Dear Maria,

1. Please help me understand the following sentence (Ars Amatoria 1,145-150).

cuius equi veniant facito studiose requirias.
1) cuius is a pronoun or an adjective agreeing with what?
2) studiose is a vocative of a noun or an adverb?
3) Whose money did I have? Please translate. cuiusne pecuniam habui?

Nec mora, quisquis erit, cui favet illa, fave.
1) nec mora : something omitted?
2) cui : same question as above.

Utque fit, in gremium pulvis si forte puellae deciderit..
1) ut fit means 'as it happens'?
2) deciderit is an indicative tense or subjunctive?

2. Please let me know the meaning of the latter part.

aut disce aut discede; manet sors tertia, caedi.

Thank you.

Dear John,

1.In “cuius equi veniant facito studiose requiras (Ovid, Ars Amatoria 1,145) “cuius” (=whose) is an interrogative  pronoun  in the indirect question clause “cuius equi veniant”  (whose horses are coming), while  “studiose”  is an adverb.
In short, “Cuius equi veniant, facito studiose requiras” literally means:” Carefully (STUDIOSE) arrange (FACITO.2nd.person singular, future imperative of FACIO) for enquiring (REQUIRAS. present subjunctive depending on FACITO) whose (CUIUS) horses (EQUI) are coming (VENIANT.Indirect question clause)”, i.e. “Enquire  carefully whose horses are coming”.

2.As for the direct question clause “Whose money did I have?”, it translates as “Cuiusne habui pecuniam?”.

3.In ”Nec mora, quisquis erit, cui favet illa, fave” (Ovid, Ars Amatoria 1,146) the expression “nec mora” has omitted the present indicative “est” (literally, “there is no  hesitation”) , while   “cui “ is a relative pronoun in the dative depending on “favet”  and “cui favet illa” literally means: “whom (CUI )she (ILLA) favours (FAVET.This verb takes the dative case).
In short, “”Nec mora, quisquis erit, cui favet illa, fave” means:
”Favour  without hesitation the one whom she favours, whoever he is (literally, “will be”)”.

4.In “Utque fit, in gremium pulvis si forte puellae deciderit..” (Ars amatoria,149)  “ut fit“ means exactly “as it happens”, while  “deciderit”  is an indicative future perfect, so that it literally means:”shall have fallen” in : “if, as it happens, a fleck of dust shall have fallen on the girl’s lap..”

5. In the motto “Aut disce aut discede; manet sors tertia, caedi” the latter part, i.e.” manet sors tertia, caedi” literally  means:
”there remains (MANET) a third (TERTIA) fate/chance (SORS), to be beaten (CAEDI. Present infinitive passive of CAEDO, 3rd conjugation)”, i.e.: ”Learn or leave; there remains a third chance, to be beaten”.

Best regards,



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