Can you help me with the following grammar question (from Allen and Greenough):
(1) Obiere dum calcianyur matutino duo Caesares. (492).
Question: what is “obiere”? is it related to “obire”?
(2) Petimus a vobis, iudices, si qua divina in tantis ingeniis commendation debet esse, … (515)
Question: what is the meaning of “qua”?
(3) … vos mandasse memento. (516 d)
Question: it seems to me that this is an imperative clause, but the book seems to treat it as a question.
here are my answers:
(1) In “obiēre dum calciantur mātūtīnō duo Caesarēs (Pliny, Naturalis Historia, 7.181) the verb “obiēre” is a contracted form of “obierunt” which is the 3rd person plural,perfect indicative active of ŏbĕo, īvi or ĭi, obitum, obire meaning “to die”.
(2)in “Petimus a vobis, iudices, si qua ....divina in tantis ingeniis commendatio debet esse, …” (Cicero, Pro Archia, 31) the meaning of “qua” is “some”/”any”, i.e. ” we ask you, judges, if in such ingenious persons there must be some divine recommendation...”.
Please note that “qua” stands for “aliqua”, nominative feminine singular of the adjective alĭqui, aliqua, aliquod, agreed with the feminine noun “commendatio”, because this adjective, when preceded by SI, NISI, NE, NUM, NONNE, AUT, SEU, QUO, QUANDO, drops the first part “ali”.
(3) In “hoc, si me praeceperit fatum, vos mandasse mementote”- which is the exact quotation from Curtius Rufus, Historiae Alexandri Magni, book 9, chapter 6,section 26 and means: “Remember that I ordered you this”- the imperative “mementote” (2nd.person plural, imperative of “memini”) is either an imperative clause or the apodosis of a “If clause” whose protasis is “si me praeceperit fatum” (=if fate will anticipate me), as you can see at: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A2008.01.0536%3Aboo
As for "Do you remember.." we read in Allen and Greenough,516 d,it is not correct, as "mementote" is an imperative, not an interrogative clause.
Hope this helps you.