Lutherans/Trinity

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Question
I have a question relating to some verses I have read. I was hoping you could provide an answer for me

Can you please explain just who Jesus is in relation to God.  Is he the Almighty, is one   individual that makes up the Almighty, if he is one of three individual that makes up the Almighty, Are he and The Father and the Holy Ghost all considered to be Gods in their own right. Or is Jesus one aspect of  the One God.

So when we read God in the Bible just who is that referring to?  This has to do with the following verses as they  seem to be saying Jesus had a God the same God that his followers had

John 2:17  Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.

1 Corinthians 11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.

Colossians 1:3 We give thanks to God and the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you,

Thank you for your time

Answer
Brenton,

Thanks for your question.  The God described in the Bible is one God who eternally exists as three persons--Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.  These persons are not three parts of a single god or three separate Gods.  While each of the three persons is fully God, their existence is united in a single essence as God.  This existence is referred to as a mystery called the Trinity, which is more fully explained in the Athanasian Creed, an ancient confession of the Church, which can be found at:  http://www.wels.net/what-we-believe/statements-beliefs/athanasian-creed

When the Bible uses the word "God," it sometimes refers to the trinity collectively, while at other times, it refers only to the Father, and context dictates which is meant.  Sometimes it is clear because terms like "God the Father" or "God the Son" are used.  At other times, it is made clear by the relationship of the word to other words for the persons (Jesus, Holy Spirit, etc.) elsewhere in the sentence.  

When it comes to Jesus, He is equal to the Father in terms of His divinity, while being less than the Father in terms of His humanity, so it is true both that He is God, while at the same time also true that He has a God.  Jesus poses a similar problem to the Pharisees when He speaks of Himself as David's son, but also David's Lord.  This can be true because Jesus is fully God and fully human, (not half god and half human or sometimes god and sometimes human) yet remains only one person.  

Both here and with the Trinity, the math does not add up, but it remains the teaching of Scripture.  St. Augustine explained this by saying that the incomprehensible nature of God was evidence that He exists, because a God we could fully understand would be a god who was created by a human mind, but since He is beyond our understanding he could not have been a human invention.  

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Rev. Jason P. Peterson

Expertise

I welcome the opportunity to answer questions regarding the beliefs and practices Lutheran Christians, especially questions comparing Lutherans with other Christian denominations or questions which contrast between various kinds of Lutherans. I am especially familiar with the more conservative Lutheran denominations (LCMS, ELS, WELS, etc.). I also take a great interest in examining new Christian movements and popular trends in Christianity from a Lutheran perspective. In addition, I can answer most questions about the original Greek text of the New Testament and its meaning, as well as questions regarding liturgy, evangelism, and preaching. A special area of interest in my ministry is race track chaplaincy/ministry, and I would love to provide information and guidance for anyone interested in this area.

Experience

I have been a pastor in the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod for the past six years at St. John's Lutheran Church in Burt, IA. I currently serve as chairman of the Commission on Ministerial Growth & Support of the Missouri Synod's Iowa District West and as Track Chaplain at Algona Raceway in Algona, IA. I also write as a religion columnist for two local newspapers.

Organizations
Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod

Publications
Algona Upper Des Moines (newspaper) Bancroft Register (newspaper)

Education/Credentials
B.A. Concordia University - Ann Arbor, MI (Biblical Languages) M.Div. Concordia Theological Seminary, Fort Wayne, IN (Exegetical Theology, Pastoral Ministry & Missions)

Past/Present Clients
Zion Lutheran Church (Columbia City, IN) Zion Lutheran Church (Altamont, IL) St. John's Lutheran Church (Burt, IA) Zion Lutheran Church (Lu Verne, IA) Algona Raceway (IA) Fairmont Raceway (MN) Hancock County Speedway (Britt, IA) Clay County Fairgrounds Raceway (Spencer, IA)

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