Interspecies Conflict/More Fights

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Question
Hello BK its nice to be talking to you again and I hope every thing is going good. So here are more animal conflicts I would like your opinion on.

African Elephant vs Elephant Seal

African Elephant vs Walrus

Gray Wolf vs Wolverine

Jaguar vs Cougar

Lion vs Moose

Black Bear vs Bengal Tiger

Cape Buffalo vs Camel

Thank You

Answer
Hello Trish.  Good to hear from you.


African Elephant vs Elephant Seal: An African elephant will weigh at least 50% more than an elephant seal (if we use the Southern one).  A full-grown African elephant faces no real challenges against any other type of animal in its habitat.  Its great size and strength is often enough to repel lion prides, and its sharp tusks can be dangerous weapons as well.  Males looking to mate may battle one another, and these brawls can sometimes end with fatalities.  Elephant seals are huge mammals that are primarily aquatic.  They can outweigh rhinos.  Male elephant seals battle one another on land by posturing up face-to-face and landing bites forcefully and violently.  These battles can be bloody.  An elephant seal is a practiced fighter, but it's no match for an African elephant.  The elephant seal won't have the mobility on land to avoid the charges of the elephant, and the bites of the seal won't be very effective against a target that moves faster than another elephant seal will.  Even in shallow water the elephant will be too big and strong for the seal to deal with.  Only in deep water where the elephant's movement is greatly impeded will the elephant seal have any chance at all.  African elephant wins.

African Elephant vs Walrus: An African elephant can weigh over 3 times as much as a walrus. Walruses have thick, tough hide that gives them great protection from many attacks and long tusks (around 3ft long) that can be used to stab.  They often encounter the predatory polar bear, but a large bull walrus can often repel one without much trouble.  Although a bull walrus has little to fear in its own habitat, it won't have much of a chance against an African elephant.  The walrus will be able to injure the elephant with a tusk stab, but won't likely get into a position to make that action a reality before it gets trampled or gored by the much larger animal.  The walrus' hide will give it a barrier against the elephant's tusks on occasion, but it will be breached with enough weight behind the charge.  The elephant can lean its weight against the walrus and cause serious problems for it, and the walrus will have the same mobility limitations as the elephant seal and won't be able to effectively defend itself.  Even in shallow water it will be overwhelmed.  In water deep enough for the walrus to swim about freely and deep enough to seriously impede the elephant's mobility, the walrus may have a chance, but it's highly unlikely the walrus would even attempt an attack at all.  No animal alive today that lives on land or that can venture onto land from the water can defeat an elephant in a confrontation on land.  African elephant wins.

Gray Wolf vs Wolverine: A gray wolf can weigh as much as 3 wolverines.  A gray wolf usually hunts and fights with help from the pack, but a single one can be a daunting adversary for some animals.  The wolf's only weapon is its bite, but it's a big one, and the wolf has the lateral movement to employ it effectively against the stockier mustelid.  Wolverines have sharp claws on their powerful limbs, and their jaws can crunch through frozen meat and bone.  It commonly drives larger animals (bears & wolves) away from kills, and is physically one of the strongest mammals pound-for-pound.  Wolverines have supple bodies that enable them to fight off of their backs and make quick turns to make counter-attacks.  As ferocious and bold as the wolverine can be, it is seriously outweighed here against a very capable predatory combatant.  A wolverine will likely drive the wolf away in a realistic confrontation, but a determined gray wolf can be serious trouble for it.  Not an easy contest for the wolf, but it should have the size and bite to eventually pull this off.  Gray wolf wins.  

Jaguar vs Cougar: A jaguar can weigh approximately 50% more than a cougar.  The habitats of these 2 cats overlap, but the stealthy cougar likely avoids the larger jaguar for its safety.  A jaguar is considered by many to be the strongest cats pound-for-pound, and its massively powerful bite can crunch through turtle shells and caiman armor.  The jaguar will seize a prey item (usually caiman, capybara, or peccary) with its sharp claws, get into a favorable position, and deliver a killing bite to the skull or spinal column.  The cougar is not as stocky as the jaguar, but it is a very quick and athletic cat that can ambush and dispatch prey items much heavier than itself (like elk and other deer).  A cougar is probably a bit quicker than the jaguar and its longer limbs might give it a reach advantage in a "swipe war", but a jaguar will be in complete control once it initiates close-quarters contact with the smaller cat.  Jaguar wins.  

