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# Management Consulting/operation managment & architecthural managment

Question

CASE-3
After working for 30 years, Ramjee Somjee Dutt opted for VRS and started a courier company and did
very well in the first four years. He was now looking for expansion of his business and decided to
venture into Road transportation business between Chennai and Mumbai and Mumbai and Delhi as he
felt that he could do well on this line. However before taking a final decision he hires your
Management Consultant firm formed by yourself. He has requested you to work out the Price to quote
his clients for these two routes considering the costs involved. He expects to earn a minimum profit of
Rs 1000 per day per truck after meeting all expenses. Your analysis of market conditions tell you the
following:
Vehicle cost Rs 7 lacs Depreciation 15 % Maintenance costs per day Rs 150 Drivers monthly Salary
Rs 5000 : Attendants monthly salary Rs 3000 . Misc expenses Rs 200 per day. Driver allowance is Rs
125 per day and attendant gets Rs 75. Diesel cost per liter is Rs 25 and the vehicle gives an average
mileage of 4 km to a liter. The Financial institutions offer loans at 10 % interest pa, which Ramjee has
been negotiating. It has been observed that on an average the vehicle covers 400 km per day. The
distance between Mumbai to Delhi is 1500 km and Mumbai to Chennai is 1350 km. The driver gets
rest day in Mumbai only for one day after they return from any trip.

CASE-4
A company is operating in two unrelated businesses. The first one is making common salt, which is
of the businesses has decided to implement Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) in one of the two
businesses, which is likely to give him greater benefit. Assuming that the current turnover and profits
of both the units are comparable, compare the relative benefits and limitations of Materials
Requirement Planning (MRP) for these two businesses.

CASE-5
A Manufacturer of motorcycles buys spark plugs at Rs.15 each. Now he wishes to manufacture the
plugs in his own factory. The estimated cost for the manufacture of spark plugs is around
Rs.50,000=00 and the variable cost comes to Rs.5 per spark plug. The Production Manager advises the
Manufacturer that the factory should go for manufacturing instead of procuring them from the open
market.
List out reasons for the decision of the Production Manager backed up by the necessary data.

Question-4(architecthural management)
You will agree that all about urban planning and landscape is equally true for rural
design and landscape. However, the scale is different, cost of the land is less, size of
the plot is bigger and with the closeness of nature, achievement is comparatively easy.
What is important is the approach.
Keeping in mind that every village to be developed into a mini town with aesthetic
landscape, what would be your approach in order to achieve the desired level as stated
above.

CASE-3
After working for 30 years, Ramjee Somjee Dutt opted for VRS and started a courier company and did
very well in the first four years. He was now looking for expansion of his business and decided to
venture into Road transportation business between Chennai and Mumbai and Mumbai and Delhi as he
felt that he could do well on this line. However before taking a final decision he hires your
Management Consultant firm formed by yourself. He has requested you to work out the Price to quote
his clients for these two routes considering the costs involved. He expects to earn a minimum profit of
Rs 1000 per day per truck after meeting all expenses. Your analysis of market conditions tell you the
following:
Vehicle cost Rs 7 lacs Depreciation 15 % Maintenance costs per day Rs 150 Drivers monthly Salary
Rs 5000 : Attendants monthly salary Rs 3000 . Misc expenses Rs 200 per day. Driver allowance is Rs
125 per day and attendant gets Rs 75. Diesel cost per liter is Rs 25 and the vehicle gives an average
mileage of 4 km to a liter. The Financial institutions offer loans at 10 % interest pa, which Ramjee has
been negotiating. It has been observed that on an average the vehicle covers 400 km per day. The
distance between Mumbai to Delhi is 1500 km and Mumbai to Chennai is 1350 km. The driver gets
rest day in Mumbai only for one day after they return from any trip.

CASE-4
A company is operating in two unrelated businesses. The first one is making common salt, which is
of the businesses has decided to implement Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) in one of the two
businesses, which is likely to give him greater benefit. Assuming that the current turnover and profits
of both the units are comparable, compare the relative benefits and limitations of Materials
Requirement Planning (MRP) for these two businesses.

