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Interspecies Conflict/Interspecies Conflict

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Question
Hi BK here are some animal questions I would like to get your opinion on. The list is pretty long so you could be short if you like. Here goes.

1. Leopard vs Gorilla
2. Walrus vs Great White Shark
3. Walrus vs Elephant Seal
4. Killer Whale vs Nile Crocodile
5. American Bison vs Moose
6. Cape Buffalo vs Gorilla
7. Jaguar vs Leopard
8. Nile Crocodile vs Bengal Tiger
9. Giraffe vs Walrus
10.American Bison vs Lion
11.Green Anaconda vs Great White Shark
12.Leopard vs Greater Kudu
13.Jaguar vs Spotted Hyena
14.Black Bear vs Cougar
15.Gorilla vs Wildebeest
16.Black Rhino vs Gaur
17.Hippo vs Nile Crocodile
18.Giraffe vs Nile Crocodile
19.Kodiak bear vs Cape Buffalo
20.Leopard vs Chimpanzee
21.Killer Whale vs Elephant Seal
22.Nile Crocodile vs Kodiak Bear
23.Bengal Tiger vs White Rhino
24.Green Anaconda vs Bengal Tiger
25.Cougar vs Cheetah
26.Hippo vs African Elephant
27.Lion vs Kodiak Bear
28.Cape Buffalo vs Bengal Tiger
29.Jaguar vs Wolverine

Thank You

Answer
Hello Gian.


1. Leopard vs Gorilla: A large tom leopard will weigh less than half the weight of a gorilla.  Leopards have successfully ambushed sleeping gorillas by quickly getting into a good position to land a killing bite, but face-to-face would be a different scenario.  Leopards have many advantages over a gorilla in terms of combat (agility, quickness, sharp claws, killing experience), and are strong felines pound-for-pound, but one will not have as much absolute strength as a gorilla over twice its size.  Gorillas have long, powerful arms that can be used to grab, pull, or apply blunt force.  They also have a dangerous bite (2" canines; high bite force).  The gorilla will have enough mobility to continue turning toward the leopard to face it on most occasions, and the leopard won't have the desire to tackle the ape head-on when giving up this much size.  A gorilla isn't used to taking on other large animals of another species in combat, but the size & strength advantage it has over the leopard here will give it the edge in this contest (and will chase the cat away in a realistic encounter).  The leopard will need to get into that "killing bite" position, and that will be difficult to do with a large gorilla that's aware of its presence.  Edge to the gorilla.

2. Walrus vs Great White Shark: The great white shark will weigh about 25% more than the walrus.  The walrus will have greater overall mobility in the water, but won't be able to make the same quick movements of the shark.  The hide of the walrus is extremely tough (polar bears have a hard time breaching it), and it covers a thick layer of blubber.  However, the razor-sharp teeth of the great white shark can slice into a walrus and induce blood loss rather easily.  Sharks are excellent ambush predators, but typically shy away from face-to-face battles.  The walrus may actually be the aggressor on occasion here.  The tusks of the walrus can kill the shark with a precise strike, but the chances are great that the shark will land a significant bite before that happens.  Edge to great white shark.

3. Walrus vs Elephant Seal:  A Southern elephant seal can weigh over twice as much as a walrus.  Even though the walrus is smaller, it is better equipped for this battle (presence of 1m tusks and extremely tough hide).  The walrus often has to defend itself from polar bears, and does so by stabbing with its tusks.  Elephant seals battle one another by posturing up and thrusting forward with their upper bodies to deliver bites.  These battles can be bloody.  The elephant seal's bite will cause minimal damage to the walrus without great accumulation (due to the walrus' hide), but the tusks of the walrus can seriously injure the elephant seal if they impale its body.  The walrus will have a maneuverability advantage in the water as well.  A walrus will very likely give way to the larger animal in a realistic encounter (especially on land), but in a serious battle the tusked pinniped will have the advantage due primarily to tusk usage.  Slight edge to walrus.

