good mobility, use of their hands, and a dangerous bite to serve them in a conflict.  Chimpanzees don't have the ability to easily dispatch another large animal solo (they aren't practiced at this/usually attack in groups) because they don't have the finishing ability of a predator (like a big cat).  Chimpanzees are more aggressive & boisterous than orangutans (and will have better lateral movement & quickness), and a single chimp will probably be able to force a retreat from the more timid ape in a realistic confrontation.  The orangutan may sustain injuries in a down & dirty fight with a chimpanzee, but its long arms, grabbing hands, & greater strength will be perfect for controlling the movements & positioning of the smaller animal.  A chimpanzee will definitely be favored at parity, but it will have trouble against an orangutan weighing significantly more than it does.  Slight edge to orangutan.

11. Gray Wolf vs Spotted Hyena: The spotted hyena will weigh about 20% more than the gray wolf.  Wolves are superb hunters, and work well as a team to overcome large, formidable prey (elk, moose, bison, etc.).  They have good stamina, and have quick lateral movement.  Spotted hyenas are hardy predators/scavengers that have bone-crushing power in their jaws. They have a muscular neck & shoulder area as well.  Hyenas compete with lions & leopards at kills on occasion, and can usually hold their own against similar-sized predators that cross their paths.  Hyenas are notoriously durable, and can take a lot of abuse from an adversary without yielding their position.  Their movements are somewhat clumsy & awkward compared to many other 4-legged animals (including the gray wolf), but they make up for that with their other assets.  The gray wolf's jaws aren't as strong as a spotted hyena's, but they can still cause damage.  The wolf will have the edge in lateral quickness, but the hyena will have the edge in toughness & bite force.  Edge to spotted hyena.

12. Giraffe vs Siberian Tiger: A giraffe can weigh 5-6 times heavier than a Siberian tiger.  Giraffes are sometimes targeted by lion prides, and many bulls survive encounters with multiple lions.  A giraffe is the tallest land animal at over 18ft, and its vulnerable areas are usually well out of reach.  Its kick is very powerful (especially from its back legs), and a direct hit can easily kill a lion (or any other big cat).  Siberian tigers are great hunters, and usually tackle cervids and suids in their cold habitat.  In order for a Siberian tiger to kill a giraffe, it would need to apply a throat or neck bite.  Getting into such a position will be very difficult, because leaping high upon a giraffe and hanging onto it with over 500lbs of body weight won't be easy because of how the giraffe is shaped (and the fact that the herbivore will be actively resisting).  Each attempt the tiger makes to leap & cling onto the giraffe's hide will be dangerous for it each time it fails (it will be in range of the giraffe's kicks).  The chances of any big cat bringing down a bull giraffe solo is quite small.  Edge to giraffe.  

13. Kodiak Bear vs Siberian Tiger: The Kodiak bear will weigh over twice the Siberian tiger's weight.  Tigers are capable of subduing animals larger than themselves (typically herbivores), but a Kodiak bear presents a greater challenge than a typical prey item.  Siberian tigers occasionally have confrontations with Siberian brown bears, but will avoid ones much larger than themselves.  Bears are not as quick or agile as tigers, but still have the ability to counter-attack one that engages it.  The larger bear will have a hefty strength advantage, and its forelimbs can be used to dictate the positioning of the battle.  A paw swipe from this bear can easily injure the tiger, and the ursid's superior endurance will give it a decisive edge in any prolonged encounter.  A tiger would have a decent chance if the weights were reasonably close, but the felid will have it's work cut out for it against a brown bear of this size.  Kodiak bear wins.

14. Green Anaconda vs Reticulated Python: The python will be longer than the anaconda, but will weigh much less.  The reticulated python will likely have the edge in aggression, agility, & quickness, but those assets won't serve it well once the snakes make contact.  The more powerful anaconda will probably be able to coil & force its position with greater ease than the python will, and should be able to bully the lighter snake more times than not.  It will be difficult for either snake to constrict the other (but not impossible), so it will likely play out with the anaconda dominating long enough to drive the python away.  I would favor the reticulated python at equal weights, but not at usual weights.  Edge to anaconda.

15. African Leopard vs Jaguar: These cats look similar at a glance, but a jaguar is typically heavier (by 50% or more) than a leopard.  Both are among the strongest cats pound-for-pound.  Jaguars are stocky, muscular, and have the greatest bite forces for their size among big cats (capable of crunching through turtle shells & caiman armor).  They kill with a crushing bite to the skull or spine, and can be very aggressive.  Leopards are less robust than jaguars, but are very capable hunters/fighters themselves.  They are known for their ability to drag large prey items into trees (lions & hyenas may try to steal prey items from leopards; the trees provide safety).  Both cats are impressive, but the larger jaguar will use its greater strength to control positioning at the onset of the battle, and will be able to finish with its jaws on most occasions.  Jaguar wins.