CASE-5
A Manufacturer of motorcycles buys spark plugs at Rs.15 each. Now he wishes to manufacture the
plugs in his own factory. The estimated cost for the manufacture of spark plugs is around
Rs.50,000=00 and the variable cost comes to Rs.5 per spark plug. The Production Manager advises the
Manufacturer that the factory should go for manufacturing instead of procuring them from the open
market.
List out reasons for the decision of the Production Manager backed up by the necessary data.

Question:   Hello Sir,

Kindly help me to solve the below case studies and dot the needful, look forward your favorable responses to the below problems. Thanks in advance

Case-1

After working for 30 years, Ramjee Somjee Dutt opted for VRS and started a courier company and did very well in the first four years. He was now looking for expansion of his business and decided to
venture into Road transportation business between Chennai and Mumbai and Mumbai and Delhi as he felt that he could do well on this line. However before taking a final decision he hires your
Management Consultant firm formed by yourself. He has requested you to work out the Price to quote his clients for these two routes considering the costs involved. He expects to earn a minimum profit of Rs 1000 per day per truck after meeting all expenses. Your analysis of market conditions tell you the
following:Vehicle cost Rs 7 lacs Depreciation 15 % Maintenance costs per day Rs 150 Drivers monthly Salary Rs 5000 : Attendants monthly salary Rs 3000 . Misc expenses Rs 200 per day. Driver allowance is Rs 125 per day and attendant gets Rs 75. Diesel cost per liter is Rs 25 and the vehicle gives an average mileage of 4 km to a liter. The Financial institutions offer loans at 10 % interest pa, which Ramjee has been negotiating. It has been observed that on an average the vehicle covers 400 km per day. The
distance between Mumbai to Delhi is 1500 km and Mumbai to Chennai is 1350 km. The driver gets rest day in Mumbai only for one day after they return from any trip.

Case - 2

A company is operating in two unrelated businesses. The first one is making common salt, which is sold in one-kilogram consumer packs. The second business is making readymade garments. The owner
of the businesses has decided to implement Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) in one of the two businesses, which is likely to give him greater benefit. Assuming that the current turnover and profits of both the units are comparable, compare the relative benefits and limitations of Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) for these two businesses.

case - 3

A Manufacturer of motorcycles buys spark plugs at Rs.15 each. Now he wishes to manufacture theplugs in his own factory. The estimated cost for the manufacture of spark plugs is around
Rs.50,000=00 and the variable cost comes to Rs.5 per spark plug. The Production Manager advises the Manufacturer that the factory should go for manufacturing instead of procuring them from the open market.List out reasons for the decision of the Production Manager backed up by the necessary data.

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LEO  LINGHAM
==========================================

CASE  3

[SEE   THE  ATTACHED  CHART ]

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CASE-4 (16 Marks)

1. Material Requirement Planning is a basic function of a manufacturing company.

2. It should neither have too much materials as it involves locking up of costly funds, nor it should have to little stocks as it may hamper production. A balance has to be created.

3. Material requirements planning (MRP) is a production planning and inventory control system used to manage manufacturing processes. Most MRP systems are software-based, while it is possible to conduct MRP by hand as well.

4. An MRP system is intended to simultaneously meet three objectives:

*Ensure materials are available for production and products are available for delivery to customers.
*Maintain the lowest possible material and product levels in store
*Plan manufacturing activities, delivery schedules and purchasing activities.

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CASE-5 (16 Marks)

let us assume that they need some 'x' plugs

cost to procure is 15*x

cost to pruduce is 50,000+ 5*x

both will be equal when 50,000+ 5*x = 15*x

when x=5000 pieces which is very less

so if we produce our own plugs we would save much money after we use 5000 pieces
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Question-4(architecthural management)
You will agree that all about urban planning and landscape is equally true for rural
design and landscape. However, the scale is different, cost of the land is less, size of
the plot is bigger and with the closeness of nature, achievement is comparatively easy.
What is important is the approach.
Keeping in mind that every village to be developed into a mini town with aesthetic
landscape, what would be your approach in order to achieve the desired level as stated
above.

