Italian Language/Stressed Pronouns

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Question
Dear Maria,  

Can you please tell me if stressed pronouns can be used after linking verbs?

For example, would you please tell me if the following is correct or not:
Sono con lui.   (I am with him)

Would it also be acceptable to use an unstressed indirect object pronoun and say:
Gli sono.  (I am with him).  

I am not sure if the indirect object pronoun “gli” can be translated as “with him”.  

Thank you very much.

Sincerely,

Rich

Answer
Dear Rich,

stressed pronouns can be used after linking verbs as in e.g. “Sono con lui”  (I am with him).
See also: ”Ero stato con voi  durante l’estate“,” “Rimase con me per aiutarmi”, “Stette con noi per lungo tempo”, “Fu gentile con noi”,  “ Restò con loro a lungo”, etc.

As for “Gli sono” for “I am with him”, it is absolutely wrong.

In Italian the “verbi copulativi” (linking verbs) are “essere” used as a copula,  and the intransitive verbs “sembrare”, “parere”, “risultare”, “stare”, “restare”, “rimanere”, “diventare”,“divenire”.
All the above verbs can have unstressed pronouns as in e.g. “Gli fui d’aiuto in molte circostanze”, “Mi rimase sempre amico”, “Ci sembrò turbato”, “Le era stato sempre vicino per aiutarla”,  etc., where unstressed pronouns “mi”,”gli”,”ci”, “le” stand for “a me”, ”a lui”, “a noi”, “a lei”, respectively, NOT “with me”, “with him”, “with us”, “with her”.

Best regards,

Maria

Italian Language

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Maria

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Italian is my mother tongue and I'll be glad to answer any questions concerning Italian Language.

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Over 25 years teaching experience.

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I received my Ph.D.in Classics (summa cum laude) from Genova University (Italy).

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