Interspecies Conflict/More Battles

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Question
Hello again BK,here are some more animal battles I've been wondering about.The list is pretty long so you could be short in answers. here goes

1 Brown Bear vs Walrus
2 Clouded Leopard vs Gray Wolf
3 Jaguar vs Cougar
4 Sable Antelope vs Forest Buffalo
5 Giant Forest Hog vs Rusian Wild Boar
6 Male African Lion vs Brown Bear
7 Giant Eland vs Cape Buffalo
8 Nile Crocodile vs Baluga Whale
9 Gaur vs cougar
10 Gray Kangaroo vs Dhole
11 Polar Bear vs Kodiak Bear
12 Sun Bear vs Snow Leopard  
13 African Leopard vs Cougar
14 Black Rhino vs Giraffe
15 Great White Shark vs Killer Whale
16 Great white shark vs Nile Crocodile
17 yak vs Cape Buffalo
18 Wildebeest vs Orangutan
thanks
Thanks

Answer
Hello Gian.


1) Brown Bear vs Walrus: Because there are various types of brown bears, we'll use the largest one (Kodiak bear) for this matchup.  A bull walrus can weigh over twice as much as a Kodiak bear.  Walruses are rotund mammals with extremely tough hides and long tusks (over 3' long each).  Kodiak bears are powerful mammals with great strength, endurance, durability, & weaponry (strong jaws & long claws).  A swipe from a bear's paw can have a profound impact on most targets, but an walrus is much larger than anything a Kodiak bear encounters.  Polar bears struggle to overpower walruses of similar size, and they have experience dealing with pinnipeds.  Kodiak bears don't.  A determined Kodiak bear will have the arsenal to compete with an equal-sized walrus if its weaponry is coupled with experience, but even then it will be bullied around on most occasions.  A full-grown bull walrus has little to worry about from a polar bear (on land or in water), and the same is true regarding the Kodiak bear.  The walrus won't be able to subdue the bear, but it will drive it away.  Walrus wins.

2) Clouded Leopard vs Gray Wolf: The grey wolf will weigh over 2 1/2 times more than the clouded leopard.  Clouded leopards are quick & very agile, and have upper canines as long as matchsticks.  Grey wolves have strong bites & great endurance.  The clouded leopard has the ability to injure the wolf with its long teeth & sharp claws, but it won't have a way to effectively repel the big bite of the much larger animal on most occasions.  Gray wolf wins.

3) Jaguar vs Cougar: A jaguar will weigh around 40-50% more than the cougar.  The habitats of these 2 cats overlap, and the cougar knows to give way to the larger cat.  Jaguars are stocky, muscular, & powerful.  They are the strongest big cat (pound-for-pound), have extremely strong jaws (can bite through caiman armor & turtle shells), and typically kill prey items with a bite to the skull or spine.  Cougars are comparatively slender, but are very athletic & agile.  A cougar is taller at the shoulder and has longer legs (and greater reach in a "swipe war"), but doesn't have the power to compete against a jaguar in a battle for position.  The hefty weight advantage & the larger/stronger jaws win this for the jaguar.

4) Sable Antelope vs Forest Buffalo: An African forest buffalo will have a large weight advantage (over 2/3 as much) over a sable antelope.  Sable antelopes have long horns that curve backwards, and these horns make formidable weapons against attackers (including lions!).  However, in a horn vs horn affair, the large bovid will usually be favored.  The African forest buffalo will have too much size & power to lose to the smaller antelope.  Forest buffalo wins.

5) Giant Forest Hog vs Russian Wild Boar: Giant forest hogs are the largest of suids, and can be 1/3 heavier than a large wild boar.  Russian wild boars reportedly can approach or even exceed the weight of a giant forest hog on occasion, but this won't be typical.  The tusks of the giant forest hog are generally 1/3 longer than a wild boar's of similar weight.  The wild boar's tusks can sometimes jut straight out from the sides of its mouth.  The giant forest hog's body will be stockier and more robust, but the Russian wild boar will likely have more aggression & better lateral quickness (which may lead to greater ease in weaponry use).  Close fight at parity (edge to the Russian wild boar), but a giant forest hog will be favored if it's a bit heavier.  Depends on the weights.