The following 13 natural resource elements are addressed in all  RURAL Stewardship Management Plans when they are present and applicable to the landowner and the management of the property:
1. Soil and Water
2. Biological Diversity
3. Aesthetic Quality
4. Recreation
5. Timber
6. Fish and Wildlife
7. Threatened and Endangered Species
8. Forest Health
9. Archeological, Cultural, and Historic Sites
10. Wetlands
11. Fire
12. Carbon Cycle
13. Range/Agroforestry/Silvopasture
“The plan preparer will consider, describe and evaluate resource elements present and their importance to the ownership”. The extent to which management plans addresses these elements will depend upon their prevalence on the property and their importance with respect to the landowners’ primary objectives. The intent of this quoted guidance is that all approved RURAL  Stewardship plans be multi-resource in scope and adequately comprehensive with respect to forest ecosystem management. For more locally specific guidance and resources, plan preparers are encouraged to contact their state  RURAL Stewardship Program coordinator.
Management of each of these resource elements should also be considered in the context of the broader landscape as described by the “Landscape Stewardship Approach”. This approach has strong potential to increase our ability to sustain the benefits that both society and individuals derive from privately-owned forest land by engaging landowners and their communities in its management.

Soil and Water
All RURAL  Stewardship Plans should include a discussion of soil features in a manner compatible with the landowner’s objectives. Diverse conditions and cover type may necessitate several different descriptions for the property. Use practices that promote soil stability and water quality, and refer to your state’s Best Management Practices (BMPs) where applicable.

Biological Diversity
Biodiversity is the variety of life (including diversity of species, genetic diversity, and diversity of ecosystems) and the processes that support it. Landowners can contribute to the conservation of biodiversity by providing diverse habitats. It is important to select management options that offer the greatest opportunities for promoting wildlife habitats and conserving biodiversity while fulfilling other land ownership objectives. Some of these options include, but are not limited to, the conservation of wildlife habitats and biodiversity by:
1. Managing stand-level habitat features.
2. Promoting aquatic and riparian areas.
3. Managing landscape features.
4. Conserving rare species and communities.
5. Protecting special features and sites.
6. Developing partnerships with natural resource agencies and conservation organizations.

Aesthetic Quality
Measures to enhance natural aesthetics include: converting agricultural fields to hardwood or pine forests, creating wooded buffer zones to protect riparian areas, and enhancing wildlife suitability. Visual impacts of various forest management practices can also increase or
decrease aesthetics. There are numerous proven management techniques that may be employed to achieve the landowner’s desired level of aesthetic quality.

Recreation
Management practices to enhance recreation opportunities may be easy to implement depending on the type of forest-oriented recreational activities valued by the landowner. Examples of recreational management activities include: birding, hiking trails, hunting, fishing, and camping.

Timber
The RURAL  Stewardship Program assists landowners in sustainably managing their forest to be productive, vigorous, and healthy. Each  Stewardship Plan will likely contain detailed information on timber management activities associated with the landowner’s property. The type of management required by forest stands is based on your management recommendations, landowner objectives, and the current condition of the stand. The  Stewardship Plan should identify and recommend sound silviculture practices designed to help establish a new forest stand (regeneration), manage the existing trees (intermediate stand management), or implement a harvest activity to reach desired future stand condition based on management objectives.

Fish and Wildlife
Fish and other aquatic species depend on healthy water quality and quantity. Following state Best Management Practices (BMPs), which include establishing streamside management zones (SMZs), can increase and create fish habitats and wildlife diversity. Landowners that have bodies of water present on their property should contact natural resource professionals to obtain technical assistance on improvement, aquatic maintenance, and fish habitat conservation.

