Would you please help me parse the following sentence:
“Fallo aspettare.” (Keep him waiting.)
I am thinking that this sentence is in the imperative and that “lo” is a direct object pronoun meaning “him”. But, I am also wondering if the infinitive “aspettare” is also being used as a direct object.
Thank you, in advance, for your help.
here’s the parsing of the sentence “Fallo aspettare!”:
-FALLO = 2nd.person singular, present imperative of the verb FARE.
Note that FALLO is composed of the 2nd.person singular, present imperative “fai” or its apocopated form “fa’ “ with the apostrophe + the enclitic LO which is the 3rd.person singular pronoun.
In this case FARE is used as a “verbo fraseologico” to confer a particular meaning/sense to the verb by which FARE is followed.
-ASPETTARE = present infinitive depending on FARE just used as a “phraseological verb” that takes an infinitive as in e.g. “Fate entrare i vostri amici!”, “Fammi parlare!”, “Si fece venire a prendere all’aeroporto”, etc.
In short, the infinitive “aspettare” is not used as a direct object,but simply as a mood requested by the verb FARE, while the enclitic -LO in the imperative form FALLO is a direct object pronoun meaning “him”.
As you can see, the enclitic pronoun “-lo” attached to the imperative “fai” leads to the drop of the vowel "i" and the doubling of the consonant "l" .