6) Male African Lion vs Brown Bear: The term "brown bear" covers a range of bears, including Siberian brown bears, grizzly bears, and Kodiak bears.   A brown bear vs a lion at equal weights is a close fight.  The brown bear will be stronger, more durable, and have greater endurance.  The lion will be quicker, more agile, and will be more practiced at killing other large animals (with the technique of getting into position to secure a finishing neck/throat/snout/spine bite).  Bears typically overpower adversaries with brutalization (bites/paw swipes/clawing).  Lions don't encounter bears in the wild, but male lions battle each other quite often, and one will have a chance to hold its own against a bear close to its own weight.  However, most brown bears will weigh a lot more than a male lion, and their advantages will increase with the added size & strength.  Lions can tackle large animals and do so on a regular basis, but a bear's ability to fight back more effectively than a typical herbivore will make overcoming one a difficult task for a male lion.  Close to 50/50 at equal weights, but most of the time the brown bear will be much heavier.  Brown bear wins.

7) Giant Eland vs Cape Buffalo: The giant eland will generally weigh about 1/3 more than the Cape buffalo.  Giant elands are huge antelope with spiral-shaped horns than point backward (level with the plane of their faces).  These horns aren't positioned as well for combat than the Cape buffalo's (curve down & then up; protruding from the sides of the head).  Cape buffalo are much more aggressive & battle-tested than giant eland (who prefer to run from danger), and have been known to mortally wound attacking lions.  The Cape buffalo is much more formidable than the giant eland pound-for-pound, and despite giving up a lot of weight, will be more capable in a physical altercation.  Edge to Cape buffalo.

8) Nile Crocodile vs Beluga Whale: A beluga whale can weigh around 50% more than a Nile crocodile.  Nile crocodiles can effectively pull large animals into the water & dispatch them with its famous "death roll", but this technique won't be as dominant when used on a large aquatic animal.  The crocodile can certainly injure the beluga whale with a bite in the right location, but the mammal's rotund build will make this a tough challenge.  However, with the whale's lack of great speed & moderate bite (which it uses to feed on fish, crustaceans, & other small prey items) it will not have an effective way to easily injure the crocodile.  The crocodile won't attack an animal this size, and the beluga whale probably won't bother it.  A stalemate will realistically occur, but the better overall assets (offensive & defensive) of the Nile crocodile will give it the edge.

9) Gaur vs Cougar: A gaur can weigh over 10 times as much as a cougar (and perhaps much more).  Gaurs are the world's largest bovids, and have muscular bodies & sharp curved horns.  Even the mighty Bengal tiger will have major problems in a face-to-face confrontation with a bull gaur.  Cougars are superb hunters, but elk are usually at the top end of their capabilities (and even the largest elk weigh half as much as a gaur).  Even if ambushed by the cougar, the gaur will likely shake it off with little trouble.  No modern predator will be favored in a face-to-face confrontation with a bull gaur.  Gaur wins.

10) Gray Kangaroo vs Dhole: The gray kangaroo will weigh over 3 times as much as the dhole (Asiatic wild dog).  Kangaroos occasionally deal with dingos, which are canids that are similar in size to dholes.  A single adult kangaroo is typically safe from a single dingo (it usually takes more than one to capture a full-grown kangaroo), and a single dhole will likely offer a similar challenge.  Kangaroos can kick strongly with their powerful legs, and one can easily injure an attacking dingo (or dhole) by doing so.  Gray kangaroo wins.

11) Polar Bear vs Kodiak Bear: These bears will be close in weight.  The polar bear is very strong from nose-to-tail (can pull large aquatic animals from the water, bust holes through thick ice, often tussles with large walruses), but isn't as confrontational as most brown bears.  The Kodiak bear has a more muscular shoulder area (and likely has a stronger paw swipe) and longer claws.  A realistic encounter will probably end up with the Kodiak bear driving the polar bear away.  Close fight; edge to Kodiak bear.

12) Sun Bear vs Snow Leopard: These animals will be close in weight.  Sun bears can weigh close to 145lb which is more than the typical top-end weight for the snow leopard (120lb), but a big snow leopard can reportedly approach 165lb in rare cases.  The sun bear is not as powerful pound-for-pound as a brown bear or even a black bear, but it brings a lot to the table.  It has loose skin, can easily turn to bite an attacker, and has long, sharp claws that can do a lot of damage.  The snow leopard is also not as formidable pound-for-pound as the larger big cats, but it can tackle prey over 3 times its weight.  In a normal encounter, the sun bear will drive the snow leopard away, but in an equal-weight fight to the finish I favor the more-predatory snow leopard.  Either animal will gain the edge with a weight advantage, though.

