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Interspecies Conflict/Interspecies Conflict

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Question
Hi again BK its nice to be speaking with again and I hope every thing is going great. And so here are more animal fights I would like you to take a look at.

Lion vs Green Anaconda

Gorilla vs Bengal Tiger

Walrus vs Jaguar

Black Rhino vs Nile Crocodile

Colossal Squid vs African Elephant

Snow Leopard vs Cheetah

Gorilla vs Cougar

Colossal Squid vs Killer Whale

Thank You

Answer
Hello Trish.  Good to hear from you as always.


Lion vs Green Anaconda: Lions typically weigh more than green anacondas.  A large male lion can weigh 250kg, and a green anaconda seldom exceeds 181kg (which is about the weight of an average male lion or a maximum-sized lioness).  Anacondas are excellent ambush predators, but are not adept at taking on similar-sized adversaries (on land) face-to-face.  Anacondas have limited mobility & poor stamina on land, and would quickly fall victim to the lion's claws & teeth (which may damage the snake's head or spinal column).  Male lions are among the best fighters in the cat family, as they routinely defend their prides against other male lions and sometimes help the pride tackle larger prey items.  They are agile, athletic, well-armed, and can make explosive movements.  The lion will be too quick to be captured by the anaconda's coils, and even if the snake latches onto the cat with its jaws (to create an "anchoring point" and pull its coils toward the victim), the lion's violent resistance will likely keep the anaconda from gaining any meaningful position.  Simply put, a lion can fight back better than a typical prey item targeted by an anaconda.  In shallow water the anaconda would fare better, but it would still be outmatched by the weaponry of the larger cat.  At equal weights (in shallow water), it will be close (slight edge to lion).  Once the water gets too deep for the lion to touch the bottom, it will struggle to compete against the anaconda.  The lion won't be able to apply its offense (paw swipes, clawing, biting) effectively if it can't touch the ground.  If the lion has its typical weight advantage, it will certainly have a chance anyway, but it won't be easy.  At equal weights (in deep water) the lion will be in trouble.  Lion wins on land, edge to lion in shallow water, edge to anaconda in deep water.

Gorilla vs Bengal Tiger: A Bengal tiger will be about 30% heavier than a gorilla.  A Bengal tiger's agility, jaws/claws, & killing experience will enable it to make short work of any gorilla.  Gorillas are very strong (and have powerful forearms, grabbing hands, and strong bites), but they aren't used to taking on similar-sized predators as formidable as a tiger.  The tiger's claws will cause serious injuries to the gorilla, and the cat's agility will enable it to get into a position to land a finishing bite to the neck or throat.  A gorilla will need to be close to twice the weight of a big cat to consistently compete with it, and the Sumatran tiger falls into that category (I would still favor the tiger, however).  Once big cats start approaching the size of a jaguar or a Sumatran tiger (both can exceed 300lb), they become too much for a gorilla to deal with.  Bengal tigers occasionally predate upon gaur, water, buffalo, wild boar, and other dangerous herbivores that are much more formidable than a gorilla.  Bengal tiger wins.  

Walrus vs Jaguar: The walrus will weigh anywhere from 10-13 times as much as a large jaguar.  A walrus has very tough hide and long tusks (sometimes reaching 3ft in length).  It can be more than a match for the polar bear, which is (along with the Kodiak bear) the largest land carnivore.  A walrus is much more at home (and much more dangerous) in the water than on land, but it's a tough customer in either location.  A jaguar hunts a variety of animals including caiman, tapirs, peccaries, and capybaras.  It can kill with a bite to the skull or spine, and its jaws can exert a tremendous amount of force.  The jaguar is also widely considered to be the strongest feline pound-for-pound.  A land battle will grant the jaguar a significant mobility and quickness advantage, but the cat will not be able to make much headway by using these assets.  It will be able to avoid the walrus' offense with ease, but will have difficulty trying to kill it.  The jaguar can leap upon the walrus, but securing a solid skull bite on an animal this large will not be easy (especially with the pinniped actively resisting).  A stalemate might occur on land, and the jaguar likely won't even attempt an attack on this huge animal.  Jaguars love the water, but one will be in big trouble if it gets into the water with an angry walrus.  The walrus will be too maneuverable to avoid, and the jaguar will risk getting impaled.  Walrus wins.  

