Interspecies Conflict/More Fights

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Question
Hi again BK, here are some more interesting animal conflicts I would like you to take a look at.

Cape Buffalo vs Leopard Seal

Wolverine vs Komodo Dragon

Nile Crocodile vs Giant Forest Hog

Gorilla vs Green Anaconda

Snow Leopard vs Cassowary

Black bear vs Wildebeest

Lion vs Jaguar

Thank You

Answer
Hello Trish.


Cape Buffalo vs Leopard Seal: The Cape buffalo will weigh about 50% more than a large leopard seal.  Cape buffaloes have thick, curved horns that point down & then up, and the base forms a shield of bone (called a boss) to help shield the skull from injury.  Their bodies are solid and muscular.  Cape buffaloes are ill-tempered by nature (and can't be domesticated), as they have to deal with attacking lions, hyenas, and African wild dogs.  They have been known to kill lions in confrontations, and it usually takes multiple lions to bring one down.  Leopard seals are aggressive predators with large jaws and pointed teeth.  The leopard seal isn't very mobile on land, and won't have effective offense or defense when dealing with a Cape buffalo.  In shallow water the seal's chances will improve with greater mobility, but its jaws won't be able to cause as much damage to the buffalo as the buffalo's horns will cause to it.  A deep water battle will certainly favor the leopard seal, but the Cape buffalo will have the edge in water shallow enough for it to move around reasonably well.  Overall edge to Cape buffalo.  

Wolverine vs Komodo Dragon: A large Komodo dragon can weigh 4 to 5 times as much as a wolverine.  The wolverine is among the strongest mammals pound-for-pound, and has a well-earned reputation of being a formidable and ferocious fighter.  Wolverines have been known to drive bears and wolves from kills, and can predate upon animals much larger than themselves.  These mustelids have supple bodies, thick fur, strong limbs with sharp claws, and bone-crushing bites.  Very few animals can compete with a wolverine at close weights.  The Komodo dragon is the world's largest lizard, some measuring over 10ft in length.  They have armor-like hides (many small osteoderms), huge claws, and a set of very sharp teeth.  It was once believed that the Komodo dragon's bite was effective in killing its prey based on the presence of deadly bacteria, but it is now known that this bite can produce a toxin that can induce shock.  The wolverine will have a mobility advantage over the komodo, but will have a tough time inflicting enough damage to dispatch the reptile before receiving a bite itself.  This is a reasonable close fight despite the weight difference, but the Komodo dragon will bring more to the table than just size.  Edge to Komodo dragon.

Nile Crocodile vs Giant Forest Hog: A Nile crocodile can weigh 3 times as much as a giant forest hog. A Nile crocodile is heavily covered in osteoderms (bony growths) that serve as armor, and it has a tremendously strong bite force.  Its teeth are used to grip prey items and pull them into the water to drown.  Crocodiles have limited mobility and stamina on land, but are capable of making quick movements in short bursts.  The giant forest hog is among the largest of all wild pigs.  They can be very dangerous (have sharp tusks and can make quick turns), and have tough hides that afford them protection from many attacks.  A land battle will be reasonably close, but a giant forest hog will have trouble injuring the armored crocodile without targeting specific areas, and getting close enough to do so will put in in range of the reptile's jaws.  Once seized by the crocodile, the hog's offense will be largely neutralized, and the stronger crocodile will be in control.  The giant forest hog might succeed in driving the crocodile away if it can deliver a couple of slashes without getting grabbed, but actually killing the larger animal will be a very difficult task.  Any water added to the equation will swing things strongly in the crocodile's favor.  Edge to Nile crocodile on land; Nile crocodile wins easily in water.

Gorilla vs Green Anaconda: A gorilla can weigh about 15% more than a large green anaconda.  Gorillas have a natural fear of snakes.  They are very strong physically, and have long arms with grabbing hands.  A gorilla's upper canines can measure 2" in length, and its bite force is quite high.  On land the gorilla (assuming it attacks) will have a decent chance of crushing the snake's comparatively delicate head and will be strong enough to keep the anaconda from gaining too much headway with its coils.  Anacondas are experts at ambush, but aren't great face-to-face fighters on land due to poor stamina and limited mobility.  Gorillas don't do well in water, and a battle there will give the anaconda much greater mobility and endurance.  The gorilla may be able to free itself from the anaconda's coils if it doesn't panic, but it may not have the know-how to perform the actions to do so.  Edge to gorilla on land; edge to green anaconda in water.

Snow Leopard vs Cassowary: These animals will be close in weight.  The snow leopard will have the typical felid attributes (speed, agility, athleticism, killing know-how, jaws & claws) and the ability to kill animals larger than itself.  The cassowary is generally considered to be the world's most dangerous bird due to its dangerous kicks.  Its claws can easily rip open an attacker.  The snow leopard will need to avoid these kicks and leap upon the bird to bring it to the ground.  A snow leopard that is tentative or non-committal may easily be driven away by an angry cassowary, but should be able to prevail with a focused attack.  The snow leopard may sustain a serious injury while dispatching the cassowary, and can fail if it's not careful.  Snow leopard wins.

Black bear vs Wildebeest: A wildebeest weighs a little bit more than a black bear.  Black bears aren't as aggressive or formidable as brown bears, but they are still capable fighters with the attributes shared by various bears (great strength & endurance, large paws & claws, durability).  Black bears are excellent climbers and good swimmers.  They aren't practiced at tackling animals as large as a wildebeest, but have the tools to dispatch one at close quarters.  Wildebeests are a common prey item on the plains of Africa, but they are no pushovers.  Their curved horns and sharp hooves can be effective weapons, and they use these to defend themselves from lionesses, leopards, hyenas, and other predators.  The black bear won't have the mobility to consistently avoid a charge from the wildebeest, but will have the strength to pull it to the ground if it can grab onto it.  A wildebeest will realistically drive the black bear away if they are in an open area, but a black bear determined to make a kill (which won't be as typical with a black bear than with a brown bear) will have a chance.  I usually favor bears over bovids at equal weights, and although the black bear isn't the most formidable bear pound-for-pound, the same can be said for the wildebeests among bovids.  Edge to wildebeest in realistic scenario (will repel bear); edge to black bear in a serious battle.

Lion vs Jaguar: A lion can weigh from 60% more to almost twice as much as a jaguar.  These 2 felids are at the top among best big cat combatants.  Male lions battle other lions on a regular basis, and their manes offer a degree of protection.  Jaguars are the strongest big cats pound-for-pound, and their jaws are incredibly strong (can bite through caiman hide, turtle shells, and armadillo shells).  Jaguars typically kill prey by biting through the skull or spine, but will apply a killing throat bite on occasion as well.  A battle between a huge Pantanal region jaguar (350lb) and an average-sized African lion (400lb) will be a tough fight for both, but even at these weights the lion's fighting experience will be enough to grant it the victory on most occasions.  A parity fight will slightly favor the jaguar based on its strength and varied killing technique, but its edge will be razor-thin (almost a 50/50).  Solid arguments can be made for the jaguar, lion, and the tiger as the best pound-for-pound big cat combatants, and on most occasions the heavier cat will have the edge.  Lion wins.


Best regards.

Interspecies Conflict

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BK

Expertise

Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.

Experience

From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Education/Credentials
Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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