You are here:

Latin/SPQR Agreement

Advertisement


Question
Pax!
SPQR is an initialism from a Latin phrase, Senātus Populusque Rōmānus.
I understand that Romanus is an adjective. How do I know which word(s) the adjective is describing?

Answer
The adjective "Romanus" is modifying both "Senatus" and "Populus."  Each is a noun in the masculine nominative singular case.  "Romanus" is an adjective in masculine nominative singular case.  According to the rules of agreement in Latin, with two or more nouns, the adjective is regularly plural, but often agrees with the nearest.  This phrase is an example of the second usage.  For further information, see Allen & Greenough's "New Latin Grammar," section 286a.

Latin

All Answers


Answers by Expert:


Ask Experts

Volunteer


Michael

Expertise

Ph.D. Cand. in Classical Languages. Conversant with all forms of the language: classical, mediaeval, and modern.

Experience

I have 50 years of teaching at all levels of Latin from high school through university postgraduate. I read, write, and speak Latin daily.

Organizations
American Classical League, American Philological Association

Education/Credentials
A.B., M.A., Ph.D. Cand. in Classics.

©2016 About.com. All rights reserved.