4. Killer Whale vs Nile Crocodile: A killer whale (orca) can weigh over 6 times as much as a Nile crocodile and measure up to 50% longer from nose-to-tail.  Killer whales hunt together like wolves to tackle large prey items, and they are highly intelligent strategists.  Their fins and horizontal tail fluke make it possible to maneuver very well and attain high speeds.  A killer whale's jaws are filled with many sharp teeth (some measuring 4" long), and these are used to hold and tear.  Nile crocodiles are powerful reptiles with armored hides and extremely strong jaws.  They are often shown in nature documentaries dominating other animals at the river's edge.  A crocodile can grab a large terrestrial herbivore and pull it into the water to drown because it places the victim outside of its comfort zone.  This technique won't work as well on an aquatic animal because the target will be at home in the water and harder to control or drown.  A killer whale can weigh as much as an African elephant, and is simply to large for the Nile crocodile to deal with.  The crocodile might succeed in twisting off a fin if it gets a hold of it, but it's more likely the orca will kill the crocodile soon after the encounter begins.  Killer whale wins.

5. American Bison vs Moose: The American bison will weigh almost 40% more than the moose. The American bison is the largest land animal in the Americas, and a full-grown one can be a very formidable adversary.  The bison has short horns that protrude from the sides of its head and curve upward.  Its shoulder area is very pronounced, and it typically battles other bulls by ramming with its heavy head.  A bison will hook with its horns as well, and can kick with great effect to defend itself from predators (like bears and wolves).  The moose is the 2nd largest land animal in the Americas and the largest deer in the world.  It is tall and rather muscular, and can leap well for its size.  The moose, like the bison, sometimes defends itself from attacking wolves and bears.  It has a wide set of antlers that can be used offensively or defensively, and its sharp hooves can be dangerous weapons.  In many herbivore vs herbivore battles, the larger animal usually prevails, and such is the case here.  The power of the bison will exceed the power of the moose enough to grant it a dominant showing if a battle takes place.  American bison wins.  

6. Cape Buffalo vs Gorilla: The Cape buffalo will weigh over 3 times as much as a large silverback gorilla.  The Cape buffalo has a reputation of being aggressive and ill-tempered, and it is well-deserved.  It is a very dangerous prey target for a lion pride, and has killed lions on occasion.  The Cape buffalo has a thick set of horns that join at the forehead to form a bony shield (called a boss), and it can impale attackers with them.  Gorillas are powerful animals with long arms and sharp teeth, but they aren't equipped with the means to overpower a large bovid like a Cape buffalo.  An animal like a lion with claws and predatory instincts might have a chance to succeed, but not the herbivorous (and typically peaceful) gorilla.  There's nothing the gorilla could do offensively to the Cape buffalo that the bovid could not easily defend, and the ape would get quickly gored or trampled by the larger animal.  The gorilla's lack of know-how in dealing with animals outside of its species will actually be a bigger detriment in this matchup than its smaller size.  Cape buffalo wins.

7. Jaguar vs Leopard: These cats look similar at a glance, but a jaguar is typically heavier (by 50% or more) than a leopard.  Both are among the strongest cats pound-for-pound.  Jaguars are stocky, muscular, and have the greatest bite forces for their size among big cats (capable of crunching through turtle shells & caiman armor).  They kill with a crushing bite to the skull or spine, and can be very aggressive.  Leopards are less robust than jaguars, but are very capable hunters/fighters themselves.  They are known for their ability to drag large prey items into trees (lions & hyenas may try to steal prey items from leopards; the trees provide safety).  Both cats are impressive, but the larger jaguar will use its greater strength to control positioning at the onset of the battle, and will be able to finish with its jaws on most occasions.  Jaguar wins.