Threatened and Endangered Species
Federally protected species will affect RURAL Stewardship Plans.. All RURAL  Stewardship Plans should address rare, threatened, and endangered species.
A healthy forest is a forest that possesses the ability to sustain the unique species composition and processes that exist within it. Active management of the forest helps to maintain and improve its productive capacity, taking into account all the factors that influence the resource elements addressed in the  RURAL  Stewardship Plan. Silviculture harvest practices and the use of prescribed fire as a tool can reduce risk from wildfire, pests, and invasive species, and ensure long-term forest health and vigor. Forest health protection issues are often directly related to the active management of insects and diseases, invasive plants, and wildfire. Yearly inspections for signs of insects, diseases, or invasive plant infestations should be completed by the landowner.

Archeological, Cultural, and Historic Sites
Cultural resources refer to landscapes, structures, archeological artifacts, and vegetation that represent a culture or society of historic value. Federal and state laws protect archeological, cultural, and historic sites from disturbances, destruction, or removal. Landowners should be made aware of laws pertaining to archeological, cultural, and historic sites in their state.

Wetlands
Wetlands include areas where water covers the soil or is present either at or near the surface of the soil all year or for varying periods of time during the year (including during the growing season). Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, bogs, and fens. Wetlands are also
highly diverse and productive ecosystems with emphasis on supporting timber production, water quality protection, wildlife habitat, and more. The landowner is responsible for understanding laws and regulations related to forestry practices before engaging in wetland management activities on their land.

Fire
Prescribed fire, also known as “controlled burn,” refers to the controlled application of fire by a team of fire experts under specified weather conditions that help restore health to fire-adapted environments to obtain specific management objectives. Prescribed burning is a critical management tool that enhances and benefits forests, grasslands, and wildlife habitats. Reducing excessive amounts of hazardous fuel build up prescribed burning helps reduce the catastrophic damage of wildfire on our lands and surrounding communities. Prescribed fire is one of the most effective tools we have in preventing the outbreak and spread of wildfires.

Carbon Cycle
All forest plants and soils “store” carbon, so management influences the natural cycles of that storage in both living and dead plant material. The removal of carbon from the atmosphere is the process called carbon sequestration. Carbon sequestration is the process by which atmospheric carbon dioxide is consumed by trees, grasses, and other plants through photosynthesis and stored as carbon in biomass (trunks, branches, foliage, and roots) and soils. Sustainable forestry practices can increase the ability of forests to sequester atmospheric carbon while enhancing other ecosystem services, such as improved soil and water quality. Planting new trees and improving forest health through thinning and prescribed burning are some of the ways to increase forest carbon in Forest Stewardship
the long run. Harvesting and regenerating forests can also result in net carbon sequestration in wood products and new forest growth

Range/Agroforestry/Silvopasture
Rangelands are described as lands on which the indigenous vegetation is predominately grasses, grass-like plants, forbs, and possibly shrubs or dispersed trees. Existing plant communities can include both native and introduced plants. Disturbed lands that have been re-vegetated naturally or artificially are included. Rangelands provide a diverse and significant production of economic benefits and ecosystem goods and services. Livestock production and sustainable wildlife populations provide major, direct economic benefits; however, tourism, recreational uses, minerals/energy production, renewable energy, and other natural resource uses can be quite significant.

Agroforestry intentionally combines agriculture and forestry to create integrated and sustainable land use systems. Agroforestry takes advantage of the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops and/or livestock..

Silvopasture combines trees with forage and livestock production. The trees are managed for high-value saw logs while providing shade and shelter for livestock and forage, reducing stress and sometimes increasing forage production. To practice silvopasture effectively, landowners need specific information about tree species,
spacing, stand density, site preparation, herbicides, pruning, and canopy management. They also need to know about the animals they want to graze, fencing and gates, and forage.
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Management Consulting

Volunteer

#### Leo Lingham

##### Expertise

management consulting process, management consulting career, management development, human resource planning and development, strategic planning in human resources, marketing, careers in management, product management etc

##### Experience

18 years working managerial experience covering business planning, strategic planning, corporate planning, management service, organization development, marketing, sales management etc

PLUS

24 years in management consulting which includes business planning, strategic planning, marketing , product management,
human resource management, management training, business coaching,
counseling etc

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Education/Credentials
MASTERS IN SCIENCE