Interspecies Conflict/animal tournament


QUESTION: Hi bk,here is an animal tournament and all of them are in their prime the weight of each animal is given below.Weight is listed in pounds
lion (500) vs anaconda (500) in land
Gorilla(500)vs giant forest hog (600)
Bengal tiger (500) vs black bear (500)
Grizzly bear (600) vs moose(1600)
Spanish fighting bull (1400) vs giant eland(1700)
Cape buffalo (1500) vs elk (1300)
american bison (1600) vs water buffalo (1600)
European bison (1600) vs Siberian tiger(520)
1. winner of 1 vs winner of 2
2. winner of 3 vs winner of 4
3. Winner of 5 vs winner of 6
4. Winner of 7 vs winner of 8
1) winner of 1 vs winner of 2
2) winner of 3 vs winner of 4
and final winner of 1 vs winner of 2

ANSWER: Hello Gautam.

Animal tournament

--- Round #1 ---

lion (500lb) vs anaconda (500lb): Anacondas are excellent ambush predators, but are not adept at taking on similar-sized adversaries (on land) face-to-face.  Anacondas have limited mobility & poor stamina on land, and one would quickly fall victim to the lion's claws & teeth.  The lion's quickness & agility would be enough to keep it from getting coiled on most occasions.  Lion wins.

gorilla (500lb) vs giant forest hog (600lb): Giant forest hogs have tough hide that is hard to penetrate, and have sharp tusks that can readily slash an opponent.  Gorillas are very strong animals with long arms and a formidable bite, but they don't have a lot of experience dealing with other animal species in combat situations.  The gorilla has the physical ability to restrain the hog's movement with its arms (which would be a prudent tactic), but it doesn't have the know-how to strategically take on a charging giant forest hog.  The gorilla will try to swing its arms and attempt to bite the hog, but the more nimble suid will be able to slash at the gorilla with greater ease.  Giant forest hog wins.

Bengal tiger (500lb) vs black bear (500lb): The Bengal tiger will be quicker, more agile, and have better killing experience than the black bear.  The black bear will have more brute strength & endurance.  The tiger will have the agility to eventually obtain a favorable position to land a finishing neck bite, but it won't be easy.  The black bear will have strong paw swipes that can do damage, but they won't be as quick as the tiger's paw swipes.  It's a reasonably close fight, and a long battle will slowly shift the advantage to the bear, but the tiger should have the predatory instincts & skill to defeat the bear more times than not.  Bengal tiger wins.

grizzly bear (600lb) vs moose (1600): Grizzly bears are powerful, aggressive mammals with strong jaws & long claws.  They have great endurance & durability as well.  However, a grizzly bear will struggle against a moose over 2 1/2 times its own weight.  The moose has an impressive set of antlers that can be used as a barrier or a plow against a bear, and it can drive forward with a lot of force.  The tines on the edges of the antlers are sharp, and cause injury.  The grizzly bear will be too small to consistently effect the moose with paw swipes, and it won't have the strength to wrestle it to the ground without great effort.  In addition, the bear won't have the mobility to avoid the moose's charges.  Moose wins.

Spanish fighting bull (1400lb) vs giant eland (1700lb): Spanish fighting bulls are muscular, powerful animals that are capable of making violent turns & thrusts to impale adversaries with their forward-pointing horns.  Elands are the largest antelopes, and are very athletic for their great size.  However, they aren't as powerfully built as the Spanish fighting bull, and aren't nearly as aggressive.  The giant eland's horns aren't positioned as well for battle as the bull's either.  Spanish fighting bull wins.

Cape buffalo (1500lb) vs elk (1300lb): Elk are large cervids with impressive, spread-out antlers with many sharp points.  Cape buffalo are unpredictable, aggressive bovids that have heavy, curved horns used to repel attackers & battle other males.  The Cape buffalo will be too powerful & battle-hardened for the lighter elk to deal with.  Cape buffalo wins.

American bison (1600lb) vs water buffalo (1600lb): American bison fight by headbutting with their massive heads, and hooking/driving their horns into an opponent's body (usually the side).  Water buffalo will use their horns to gore with, and deal with formidable predators (tigers & crocodiles) from time-to-time.  Close contest, but the robust head & shoulder area of the bison (and its more diversified attack) gives it the slight edge.  American bison wins.