8. Nile Crocodile vs Bengal Tiger: A Nile crocodile can weigh over 3 times as much as a large Bengal tiger.  Nile crocodiles occasionally cross paths with lions, and Bengal tigers occasionally cross paths with mugger and saltwater crocodiles.  A crocodile's chief assets are its armored hide and steel-trap jaws.  Its weaknesses on land are lack of solid stamina and poor mobility.  Crocodiles can make quick movements on land in short bursts, and have occasionally fought strongly for extended periods of time to avoid capture by humans.  A Bengal tiger can kill a crocodile on land by avoiding the reptile's jaws (and powerful tail) and leaping on its back to bite into its neck area.  However, for this to be consistently  successful against a large crocodile, the tiger must first tire it out.  Because the danger level for the tiger will be high and the crocodile's strength too much, the tiger won't attempt to engage a large crocodile unless it is imperative to do so.  A tiger will readily attack crocodiles up to a certain size (even in the water) from time-to-time, but any weighing 3 times as much as itself will be very risky.  An entry from 4/30/14 ("Past vs Present") included a matchup between a Ngandong tiger and a saltwater crocodile in which the crocodile weighed 2 1/2 times as much as the tiger (close to a 50/50 battle on land; croc favored in water).  The Bengal tiger is capable of killing the Nile crocodile on land, but it won't be favored.  The crocodile has too much of a size and strength advantage.  Edge to Nile crocodile on land; Nile crocodile wins in water.  

9. Giraffe vs Walrus: A walrus is slightly heavier than a giraffe.  A giraffe has a very powerful kick (with a hoof wider than a dinner plate), and can injure a walrus if the head is targeted.  A walrus can't reach any vital areas of a giraffe with its tusks, and it doesn't have the mobility to avoid a kick.  Giraffes are usually mild-mannered, and one would not attack a walrus in a chance encounter.  A more likely result (realistically) would be the walrus intimidating the giraffe into a retreat.  However, if they were to rumble, the giraffe would be better equipped to prevail (assuming the fight stays on land).  In water the walrus' fighting capabilities would increase a great deal.  Edge to giraffe on land; walrus in water.

10. American Bison vs Lion: The American bison will weigh about 4 times as much as a large African lion.  Lions are agile, athletic & quick, and have great weaponry (jaws & claws).  They usually hunt in a pride, and are well-practiced at tackling large bovids (Cape buffalo, eland).  It usually takes multiple lions to overpower a Cape buffalo, and the same would be true with an American bison.  A single lion is certainly capable of defeating an American bison, but without an ambush, its chances aren't good.  The powerful charges of the bison can easily injure the lion, and the thick muscular neck area will be hard to secure a decent throat bite on while the huge bovid is resisting.  Bison don't deal with predatory felids the size of a lion like Cape buffalo do, but still have the strength & weaponry to repel a single one more times than not.  American bison wins.

11. Green Anaconda vs Great White Shark: Although these animals may be close in length, the great white shark will weigh 10-12 times as much.  Green anacondas are the world's heaviest snakes, and can exceed 400lb on occasion.  They kill by constriction (squeezing to induce asphyxiation), and can potentially suffocate animals close to twice their own size.  The great white shark, like the anaconda, is an ambush predator.  It is armed with a large set of jaws filled with very sharp teeth.  The shark's bite can create large avulsions with ease, and can cause fatal injuries to the anaconda in a very short amount of time.  The great white shark is too large for the anaconda to constrict, and would have nothing to worry about if the they crossed paths.  Even the prehistoric Titanoboa (similar to an anaconda, but weighed over a ton and grew as long as a bus) would not be favored against a great white shark.  Great white shark wins.

12. Leopard vs Greater Kudu: A greater kudu can weigh almost 3 !/2 times as much as a large tom leopard.  A leopard is one of the strongest cats pound-for-pound, and demonstrates this strength by dragging large prey items high into trees (to keep the kill safe from lions & hyenas).  Its head is large, and its neck and shoulder muscles are well-developed.  The leopard is practiced at ambushing and overpowering large antelope, but taking on a greater kudu face-to-face will be problematic for it.  The greater kudu is a very tall (twice the shoulder height of the leopard) antelope with a slender body and long spiraling horns.  If the greater kudu stands it ground and keeps the leopard in front of it, it will have a decent chance to repel the predator (the kudu will kick as well).  A leopard has the ability to kill the greater kudu with a throat bite, but getting to that position will be difficult if the kudu is aware of its presence and doesn't run (kudus typically run, though).  I don't consider the greater kudu to be as good a fighter as a wildebeest, but it is a larger antelope.  Close to 50/50 overall (depends on how the kudu reacts).

