Italian Language/sto

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Question
Can you explain the uses and differences of "sto", "sta", and "stai"?
Thank you so much.
Michael

Answer
Hi,
sto, stai and sta are the three forms of the verb stare (=to stay) respectively for I, you and he/she/it:
io sto = I stay
tu stai = you stay
lui/lei sta = he/she/it stays
The plural forms are:
noi stiamo = we stay
voi state = you stay
loro stanno = they stay

Stare means to stay in English but sometimes it's translated as to be:
sto bene = I'm well (literally I stay well)

In present continuous forms, stare is used as an auxiliary verb:
sto andando al cinema = I'm going to the cinema
sto leggendo un libro = I'm reading a book

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