Black Rhino vs Nile Crocodile: The black rhinoceros will be 50% heavier than a huge Nile crocodile.  On land, the black rhino will dominate.  It can gore the crocodile with its horn and trample it.  The rhino's body is too stout for the crocodile to clamp onto effectively, and even a bite on the leg won't keep the rhinoceros from dragging it around.  In water, the rhinoceros will still be too large and stout for the crocodile to drown.  As long as the rhino can touch the bottom, it can overpower the crocodile at every stage of the fight.  In deep water (even though rhinos can swim) the rhino won't be able to employ its weapons to effectively attack the crocodile, and the crocodile will have the advantage (even though it won't be able to actually kill the rhino) due to its superior mobility.  Nile crocodiles have ganged up on single black rhinos at the water's edge at times, but a full-grown adult is typically safe from crocodile predation.  Black rhino wins.

Colossal Squid vs African Elephant: An African elephant will weigh at least 12 times as much as the colossal squid.  The elephant has a huge body with thick limbs, and its strength is immense.  Its tusks can gore adversaries, and its muscular trunk (close to 300lb in weight) can be an asset as well in typical confrontations.  An elephant can swim, but its ability to use its weaponry and weight in an offensive manner is quite limited once it gets into deep water.  A colossal squid is armed with long tentacles (to snare and hold victims) and a sharp beak (to bite).  It is slow-moving, but can ambush quickly when prey draws near.  In shallow water the elephant will be largely immune to anything the squid attempts, and will easily be able to move wherever it wants to despite the squid's efforts.  Only in deep water will a squid have any chance at all, and this is only if the cephalopod grabs the pachyderm in such a way to impede its ability to remain above water.  African elephant wins.

Snow Leopard vs Cheetah: These cats will be reasonably close in weight, but their relatively different builds will make this battle somewhat one-sided.  The snow leopard is a solidly-built cat with strong jaws and sharp claws, and it can kill prey items much larger than itself.  The cheetah is built for speed and is rather lithe in comparison to the snow leopard.  Its semi-retractable claws serve as cleats to grip the ground when it runs, and they aren't nearly as sharp as the snow leopard's retractable claws.  A cheetah can't afford to be injured (this will impede its ability to hunt), and will avoid a dangerous conflict unless it is absolutely necessary to do so.  The snow leopard is stronger, more robust, and better-armed than the cheetah.  Snow leopard wins.

Gorilla vs Cougar: The gorilla will be about twice the cougar's weight.  The cougar will have some advantages in this fight, including agility, athleticism, quickness, use of paws & claws, and killing experience.  A cougar can kill prey items much larger than itself by ambushing and dispatching them with a bite to the neck or snout (to induce suffocation).  However, this is face-to-face, and a gorilla will offer a different type of defense than a typical prey item a cougar may target.  A gorilla is brutally strong, and has grabbing hands & long, powerful arms than can help dictate the positioning of the battle or deliver blows to the felid's body.  The bite of the gorilla is dangerous as well (long canines, strong bite force).  The claws of the cougar can certainly cause significant damage to the gorilla's hide, but the overall offense of the much larger ape will usually be enough to deter the cat more times than not.  Edge to gorilla.

Colossal Squid vs Killer Whale: A killer whale will weigh at least 12 times as much as a colossal squid.  Large squids are sometimes depicted as formidable adversaries for sperm whales, but these encounters are actually predator/prey.  A killer whale isn't as large as a sperm whale, but it is a very competent adversary for anything in the sea.  Its jaws have pointed teeth (some 4" in length) on the top and bottom, and these can be used to hold or tear flesh.  The killer whale is very intelligent, and groups of them (pods) can form strategies to capture prey.  The squid might cause problems for the killer whale if it wraps its tentacles tightly around it, but the mammal will be large enough to continue to move about.  The killer whale's bite can be very damaging to the squid's soft body, and its mobility in the water will keep it from being ensnared on most occasions.  Killer whale wins.


Best regards.

Interspecies Conflict

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Expertise

Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.

Experience

From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Education/Credentials
Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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