Lion vs Moose: A moose will weigh close to 3 times as much as a lion.  Lions are capable hunters and fighters.  Not only do male lions battle each other for territory and females, they also help the lionesses in tackling large, dangerous prey on occasion.  A lion's quickness, agility, power, and weaponry (jaws and claws) are great assets in a conflict.  Lions are capable of bringing down animals larger than themselves, and often deal with the dangerous Cape buffalo.  Single lions have killed adult Cape buffalo from time-to-time, and a Cape buffalo is a more formidable animal than a moose.  Moose, however, are no pushovers.  The moose has heavy, wide-spreading antlers that have a large surface area (flat bone with points on the edges) that can act somewhat as a plow or a shield in a confrontation.  A moose is the most powerfully-built cervid, and often defends itself from wolves and bears (Siberian tigers prey on moose in Asia).  The moose will try to use its antlers to ram and push against the attacking lion (and the sharp tines along the antler's edges can cause stabbing injuries) and kick/trample by using its hooves.  A large moose has a good chance to repel a lion in a face-to-face encounter, but a lion can succeed in a kill if it's determined.  The quickness of the lion will enable it to avoid a lot of the moose's offense, and the practiced predator should be able to find an opening (where it can seize the moose and get into position to clamp on with a good neck bite).  A moose may have the edge in most realistic encounters, but a lion armed with persistence will get the job done more times than not based on its skill, physical attributes, and predatory know-how.  Overall, slight edge to lion.   

Black Bear vs Bengal Tiger: These animals will be close in weight.  Black bears aren't as aggressive or formidable as brown bears, but they are still capable fighters with the attributes shared by various bears (great strength & endurance, large paws & claws, strong jaws, durability).  Black bears have killed hunting dogs with ease on many occasions.  They are omnivorous, and seldom predate upon large animals.  They occasionally cross paths with cougars and wolves, but don't deal with cats the size of a tiger.  Bengal tigers are superb hunters capable of ambushing and killing large gaur and buffalo.  Bengal tigers have the big-cat attributes (athleticism, quickness, agility, killing know-how) and weaponry (strong jaws, sharp teeth & claws) to be a danger to most animals they come across.  A black bear would be able to repel a Bengal tiger in a confrontation, but the tiger would have a decent chance of subduing the bear with a throat bite as well.  The black bear's forepaw usage will make it challenging for the tiger to secure a good position as easily as it would with a typical prey item (cervid, bovid, suid, etc.), but its ability to make explosive movements at a high level will give it a chance to accomplish this.  Close battle, but the Bengal tiger is more accustomed to getting into conflicts with large animals than the black bear is.  The black bear will need a bit more of a weight advantage (probably 20-25%) to make this a 50/50 fight.  Edge to Bengal tiger.

Cape Buffalo vs Camel: A large camel can weigh 1/3 more than a Cape buffalo.  Cape buffalo are among Africa's most dangerous animals.  They are armed with thick horns and sharp hooves, and their strong builds and fierce dispositions make them difficult prey items for lions and hyenas.  Camels don't encounter nearly the same level of predatory danger as Cape buffalo do, but male camels occasionally battle one another.  A camel's kick is strong (and it will bite), but 2 males will usually attempt to "wrestle" one another by using their necks in an attempt to force each other to the ground.  A camel attempting this against a Cape buffalo will likely receive injuries from the buffalo's horns, and a camel probably won't be able to avoid getting gored regardless of its actions in this battle.  The Cape buffalo will simply have better ways to injure the camel than the other way around.  Cape buffalo wins.


Interesting questions as always!


Best regards.

Interspecies Conflict

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BK

Expertise

Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.

Experience

From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Education/Credentials
Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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