16. Moose vs Giant Eland: The moose will only be 70-80% of the eland's weight.  The moose's antlers are large and wide, and would serve as a barrier between itself and the eland, but wouldn't be able to be used offensively to cause serious wounds to the larger antelope.  The moose could use them to try to push or ram the eland, but the eland's larger size will give it the edge in a battle of strength.  The eland is more agile than the top-heavy moose, and will eventually find an opening to stab with its spiral horns.  At equal weights I would slightly favor the moose (because it would then be the stronger animal), but with the weight advantage here the eland would be favored.  Giant eland wins.

17. Yak vs Giant Eland: The yak will slightly outweigh the eland on most occasions.  Yaks are shaggy bovids with long, sharp horns.  They are rather docile animals that seldom show aggression.  Elands are powerful & athletic antelopes with spiraling horns that point backwards (and line up with the plane of its face).  An eland is a strong runner, and will flee from danger if it can.  It can be a tough prey item, even for a lion.  A battle between these 2 will be reasonably close, but the yak will have a bit more size, and its horns are positioned better for combat.  Edge to yak.

18. Chacma Baboon vs Clouded Leopard: The clouded leopard will weigh about 55% of the chacma baboon's weight.  Both of these animals have good mobility, and both possess dangerous bites with long, upper canines.  The clouded leopard has the advantages of agility, quickness, bite force, claws, and a know-how of finishing an opponent with a precisely-placed bite.  The baboon will attempt to bite & stab with its teeth anywhere it can, and will use its size advantage and grabbing hands to help control the positioning of the fight.  At closer weights I would favor the cat, but the baboon is a little too big here.  Edge to chacma baboon.

19. Yak vs Moose: The yak will weigh almost 40% more than the moose.  The moose will be more agile (and probably more aggressive) than the yak, but the yak will be stronger.  The moose's agility advantage won't be great enough to keep the yak from turning to face it.  A very aggressive moose may succeed in forcing a retreat against a yak that isn't committed to the battle, but a determined yak (which can get combative if the situation calls for it) will readily engage.  A moose won't likely kick in a battle with a yak or another herbivore, but will defer to its bread & butter (antlers).  Once the antlers & the horns meet (which is inevitable), the yak will have the strength to bulldoze forward & control the positioning of the battle, and the force applied both ways will have a greater chance of toppling the moose than the other way around.  The horns of the yak will probably cause more serious injuries than the antlers of the moose.  Assuming both combatants are willing to battle it out, the yak will have a greater chance of winning.  Yak wins.

20. Spotted Hyena vs Wildebeest: A wildebeest weighs almost 4 times as much as a spotted hyena.  These 2 animals occasionally cross paths in their African habitats.  Spotted hyenas work better as a team than solo, but are still capable hunters/fighters in one-on-one situations.  Spotted hyenas are durable carnivores with bone-crushing jaws, and have good endurance.  They are somewhat clumsy in their movements.  Wildebeests are hardy antelopes with curved horns and sharp hooves.  They commonly battle hyenas, African wild dogs, and other predators.  In this battle the spotted hyena will try to seize the flank or underbelly of the wildebeest with its powerful jaws and attempt to bring it down, but will have trouble getting around the defenses of the comparatively nimble antelope.  Single hyenas have brought down wildebeests by themselves, but it won't happen on most occasions with a one-on-one encounter.  Edge to wildebeest.

21. Sable Antelope vs Greater Kudu: These antelopes are close in weight.  Only the oryx has longer horns than these 2; the sable antelope's horns curve backwards and the greater kudu's horns spiral upwards (actually line up with the plane of the face).  Sable antelopes are very dangerous quarry for predators, and these antelopes have injured lions when defending themselves.  Greater kudu prefer to flee rather than fight, and aren't as aggressive (or robust) as the sable antelope.  A battle between these 2 will be closer than one might think, but the more battle-tested sable antelope should have the edge.  Sable antelope wins.  

22. Gorilla vs 2 Gray Wolves: A gorilla can weigh about 3 1/2 times as much as a gray wolf.  A gorilla has great strength and a strong bite, but will not have an easy time with 2 gray wolves.  Gray wolves are great at teamwork, and their high level of endurance gives them an edge in any prolonged struggle.  The wolves will try to attack from different sides (primarily a "bite & retreat" method) to confuse & wear down the gorilla, but the ape's long, powerful arms will give it a good measure of control over any wolf that comes too close.  The gorilla will likely flail its forearms in an attempt to intimidate the wolves, and will grab & bite if it gets the chance.  The superior size & strength will help the gorilla in deflecting the wolves' offense, and it should put up enough resistance to drive the canids away.  2 gray wolves can succeed, but won't likely do so on most occasions.  Edge to gorilla.  

