Latin/Grammar

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Question
Dear Maria,

Please help me understand a sentence below.

me profugum comites deseruere mei.(Ovid.Tristia 1)

Thank you.

J

Answer
Hello,

here’s the construction of “me profugum comites deseruere mei “(Ovid, Tristia,  book 1, poem  5, line 64):”Mei comites deseruere me profugum” literally meaning :
“My (MEI) companions /friends (COMITES) abandoned (DESERUERE, i.e. DESERUERUNT) me (ME) fugitive (PROFUGUM)”.

Learn more below.

Best regards,

Maria
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Note that:

-ME (direct object, accusative 1st. person pronoun) = me

-PROFUGUM (Predicate Accusative of the direct object ME)  =fugitive/banished person

-COMITES (subject, nominative plural of COMES, 3rd declension) = companions /friends

-DESERUERE (3rd person plural, contracted perfect tense of DESERO) = abandoned

-MEI (nominative masculine plural agreeing with COMITES) = my

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I received my Ph.D. in Classics (summa cum laude) from Genova University (Italy).

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