European bison (1600lb) vs Siberian tiger (520lb):  Siberian tigers are fantastic hunters of large game (primarily cervids & suids), and occasionally battle brown bears for kills.  Tigers are athletic, agile felids with explosive movements, great weaponry (jaws & claws), and killing know-how.  European bison (wisent) are Europe's largest land animal, and are similar in appearance to the American bison with a few differences (longer legs & horns, less robust build, etc.).  The Siberian tiger would have a good chance to successfully ambush a bison this big, but a face-to-face encounter would present problems for it.  As long as the European bison keeps the tiger in front of it, it will have a decent chance to survive the encounter.  Slight edge to the European bison.

--- Round #2 ---

lion (500lb) vs giant forest hog (600lb): These animals will have a similar shoulder height.  Giant forest hogs among the largest of all suids, and have stocky, durable bodies and sharp tusks that can be used to effectively defend themselves.  It will be vital for the lion to control the head movement of the giant forest hog to keep its dangerous tusks at bay, and to simultaneously mount an offense with bites to the suid's neck area (and perhaps pull it to the ground).  Lions have overpowered larger animals than a giant forest hog, but suids are a unique challenge due to their tough hides, formidable weaponry, and good lateral movement.  A typical encounter will probably end with the giant forest hog driving the lion away, but the felid will prevail more times than not if it's determined to do so.  Slight edge to the lion.

Bengal tiger (500lb) vs moose (1600lb): Bengal tigers are fantastic hunters, and commonly tackle formidable prey like buffalo, wild boar, and even crocodiles.  Although the moose will weigh over 3 times as much as the tiger, these cats are equipped to tackle herbivores this size.  A moose will be able to fend off the tiger initially as long as it keeps its antlers facing the cat, but eventually the agile tiger will find an opening to attack from the side.  Once the tiger clears the antlers, it can hang on with its claws & secure a killing bite to the throat.  Not an easy task, but the tiger should be favored most of the time.  Tiger wins.

Spanish fighting bull (1400lb) vs Cape buffalo (1500lb): Cape buffaloes have thick, curved horns that point down & then up, and the base forms a shield of bone (called a boss) to help shield the skull from injury.  Cape buffaloes are ill-tempered by nature (and can't be domesticated), as they have to deal with attacking lions, hyenas, and African wild dogs.  They have been known to kill lions in confrontations, and it usually takes multiple lions to bring one down.  Spanish fighting bulls are very well-muscled in the neck, shoulder & back areas, and have sharp, forward-curving horns that are in great position to impale an attacker.  These bulls can make violent, powerful movements, and are typically very aggressive.  It's hard for most domestic animals to compete with a wild one that deals with the kind of adversity it faces, but the nature of what a Spanish fighting bull does puts it on par with many non-domesticated bovids.  Close fight at parity, but the Spanish fighting bull is giving up a bit of weight here.  Cape buffalo wins.

American bison (1600lb) vs European bison (1600lb): These 2 are similar in appearance, but there are a few differences.  European bison have lighter builds, longer legs, longer horns, and greater agility.  They also fight like a typical bull, using their horns to hook & impale.  American bison fight by headbutting with their massive heads, and hooking/driving their horns into an opponent's body (usually the side).  These 2 are closely matched, but the stouter build & diverse attack of the American bison will give it the edge.  American bison wins.

--- Round #3 ---

lion (500lb) vs Bengal tiger (500lb): These are 2 very similar creatures biologically, and there are only subtle differences between the two (the lion is slightly taller at the shoulder; the tiger is slightly longer).  The male lion is charged with the protection of the pride.  Other male lions will attempt to invade the pride to gain territory & females, and the leader of the pride must do battle to keep his throne.  As a result, male lions are constantly fighting other male lions.  Even at kills, lions will fight amongst themselves for their share of the food.  Tigers are usually solitary hunters (hunting in pairs has occurred), but males will fight over territory.  The mane of the lion is used primarily to intimidate rivals & attract females, but might also serve to soften the paw swipes of a rival male.  A male tiger is a better hunter than a male lion, but the lion will probably have the slightest of edges in combat with another big cat.  Slight edge to African lion.

Cape buffalo (1500lb) vs American bison (1600lb): Bison have huge shoulder & neck areas, and fight by using their head as a battering ram or hooking with their short, curved horns.  Cape buffaloes are aggressive & unpredictable, and they use their sharp horns to gore as well.  At parity I would give the bison the edge due to the massive frontal region of its body & slightly more diversified offense, and the weight advantage assigned here seals the deal.  American bison wins.