13) African Leopard vs Cougar: The puma can weigh about 15% heavier than the leopard.  The puma is taller at the shoulder, and will have a slight reach advantage in a paw-swipe exchange.  The leopard is stronger pound-for-pound (and drags heavy prey items up into trees), and has a larger head & neck area.  Both cats are battle-tested (pumas deal with wolves, wolverines, & bears; leopards deal with lions, hyenas, baboons, etc.).  At equal weights I favor the leopard, but at max weights I give the slight edge to the puma.

14) Black Rhino vs Giraffe: These animals usually weigh about the same (around 1.5 tons) in full-sized adults.  The black rhinoceros is aggressive & built like a tank.  It has a frontal horn that can reach over 4ft in length, and the rhino can use this weapon with a lot of force.  Giraffes are typically peaceful animals, but they can deliver powerful kicks with their heavy hooves to deter enemies.  A kick from a giraffe (especially from the back legs) can injure most other animals with a direct hit, but it will find it hard to connect its hoof into a charging rhinoceros.  The rhino can readily thrust its horn into the taller animal, and has the power to knock the giraffe over with a charge.  The rhino's higher level of aggression & better weaponry make it too formidable for a giraffe to deal with.  Black rhinoceros wins.

15) Great White Shark vs Killer Whale: A great white shark rarely exceeds 4,400lb, but weights over 5,000lb may be possible.  A killer whale can weigh as much as an elephant (6-8 tons), and is 50% longer than the shark.  Great white sharks are great ambush predators (typically attack from underneath & deliver bite with razor-sharp teeth), but aren't great face-to-face combatants.  Killer whales are intelligent & crafty, and often strategize with others in the pack to capture prey.  Their jaws are large, and their conical teeth can reach 4" in length.  Although a shark is capable of making quick movements, it is not as maneuverable in the water as a killer whale.  The killer whale's greater size & better mobility will be its greatest advantages in this battle.  Killer whale wins.

16) Great White Shark vs Nile Crocodile: The great white shark can be over twice as heavy as the Nile crocodile.  In open water, the shark will have greater mobility, and will have a better chance to land a bite.  The bites of each animal will do different things, and their hides are different as well.  A shark's bite is meant to slice, and a crocodile's bite is to grab & hold (they mainly kill by drowning).  The hide of the crocodile is largely covered by osteoderms (bony plates), but there are some areas on a crocodile's body that can be readily breached by the razor-sharp teeth of the shark.  Sharks have tough hide as well, and their rotund bodies will make it hard for the crocodile to hold on tight because of the wide gape that will be required.  The crocodile can attack a fin, and a nose bite might be effective, but the shark will have better success in a bite war.  At equal weights I favor a crocodile in shallow water (because the shark often relies on vertical mobility when it attacks) and the shark in deeper water (due to better mobility).  At the given weights, the shark is too large.  Great white shark wins.

17) Yak vs Cape Buffalo: The yak will weigh over 1/3 more than the Cape buffalo.  Yaks have long horns curving up from each side of their heads, but they are typically docile.  A Cape buffalo can be aggressive & unpredictable, and is battle-tested (often deals with lions & other African predators).  It can utilize its thick, sharp horns to gore an adversary.  A determined yak has the size to repel a Cape buffalo, but doesn't have the mentality.  The buffalo will force a retreat from the yak.  Edge to Cape buffalo.

18) Wildebeest vs Orangutan: A wildebeest can weigh between 2 1/2 and 3 times as much as an orangutan.  Wildebeests are hardy antelopes with ox-like horns.  They are battle-tested herbivores, having to deal with lions, hyenas, crocodiles, and African wild dogs on occasion.  Orangutans are generally peaceful apes with long arms (7.5ft span) and great strength.  They aren't very mobile on the ground, and one won't be able to apply any effective offense against a wildebeest that has a size/power advantage and greater lateral quickness.  The horns of the wildebeest will be able to plow into the orangutan and the ape won't have the ability to stop it from happening.  Wildebeest wins.


Best regards.

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BK

Expertise

Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.

Experience

From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Education/Credentials
Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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