23. African Wild Dog vs Cheetah: The cheetah will weigh almost twice as much as the African wild dog.  African wild dogs are great pack hunters.  They have good endurance, strong jaws, and good lateral quickness.  Cheetahs are built for speed (slender builds; non-retractable claws to act as cleats to grip the ground for acceleration), and aren't as adept at fighting as other types of cats (like leopards & jaguars).  Cheetahs are solo hunters, and can't afford to sustain injury in a conflict (an injury may impede hunting & lead to starvation).  A cheetah is certainly capable of forcing an African wild dog to the ground and finishing it with a throat bite (as it does this with animals larger than the African wild dog), but it will likely back down if the canid attempts to engage it face-to-face.  A realistic encounter will favor the African wild dog (as the cheetah will probably choose not to fight), but a serious battle between these two will slightly favor the cheetah.  Overall edge to cheetah.

24. Cape Buffalo vs Lion: A Cape buffalo can weigh close to 3 times as much as a lion.  Lions are agile, athletic & quick, and have great weaponry (jaws & claws).  They usually hunt in a pride, and are well-practiced at tackling large bovids (Cape buffalo, eland).  Cape buffalo are aggressive and unpredictable, and have a large set of horns to defend themselves with.  These bovids have killed lions on occasion.  It usually takes multiple lions to overpower a Cape buffalo, and even though a single lion is certainly capable of defeating one solo, its chances aren't good without an ambush.  The violent offense of the Cape buffalo can easily injure the lion, and it will be hard for the cat to secure a decent throat bite while the huge bovid is resisting.  The buffalo will repel the lion more times thn not.  Cape buffalo wins.

25. White Rhino vs Pygmy Elephant: These 2 can be similar in weight, but a large white rhino can be a bit heavier.  At close weights the elephant will be about 1/3 taller at the shoulder.  The white rhino has a tank-like build and a long frontal horn that can be a serious weapon against any adversary.  The tusks of the pygmy elephant aren't very prominent, and aren't weapons that can be used as effectively as a rhinoceros' horn.  The position of the rhino's horn and its greater aggression give it the edge.  Edge to white rhino.

26. Walrus vs Nile Crocodile: The walrus will weigh over 50% more than the crocodile.  Walruses have thick, tough skin that is very difficult to penetrate.  Crocodile's teeth aren't meant to puncture, but to grab & hold (so the croc can kill by drowning).  A crocodile can overpower a large herbivore at the water's edge because there are many places on the victim's body for the jaws to latch onto (leg, head, etc.),  but the rotund body of the walrus will make it hard for the crocodile to open its jaws wide enough to get a decent grip.  The crocodile could target the tail or a flipper, but this won't likely disable the larger walrus.  The walrus will have the mobility to get into position to impale the crocodile with its tusks (in the side or belly), and should be able to prevail on most occasions (in water or on land).  Walrus wins.

27. Gorilla vs Leopard Seal: A leopard seal can weigh close to double a gorilla's weight.  Gorillas are powerful primates with long arms and sharp canines.  They aren't practiced at battling other species, but are capable combatants with their grabbing hands and high bite forces.  Leopard seals are aggressive predators with sharp teeth, but are at home in the water.  It moves around slowly on land, and can't use its bite as readily as it can when swimming in the water.  A gorilla might not know what to do, but it's better equipped to win a land battle than the leopard seal.  However, in the water, the leopard seal would dominate the gorilla.  Edge to gorilla on land; leopard seal wins in water.

28. Great White shark vs Hippo: A hippo can weigh 20% more than a great white shark.  The thick-skinned hippopotamus can open its jaws over a meter wide, and has long, lower canines used for slashing and forward-protruding lower incisors used primarily for thrusting (in conflicts).  However, hippos aren't really swimmers (they move about in deeper water by walking/bouncing along the bottom) and will have serious mobility issues in water deep enough to accommodate a great white shark.  If the water is too shallow for the shark to move vertically (a need for ambush), it will have trouble dealing with the hippo (sharks aren't great face-to-face fighters).  The great white shark's bite can create a massive avulsion with one chomp, and its mobility in deeper water will enable it to pull this off quite easily.  There's not really a depth in which a fair fight can occur.  The hippo will have the edge in water shallow enough to impede the shark's movements, but the shark will have the edge in water deep enough to allow it to move freely.  Depends on water depth.