--- Final match ---

lion (500lb) vs American bison (1600lb): Lions are agile, athletic & quick, and have great weaponry (jaws & claws).  They usually hunt in a pride, and are well-practiced at tackling large bovids (Cape buffalo, eland).  It usually takes multiple lions to overpower a Cape buffalo, and the same would be true with an American bison.  A single lion is certainly capable of defeating an American bison, but without an ambush, its chances aren't good.  The powerful charges of the bison can easily injure the lion, and the thick muscular neck area will be hard to secure a decent throat bite on while the huge bovid is resisting.  Bison don't deal with predatory felids the size of a lion like Cape buffalo do, but still have the strength & weaponry to repel a single one more times than not.  American bison wins the matchup & wins the tournament!

Tournament winner: American bison

Best regards.

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Hi again bk congrats for the American bison,my next question is that what is the biggest prey the ever taken by African lion,bengal tiger,siberian tiger,jaguar,leopard ,puma and grizzly bear.Which is the largest subspecies of lion today.And what is the average weight of Yellowstone grizzly bear

Hello again Gautam.

Q: What is the biggest prey taken by the African lion?
A: A pride of lions can overcome subadult elephants, subadult rhinos, hippos, & giraffes, but it isn't a common occurrence because of the danger involved (and the availability of easier prey).  A single lion is capable of subduing a large Cape buffalo (which can exceed 680kg), but can be killed by this dangerous bovid.

Q: What is the biggest prey taken by a Bengal tiger?
A: Bengal tigers have reportedly ambushed gaur successfully, and Indian rhinoceroses have been on the menu as well.  Whether these prey item were full-grown, healthy adults is debatable, but the Bengal tiger is a skilled hunter that has the assets to overpower large prey items like gaur & water buffalo (which can both exceed a ton in weight).

Q: What is the biggest prey taken by a Siberian tiger?
A: Siberian tigers predate upon large cervids (like wapiti, or elk) that can weigh close to twice their own weight.  These huge cats also prey on wild boar, and have been known to include brown bears on their menu.  A Siberian tiger would have difficulty overpowering a bear that exceeded its own weight, but it is capable of doing so in an ambush.  The Siberian tiger doesn't have prey items available to it that get as large as what the Bengal tiger has available to it, but is probably capable of overpowering these larger prey items as well.

Q: What is the biggest prey taken by a jaguar?
A: Jaguars are expert reptile killers, and have predated upon black caiman & anacondas.  A jaguar can overpower a black caiman weighing double its own weight on land (and sometimes attacks them in the water).  Large species of tapir (Baird's & South American) are also on the menu, and these pig-like animals can weigh close to 3 times as much as a jaguar.

Q: What is the biggest prey taken by a leopard?
A: Leopards have reportedly taken eland as prey, but a full-sized eland can exceed 1000kg in weight (and would likely beyond the leopard's capabilities).  A subadult eland is probably the largest prey item taken by a leopard.

Q: What is the biggest prey taken by puma?
A: Pumas are excellent ambush predators that use stealth as well as any other cat.  Large cervids are commonly taken, and the elk is at the top end of the puma's capabilities.  Elk can weigh more than 4 times as much as a puma, and a puma with the right positioning can suffocate one with a neck or snout bite.

Q: What is the biggest prey taken by a grizzly bear?
A: Grizzly bears don't typically seek out large prey items, but have killed subadult (or unhealthy) bison & moose on occasion.  These bear's don't possess the same ambush capabilities or finishing techniques of big cats, but their great strength & impressive weaponry (strong jaws/powerfully wielded claws) give them the ability to overpower one of these large herbivores in an attack.  A full-grown, healthy bison is relatively safe from a bear attack, but large grizzly can predate upon a decent-sized adult if it's determined to do so.

Q: What is the largest subspecies of lion today?
A: African lions are larger than Asiatic lions, and of the African subspecies, the Southeast African lion (Panthera leo krugeri) is likely the largest.  These lions can reach 250kg in weight.

Q: What is the average weight of the Yellowstone grizzly bear?
A: The weight range of a grizzly bear in Yellowstone is vast (with some individuals exceeding 300kg), but the average is probably somewhere between 225kg & 250kg.

Best regards.

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Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.


From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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