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Italian Language/use of indirect object pronoun - "loro"


Dear Lauren,

My question is about the indirect object pronoun – “loro”.

Can you please tell me if the indirect object pronoun “loro” is always invariable.  

I was wondering if “loro” would ever be inflected as “lora”.

For example, if I wanted to say -  “I gave them the books” referring to a group of women, should I say -   “Ho dato loro i libri”  or  “Ho dato lora i libri.”

Thank you.



Hi Rich,

To answer your question, 'loro' is never inflected. It will invariably remain as 'loro' regardless of if you are referring to a group of women or a group of men. Therefore, you should still say 'ho dato loro i libri' even if it is just women that you are referring to.

Hope this helps,
Kind regards,

Italian Language

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Lauren O' Hagan


Although not my mother tongue, I have spoken Italian fluently for more than 12 years so I am very confident to answer any questions about the Italian language. I am also competent in Roman Dialect if there are any questions relating to this.


MA Applied Linguistics First Class Honours in Modern Language Studies (Linguistics, Italian, Spanish) Received the top grade in the whole of UK for GCSE Italian, receiving a letter of congratulations from the Italian Consulate Completed my two-year A Level in 1 year with a grade A country. Carried out many translation jobs for a wide range of clients and topics including self-help, literature and exam papers. For personal reference, I have also translated Federico Moccia's Tre Metri Sopra Il Cielo and 2 of Francesco Totti's book.

El Pensador, University of Bristol

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