You are here:

Latin/spinoza grammar


Godmy wrote at 2010-09-28 14:13:27
To Maria:

You were wright about them making mistake in declensions, but you made one too. Specio is third declension (Specio, specionis). Everything ending on -io in nominative is third declension.

Maria wrote at 2010-09-29 18:54:04
To GODMY who wrote that “Specio” is third declension (Specio, specionis).

Please note that in Latin the noun “Specio”(genitive “specionis”, 3rd.declension) DOES NOT EXIST AT ALL!

The word “specio” (meaning "to look") is a VERB belonging to the 3rd.conjugation.

Here's its  paradigm :

-SPECIO (1st.person sing, present indicative).

-SPECIS (2nd.person sing, present indicative).

-SPEXI (1st.person sing, past indicative).

-SPECTUM (supine) .

-SPECERE (infinitive mood).

See lexicon entry in Lewis & Short at

The only one noun is SPECIES (genitive SPECIEI) belonging to the 5th. declension, exactly as I’ve said correctly.



Andrew Goodson wrote at 2015-07-06 12:27:14
This would be a good answer if Spinoza had actually used the phrase 'sub species aeternitatis'. However, he didn't. If you look up his works online you will see he frequently used 'sub specie aeternitatis' or 'sub aeternitatis specie' or 'sub quadam specie aeternitatis' but not 'sub species', which is incorrect.

Maria wrote at 2015-07-08 06:46:12
To Andrew Goodson.

You are right. Sorry for not verifying Spinoza’s text.

Thanks for your comment,



All Answers

Answers by Expert:

Ask Experts




I am an expert in Latin Language and Literature and I'll be glad to answer any questions concerning this matter.


Over 25 years teaching experience.

I received my Ph.D. in Classics (summa cum laude) from Genova University (Italy).

This expert accepts donations:

©2016 All rights reserved.