Latin/'To' and 'From' in Latin
Could you please tell me what 'to' and 'from' would be if you were writing a personal letter to a close friend or relative in Latin ("To [name]" & "from [name]")? Thank you!
Please note that any letter to a close friend or relative, i.e "To [name]" & "from [name]" had to begin in Latin with the following words:
1)the name of the sender in the Nominative case
2)the abbreviation S.P.D. (Salutem Plurimam Dicit) or S.D. (Salutem Dicit) meaning “cordially greets ” or “greets” respectively.
3)the name of the recipient in the Dative case
See for example: M. CICERO S. P. D. P.LENTVLO ("M.Cicero Salutem Plurimam Dicit P.Lentulo"), as we read at the beginning of some Cicero's letters.
Note that in M. CICERO S. P. D. P.LENTVLO meaning:" “Marcus Cicero cordially greets Publius Lentulus”:
1)M.CICERO (Nominative case) is the name of the sender Marcus Cicero.
2)S.P.D. is the abbreviation of “Salutem Plurimam Dicit” meaning “ cordially greets".
3)P.LENTULO (Dative case) is the name of the recipient Publius Lentulus.
Also, at the end of a letter the Romans used to write “Cura, ut valeas” (“Take care of your health”) or simply “Vale” [in the imperative of VALEO, 2nd.person singular] as well as “Valeas” [in the hortatory subjunctive, 2nd.person singular] both meaning “Take care”.
For example, in a letter that a certain Mark is writing to a certain Lavinia we could read at the beginning:
-"Marcus Laviniae salutem dicit " or "Marcus Laviniae salutem plurimam dicit"
[Mark greets Lavinia” or “Mark cordially greets Lavinia", i.e "Dear Lavinia" in English.
At the end of the same letter we could read:
-"Vale" or "Cura ut valeas" as well as "Valeas" (literally, "Take care")corresponding to "Best regards" in English.
Hope all is clear enough.
Have a nice day,