QUESTION: I asked Michael a question on the miracles of Jesus and he gave me a good answer He mentioned in our dialog "adoptism" i was hoping that you could put me in contact with him again and he can explain to me what "adoptism" is? he told me that that was a heresy dealt by the early church, this is the first I heard of it.

ANSWER: Hello, James,

I can't help you get in touch with Michael. You have to write to him directly. If he's not on the list, he may be not answering questions right now.

As for your question, I was unfamiliar with the term "adoptism", but not with the concept. I did some online research. It would appear that the heresy involved believing that God the Father adopted Jesus as His Son because of Jesus' perfect life, so in effect, it denies the eternal deity of Christ. It was a rejection of the concept of the Trinity. It was one of several heresies at the time that resulted in a clear formulation of the doctrine of the Trinity, particularly in the Nicene Creed. The heresy is also known as "adoptionism". Let me know if you want any more detailed explanation of any of this. May the Lord bless you.

[an error occurred while processing this directive]---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Thank you for your answer I think this is what Michael was talking about, (adoptionism)this is food for thought.

Hello, James,

Thank you very much for the kind rating. By the way, I am not a pastor. I am simply a person who has been a Lutheran nearly all my life, and who has studied deeply in many relevant subjects. I have been regarded as an expert particularly in the area of cults.

The term "adoptism" IS used to describe the same concept.

Do you have a problem with the concept of the Trinity? Find it confusing or anything? Let me know. We can talk about it.


All Answers

Answers by Expert:

Ask Experts


Pat G


I am a lifelong Lutheran, a member of the Missouri Synod. My theology is conservative, orthodox, Lutheran. I can answer questions about other sects, cults, and religions from a Lutheran perspective. Fine points of Lutheran doctrine are not my specialty, but I may sometimes be able to explain things in a different and perhaps more understandable way. I can also discuss the scientific problems with the theory of evolution and tie that in with the account of the Bible. I have ministered to women online as well, when they face difficult life situations. I read enough Hebrew and Greek to make use of interlinear translations. I can help people who are interested in turning to a more natural lifestyle for healing and health, from a Christian perspective. I can answer questions about homeschooling and natural childbirth from a Lutheran perspective. As a woman, the ministry is not open to me, so I will be unable to answer questions from a minister's perspective.


I have studied many different religions for many years, and have taught courses in my local church on cults. I have also spent time witnessing to cult members. In addition, I have developed an on-line ministry through my web site, that explains the Gospel message in multiple languages. I have also spent significant time studying alternative medicine, to determine which modalities are compatible with the Christian faith, and grounded in God's design of the human body and the medicines He provided in nature.

I have a bachelor's degree in another field, but in the area of religion, I am largely self taught. I have done extensive reading in apologetics, including non-Lutheran writers. I have also done extensive reading in the area of origins, including scientific creationism, intelligent design, and evolution. My study and experience span decades.

©2017 All rights reserved.

[an error occurred while processing this directive]