13. Jaguar vs Spotted Hyena: The jaguar will be almost twice as heavy as the spotted hyena (jaguars in the Pantanal region can weigh well over twice as much as the hyena).  Jaguars are very powerful predators, and one will have several advantages (strength, size, speed, agility, presence of claws) over a spotted hyena.  A jaguar has short, stocky limbs that will enable it to easily control and overpower the smaller hyena (and kill it with a bite through the skull or to the back of the neck).  Spotted hyenas are notoriously durable and have solid endurance, but these factors won't be enough to enable one to compete with a ferocious jaguar.  The hyena might give the jaguar pause with a very strong bite of its own, but this confrontation will ultimately be one-sided in favor of the cat.  A hyena doesn't have the means at its disposal to disable a large jaguar.  A spotted hyena is a good match for a snow leopard, puma, or a leopard, but not a jaguar.  Jaguar wins.

14. Black Bear vs Cougar: The American black bear will weigh over 2 1/2 times as much as a cougar.  A cougar (also known as the puma or mountain lion) is a very agile, athletic cat with great leaping ability.  It can tackle prey items much larger than itself (like elk) and is a superb ambush predator.  The American black bear is a strong, durable ursid with great endurance and fantastic climbing ability.  It is armed with sharp claws and strong jaws, and these bears have killed hunting dogs that attempt to chase them or tree them.  A cougar can certainly drive a black bear away with a ferocious display (there's a famous video clip of a female cougar confronting and driving away a large brown bear), but a down & dirty battle will favor the larger and stronger bear.  The bear will be able to counter the cougar's offense better than a typical cougar prey item will.  The Asiatic black bear, which weighs twice as much as the cougar, will also be favored in a battle with the cat.  Black bear wins.

15. Gorilla vs Wildebeest: The wildebeest will weigh about 1/3 more than a large gorilla.  Gorillas are typically peacefully and non-confrontational, but have the physical attributes (great strength, long arms with grabbing hands, sharp canines, strong bite force) to be capable fighters if forced to defend themselves.  Gorillas usually try to intimidate rivals into retreating instead of engaging them physically.  Wildebeests are a common prey item on the African savannah, but they are no pushovers.  These hardy antelopes have ox-like horns and sharp hooves, and use these weapons to defend themselves from lions, leopards, hyenas, and other predators.  As emphasized in the Cape buffalo matchup, the gorilla simply doesn't have the know-how to subdue a wildebeest.  It is physically capable of performing the actions necessary to do so (it is strong enough to grab the wildebeest by the horns and pull it to the ground and bite it, for example), it just doesn't have any experience (or the instincts associated with) battling large antelopes.  The wildebeest is more accustomed to combat, and will drive the gorilla away in a serious conflict.  An angry gorilla can easily drive a wildebeest away with an aggressive display, but won't be favored in a battle with one.  Edge to wildebeest.

16. Black Rhino vs Gaur: These animals will weigh about the same if the maximum weight for the gaur is considered, but most of the time the black rhinoceros will weigh about 1/3rd more.  The black rhinoceros is built like a tank, and has a lower center of gravity.  It will be able to use its longer horn (the one in front) to impale the gaur with powerful thrusts, and can use its strength to topple the bovid.  Gaurs are muscular and formidable in their own right, but they are outmatched by the more solidly-built black rhinoceros.  Gaurs have thick, sharp horns used to gore opponents with, but these will be far less effective than the offense the rhino will provide.  The rhino's weaponry is simply positioned better to inflict damage, and its tougher hide is an advantage as well.  Black rhinoceros wins.

17. Hippo vs Nile Crocodile: A hippo can weigh almost 3 times as much as the largest Nile crocodile.  Crocodiles are covered in osteoderms (bony growths) that provide protection, and have incredibly strong jaws that are lined with pointed teeth.  When these jaws seize a victim, it is almost impossible to escape.  Crocodiles kill by drowning, and can spin their bodies powerfully in water to rip off chunks of flesh from a grabbed prey item.  They have limited mobility and stamina on land, but are a force to be reckoned with in shallow or deep water.  Hippos can dominate crocodiles because they typically enjoy a massive size advantage, and their jaws are able to inflict serious damage to the reptile in a very short amount of time.  The girth of the hippo makes it hard for the crocodile to be able to open its jaws wide enough to grab onto any meaningful location on its body.  A crocodile weighing close to a hippo's weight would be a match for it in the water, but most hippos are way too large for a crocodile to deal with.  Hippo wins.

