Assalamualaikum,i like to ask about muslim, which is Muslim experts in falaq have produced salat timetables for the convenience of the ummah.
a.Naturally they would have certain error margins.If, say for example the error is about 2 minutes. The time for asr is 430 pm. Is it then possible to regard the prayer time to be anywhere between 428 and 432 pm? Or one must take the 430 pm strictly?
b.Some people break their fast of 1 or 2 minutes later than the time in the timetable as a precaution/ihtiat ,as the timetable is an approximation. Is this a commendable act? What about the injunction to hasten breaking the fast?
c.There is a hadis which implies if one is eating and hears the fajr azan, he may finish off what he is eating i.e he does not have to stop eating immediately. Does this shows that the syariah provides some allowance and not too rigorous in the timing?The timing is more of a guideline with some flexibility rather than something rigid and absolute.
d.In the time of Rasul, the timing is relied basically on the observance of the naked eye, which is quite relative from one person to the other and may have quite a big error. So, it indicates that one do not have to be very precise and strict in following the prayer timetable ?
i hope you can give me responce at least in three days. Thank you very much.
Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim (In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful)
Since during those times there was no instruments in order to accurately calculate the precise prayer timings, we cannot mark a certain time for prayer.
However there are several hadiths that indicate that start and finish of prayer times. So based on these ideas people have positioned their prayer times as per the comfort of the climate and convenience of the People.
The Shariah provides allowance and is not too rigid unless be a case of crime. Allah asserts in the Quran..
[Baqara 2:177] It is not righteousness that you turn your faces Towards east or West; but it is righteousness- to believe in Allah/God and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which you have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and a dversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah/God-fearing.
So if you are praying with a pure heart...its that which is valuable and near to Allah.
Therefore please do not worry if the prayer time is at the far extreme side or in the early hours of the indicated/estimated times.
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( Note: I am not a mufti, if you are in doubt or want 100% accuracy please verify the above hadith with an authentic personality. However I have not altered any hadith and presented it as and how it was found. May Allah forgive our mistakes from time to time...ameen.)