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Latin/Grammar - ne + subjunctive

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Question
Dear Maria,

I would like to know if all the sentences below are correct.

1. Ne timeas.
2. Ne timueris.
3. Ne hoc facias.
4. Ne hoc feceris.

When ne + present or perfect subjuctive is used, its meaning is the same?

Thank you.

John

Answer
Dear John,

all the sentences that you mention  are correct, since  the negative “ne” + present or perfect subjuctive is used to express prohibition, though “ne” + present subjunctive is common in poetry, while “ne” + perfect subjunctive is common in classic prose.

So, when “ne” + present or perfect subjuctive is used, its meaning is  just the same and then both “ Ne timeas” and “Ne timueris“(2nd person singular)  mean “Do not fear”, as well as both “ Ne hoc facias” and “Ne hoc feceris” (2nd person singular) mean “Do not do this”.

Best regards,

Maria

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Maria

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I am an expert in Latin Language and Literature and I'll be glad to answer any questions concerning this matter.

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Over 25 years teaching experience.

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I received my Ph.D. in Classics (summa cum laude) from Genova University (Italy).

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