18. Giraffe vs Nile Crocodile: The giraffe can weigh twice as much as a Nile crocodile.  A giraffe is generally a timid animal, but its large size makes it safe from most predators as an adult.  A giraffe will usually run when threatened, but if forced to fight, it will defend itself with strong kicks.  One well-placed kick from the giraffe's large hooves can kill a lion or a hyena.  Nile crocodiles are practiced at seizing large animals (zebra, wildebeest, buffalo, etc.) at the water's edge with their powerful jaws and pulling them into the water to drown.  How formidable a crocodile is in water is well ahead of how formidable a crocodile is on land, but on land it's no pushover.  Its armored hide offers good protection from attack, and its jaws and tail can be utilized as dangerous weapons.  A bull giraffe will be too heavy for a Nile crocodile to pull down while its on land, and the chances of the giraffe injuring the crocodile with a kick is greater than the crocodile inflicting an injury with its jaws.  In shallow water the crocodile will be able to move around with greater ease, but it still won't have the power to consistently bring down a standing giraffe.  A crocodile grabbing the head of a drinking giraffe can pull it into the water if the giraffe is close to its own weight or less, but a 2-ton bull giraffe might not budge.  The giraffe can't realistically injure the crocodile once it wanders into water deep enough to slow its movement, but the crocodile won't be able to easily reach a vital area (neck, head) to seize without the giraffe's cooperation.  Giraffe wins on land, stalemate in shallow water, Nile crocodile wins in deep water.  

19. Kodiak bear vs Cape Buffalo: These animals are typically close in top weights, but a massive Cape buffalo may get as much as 1/3 heavier on rare occasions.  Kodiak bears are strong, durable, and well-armed (jaws & paws), but aren't accustomed to dealing with large, mobile adversaries.  Bears are typically excellent fighters, though.  Cape buffalo fend off lions on a regular basis, and their thick horns and sharp hooves can be dangerous weapons.  The bear won't have the lateral quickness to avoid a charge or thrust by the buffalo with any consistency, and will likely be driven away in any realistic situation.  The Kodiak bear will have a decent chance in a serious battle if the weights are close (slight edge at parity), but a Cape buffalo weighing 1/3 more will have the edge.  

20. Leopard vs Chimpanzee: A leopard can weigh 50% more than a chimpanzee.  The leopard is a powerful predator with experience battling dangerous animals (hyenas, baboons, warthogs, etc.).  It is armed with sharp claws and strong jaws, and has the ability to subdue large prey items with a suffocating throat bite.  A chimpanzee doesn't have experience battling other animals close to its own size with help from members of its troop.  Chimpanzees will usually try to intimidate rivals as opposed to physically engaging them, but their grabbing hands and decent bites give them the ability to fight if they're forced to.  A leopard will easily overpower a solo chimpanzee by gripping the ape with its claws and landing a killing bite, and there won't be much the ape will be able to do to stop it from happening.  The Arabian leopard (1/3 the weight of the African leopard) would be a good match for a chimpanzee.  Leopard wins.

21. Killer Whale vs Elephant Seal: A killer whale (orca) can weigh over 50% more than a Southern elephant seal (and in some cases twice as much).  Elephant seals are good swimmers and have effective bites, but a killer whale will trump one in every category in a hostile confrontation.  The maneuverability will be comparable because the seal is smaller, but the strength and bite of the orca will be much greater.  A killer whale knows to attack a seal from the rear (will bite the tail flippers in an attempt to disable it), and is wary of the seal's bite.  A killer whale might avoid attacking an elephant seal without help, but is certainly equipped to defeat one in a serious battle.  Killer whale wins.