29. Wolverine vs Cheetah: The cheetah will weigh over 3 times as much as the wolverine. Cheetahs are built for speed (slender builds; non-retractable claws to act as cleats to grip the ground for acceleration), and aren't as adept at fighting as other types of cats (like leopards & jaguars).  Cheetahs are solo hunters, and can't afford to sustain injury in a conflict (an injury may impede hunting & lead to starvation).  Wolverines are aggressive, durable mustelids with strong jaws (capable of crunching through frozen meat & bone) and sharp claws (suitable for strong digging & raking).  Cheetahs can bring down larger animals that flee from them by knocking them to the ground & finishing them with a throat bite, but a wolverine has the weaponry, flexibility, & strength (among the strongest mammals pound-for-pound) to fight back better than any typical prey item on a cheetah's menu.  Wolverines rarely back down from a fight (even against a more formidable opponent), and cheetahs usually back down from fights (even against less formidable opponents).  In a realistic encounter the wolverine will drive the cheetah away, and in a down & dirty battle the cheetah will probably have the size & strength to dominate initially, but will likely tire before it actually makes a kill.  Depends on how you look at it; close to 50/50.

30. Great White Shark vs African Elephant: The African elephant will weigh about 2 1/2 times as much as the great white shark.  Great white sharks can reach over 20ft in length and weigh close to 5,000lbs.  They have large jaws lined with razor-sharp teeth.  Sharks are ambush predators, and aren't great face-to-face fighters.  African elephants are the largest modern land animal, and can easily reach over 11ft at the shoulder and weigh over 6 tons.  They have powerful trunks and sharp tusks, and can be aggressive.  As with the hippo vs shark matchup, it's hard to find a water depth that will be fair to both animals.  In order for the great white shark to move adequately (horizontally & vertically), a water depth will be required that will impede the elephant's movement (and hamper the mammal's ability to use its offense).  As long as the elephant can move reasonably well through the water, it will have the power to repel the shark (with its trunk, tusks, or weight) if it gets close.  Still, the great white's bite can cause a lot of damage (perhaps to the trunk or the leg) if it isn't deterred.  Considering the body of a great white shark can be over 4ft from the top of the back to the belly, the shark will need plenty of room to swim once the length of the fins are added.  For the shark to have adequate depth to operate, the elephant will need to be in water close to the top of its shoulders.  Deep water (maybe over 8ft) favors the great white shark, shallow water favors the African elephant.

31. Spanish Bull vs Cape Buffalo: These animals will be close in weight.  Cape buffaloes have thick, curved horns that point down & then up, and the base forms a shield of bone (called a boss) to help shield the skull from injury.  Cape buffaloes are ill-tempered by nature (and can't be domesticated), as they have to deal with attacking lions, hyenas, and African wild dogs.  They have been known to kill lions in confrontations, and it usually takes multiple lions to bring one down.  Spanish fighting bulls are very well-muscled in the neck, shoulder & back areas, and have sharp, forward-curving horns that are in great position to impale an attacker.  These bulls can make violent, powerful movements, and are typically very aggressive.  It's hard for most domestic animals to compete with a wild one that deals with the kind of adversity it faces, but the nature of what a Spanish fighting bull does puts it on par with many non-domesticated animals.  The Spanish fighting bulls seen in the barbaric sport of bullfighting aren't 100% (usually weakened by lances being stabbed in their neck muscles which prevents the bulls from lifting their heads high & restricting their range of motion), and aren't the true representation of what these bovids are capable of doing.  They actually have very good lateral movement (probably more so than the Cape buffalo), and can change direction quickly & explosively.  The Spanish fighting bull and the Cape buffalo have similar fighting styles (clashing of head & horns to push & stab), and although the boss of the buffalo will protect its skull better, the forward-point horns of the bull will have greater reach in most head-on charges.  Neither animal has enough of an advantage in any one area to place it above the other, and either one is capable of victory.  Close to 50/50.

32. American Bison vs Hippo: A hippo can weigh 2 to 3 times as much as an American bison.  Bison are strong, stocky, and armed with thick horns that curve up from the sides of their heads.  The bison has a very robust neck and shoulder area and fights primarily by using its head as a battering ram (but will also "hook" with its horns).  The thick-skinned hippopotamus can open its jaws over a meter wide, and has long, lower canines used for slashing and forward-protruding lower incisors used primarily for thrusting (in conflicts).  Hippos are able to move about on land, but their legs are too small (compared to their heavy bodies) to enable them to maintain a prolonged terrestrial lifestyle.  They are well-adapted to the water where their large bodies have buoyancy.  A bison will have a decent mobility advantage on land, but it will need an accumulation of horn strikes to overcome the hippo.  Hippos are somewhat cumbersome on land, but are capable of quick movements in short bursts.  The bison won't be able to maintain a consistent attack without eventually putting itself in range of the hippo's huge jaws, and can be bowled over if the larger animal charges onto it.  An angry, determined bison might succeed in driving a hippo away if the encounter is entirely on land (hippos are much less territorial & assertive on land), but will have too much of a size disadvantage to win if the hippo stands its ground.  I would favor a bison at close weights, but the hippo will typically have entirely too much size.  Hippo wins.

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Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.


From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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