22. Nile Crocodile vs Kodiak Bear: A large Nile crocodile will weigh about 33% more than the Kodiak bear.  Crocodiles lack mobility & endurance on land, and this can make them vulnerable against a mobile, similar-sized opponent.  A crocodile is capable of making quick lunges and can latch onto an attacking bear, but a bear is solidly built and strong enough to escape.  Grabbing onto a thick limb of a bear is different than grabbing onto a more slender leg of a bovid, and the bear has the ability to use its claws & teeth to mount an effective counter-attack.  The paw swipes of a Kodiak bear can stun a crocodile with a strike to the head.  Bears are very strong, well-armed, and have amazing endurance.  The crocodile won't be able to cause enough damage to the bear in their skirmish before it runs out of steam and becomes a sitting duck.  In shallow water, however, the battle will be much closer.  The crocodile will have more mobility, and the greater ease of motion will allow it to last much longer in a confrontation.  If it latches onto the bear in shallow water at these sizes, it will have a chance to spin its body "the death roll" with lots of power.  The bear will have trouble controlling the crocodile with its paws & claws, and the torque of the spinning crocodile can cause serious damage to its limbs if the jaws latch on.  The Kodiak bear will be about 5ft tall at the shoulder, but once the water gets deeper than 3 or 4ft, it will be in trouble.  Kodiak bear has edge on land, close fight in shallow water (depending on the depth), Nile crocodile wins in deep water.

23. Bengal Tiger vs White Rhino: A white rhinoceros can weigh 13 times as much as a Bengal tiger, but the average white rhino will weigh about 8 times as much.  Bengal tigers are terrific hunters, capable of bringing down large prey items (like buffalo) solo through ambush.  The Bengal tiger is very athletic and agile, and is capable of causing serious wounds with its sharp claws and pointed teeth.  The white rhino is a tremendously strong herbivore with a tank-like build.  Its tough hide and large horn (the longer one of 2 on its nose) make it a very formidable adversary in a fight and almost immune to predation as an adult.  The white rhino can make very powerful turns and thrusts in order to defend itself.  A tiger is the most capable of all the big cats when it comes to taking down a large animal one-on-one, but a healthy adult white rhino will simply be out of its league.  A large white rhino is more than a match for most lion prides.  Bengal tigers have been known to predate upon adult Indian rhinos (similar in size to a white rhino but not as formidable) and even elephants on rare (and likely circumstantial) occasions, and that's why I categorize the Bengal tiger's chances here as "highly improbable" instead of "impossible".  White rhino wins.  

24. Green Anaconda vs Bengal Tiger: A large Bengal tiger can weigh 50% heavier than the green anaconda.  Tigers have the typical big cat attributes (speed, agility, athleticism, and weaponry), and are practiced at killing animals as large as buffalo.  They also engage in battles with several other species (bears, various canids & suids, crocodiles, etc.) on occasion.  A large anaconda can use its coils to suffocate an animal as large as a horse, but the tiger will be too agile to be caught in them in a face-to-face conflict.  The tiger's teeth & claws can shred an anaconda in due time, and the boa will have limited stamina & mobility on land (and won't be able to maintain an effective defense).  In water the same actions will apply, but the tiger should still be OK.  The green anaconda will be able to move around more freely, but the Bengal tiger will still be too large & dangerous.  A tiger vs an anaconda in the water at parity would be a close fight, but the cat has too much size here.  Only in deep water (where the tiger can't readily touch the bottom) will the anaconda be favored.  Bengal tiger wins.

25. Cougar vs Cheetah: The cougar will weigh about 50% more than the cheetah.  Cougars are very athletic cats with phenomenal leaping ability.  They are excellent stalkers and successful ambush predators capable of overpowering prey items much heavier than themselves (like elk).  Cougars kill with a bite to the neck, snout, or throat.  Cheetahs are built for speed and acceleration (can reach 60mph in 3 seconds), but aren't equipped to battle predatory rivals.  They will back away from leopards, hyenas, and baboons to avoid injury.  Cougars sometimes engage in confrontations with wolves and bears (and will battle fiercely to defend themselves or young ones).  A cheetah's claws don't retract like a cougar's do (they serve as cleats to grip the ground when running), and aren't nearly as sharp.  A cougar is larger, thicker, more powerful, and better suited for combat than a cheetah.  The cheetah will wisely run away from this fight to avoid getting killed.  Cougar wins.

26. Hippo vs African Elephant: An African elephant can weigh 2-3 times as much as a hippopotamus and stand well over twice as tall at the shoulder.  Elephants are the heaviest land animals, and full-grown ones are virtually immune from any kind of attack from another animal.  Elephants are immensely strong, and can be very aggressive.  They are capable of killing rhinos and hippos by using their great strength, weight, and sharp tusks.  No animal on land can defeat a full-grown elephant one-on-one, and the hippo is no exception.  The hippo's bite can injure any land animal including the elephant, but it won't be able to get close enough to get a good bite or tusk thrust in before the elephant simply plows into it and drives it away.  Even the huge prehistoric Hippopotamus gorgops and Hippopotamus antiquus would not be favored against an African elephant.  The African forest elephant and the Asian elephant would also be favored to defeat a hippo.  Only in water deep enough to impede an elephant's maneuverability would a hippo have a chance, and even then the hippo will need to bounce along the bottom (hippos aren't swimmers) to move itself into a biting position and land a large number of bites.   African elephant wins.  

27. Lion vs Kodiak Bear: A Kodiak bear can weigh almost 3 times as much as a lion.  A Kodiak bear has great strength and endurance, and can use its clawed forelimbs (to swipe or grab) effectively in a fight.  It also has a large set of powerful jaws.  Lions are among the best combatants in the big cat world (males battle other males routinely), and they can use teamwork to overpower large prey items.  A lion will have a quickness & agility advantage over a bear, but will have trouble with one the size of a Kodiak.  The large animals a lion can tackle (buffalo, zebra, etc.) can't fight the way a bear can (supple body/paw usage).  Kodiak bear wins.

28. Cape Buffalo vs Bengal Tiger: The Cape buffalo will weigh 2 1/2 times as much as a large Bengal tiger and measure about 55% taller at the shoulder.  The Cape buffalo is a common prey item for lions, but it usually takes a large group of them to overpower this aggressive herbivore.  Bengal tigers are excellent hunters of large animals (including water buffalo and gaur), but much of their success comes from ambush.  A Bengal tiger is certainly capable of ambushing and killing a Cape buffalo, but it won't be easy (especially since some initial ambushes by predators fail and turn into face-to-face battles).  A Bengal tiger taking on a Cape buffalo that's aware of its presence will be a dangerous undertaking.  The buffalo will charge and try to gore the tiger, and the tiger will try to avoid the buffalo's horns and leap upon it to seize the throat.  Single lions have occasionally killed Cape buffalo in face-to-face encounters (and the reverse is true), so a Bengal tiger is capable of the same feat.  The tiger won't be favored, though.  Cape buffalo wins.  

29. Jaguar vs Wolverine: The jaguar will weigh over 7 times as much as the wolverine.  Jaguars are generally regarded as the strongest feline pound-for-pound, and have a set of jaws strong enough to crush turtle shells & animal skulls.  Jaguars are agile, quick, well-armed (jaws & claws), and kill prey items with a skull bite (or a bite to the back of the neck to sever the spinal cord).  Some of the most formidable animals jaguars encounter are tapir, black caiman, anacondas, and peccaries.  Wolverines are among the strongest mammals pound-for-pound, and are famous for their ferocity.  Wolverines have strong jaws (capable of crunching through frozen meat & bone), sharp claws, and thick fur.  They are more than a match for most animals in their weight range.  Wolverines often chase other predators (including bears and wolves) away from kills.  Wolverines & jaguars are among the best fighters (pound-for-pound) in the animal kingdom.  This would be a great fight at parity, but no animal weighing just over 40lb is going to have much hope against a big cat that can weighs several times more than it does.  Jaguar wins.


Good variety of matchups!


Best regards.

Interspecies Conflict

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Questions regarding animal conflicts within realistic or unrealistic settings are welcome; my strength lies in medium-to-large species. Small animals (including birds of prey), prehistoric animals, sea creatures, and domestic dog breeds are usually within my scope, but to a lesser degree. I can't confidently answer hypothetical questions about human vs animal, arachnids, insects, or amphibians, but I am willing to field them nonetheless.

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From a young age, I have been interested in animals. Starting with the original Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom and World Book Encyclopedias, I have seen many animal shows and documentaries and have read multiple books on the subject. I have a solid understanding of the physiology of many animals and interspecies conflict in general.

Education/Credentials
Associate degree in unrelated field; biology classes in college.

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