Military History/WWII

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QUESTION: Good Day Paul Edward Zukowski,

My name is Garrett Robinson. I am a student at Ottawa Hills High School in Toledo, Ohio. I am conducting research on World War II and the impact it had on the United States for my American History class and the National History Day program (ww.nhd.org). I  have found a great deal of information on the topic from Gerald D. Nash’s book The American West Transformed: The Impact of the Second World War and Claudia Goldin’s article The Role of World War II in the Rise of Women's Employment. I still have some questions about the impact the war had on women joining the workforce. Would you be willing to allow me to interview you on the subject? I don’t want to keep too much of your time, but your assistance would be greatly appreciated. I can conduct the interview in a way most convenient to you: over the phone, Skype, in person, or through email. If you are willing to assist me, please let me know the best time and way to contact you as soon as possible. I can send you some questions in advance if you wish.


If you should have any questions about the project, I would be happy to answer them. You may also contact my instructor, Mr. Bobak, at  ext. *417 or


Thank you for considering my request. I look forward to your reply.


Sincerely,


Garrett Robinson

Student, Ottawa Hills High School
2532 Evergreen Rd.
Ottawa Hills, OH 43606

ANSWER: Hi,
Here are some books that can help you.

American Women And World War II (History of Women in America)
by Doris Weatherford


Rosie the Riveter: Women Working on the Home Front in World War II
by Penny Colman


Her War: American Women in WWII
by Eleanor Lang

I can take a few short answer questions on this board.

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: Thank you very much! Below are twenty questions that relate to my topic, answer as many or few as you would like. Your help is greatly appreciated!

1.   How effective do you think the World War II propaganda was on women?
2.   What other factors led women to go into the work force?
3.   How did men feel about women taking their place in the workforce?
4.   How did the men react when they returned home from war?
5.   Was it harder for African American women to get a job?
6.   How many women actually joined the workforce?
7.   Did women earn less money than men?
8.   How did women feel about joining the workforce?
9.   How did this first step lead to even more women joining the work force?
10.   On average how much more money did men make than women?
11.   How did women joining the workforce impact family life?
12.   Did women begin to gain more respect from men?
13.   What age group of women was most involved in the workforce?
14.   How much bigger did the workforce get?
15.   Did women joining the workforce have an effect on immigration?
16.   How did women joining the workforce impact women򳠲ights?
17.   When did women start joining the workforce?
18.   How long were the women򳠷orkdays compared to men򳿍
19.   How do you think we would have faired in World War II without them?
20.   Were there any women leaders who were encouraging women to join the work force?

Thank you once again! I look forward to your response!

Answer
>1. How effective do you think the World War II propaganda was on women?
Rosie the riveter was a great success. Million of woman went into work force.
Prior to this it was taboo for woman to work outside the house.

>2. What other factors led women to go into the work force?
Many cases the man of the house was gone into military and families needed the money.


>4. How did the men react when they returned home from war?
They expected their jobs back and expected to woman to go back to being wives and mothers.

>6. How many women actually joined the workforce?

It was 2.8 Million in 1942 armaments industry. That number tripled by the end of the war.
Plus millions in transportation, agricultural, and office work.
The federal government hired almost 1 million woman.
At the peak 19 million entered the work force.

>7. Did women earn less money than men?

They were paid 1/2 or less of what man made.

>8. How did women feel about joining the workforce?

Many felt it was their duty to support the war effort and were happy free a man up to fight.

>9. How did this first step lead to even more women joining the work force?

It was not the first step. Woman did the same during WWI http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3786889?uid=3739576&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&


>12. Did women begin to gain more respect from men?

The men running aircraft companies with attention to detail the female works had. 65% of aircraft were females by the end of the war.

>13. What age group of women was most involved in the workforce?
25 to 35

>14. How much bigger did the workforce get?

17 million men went into the military about 18 million woman entered civilian work force.


>17. When did women start joining the workforce?
1942

>18. How long were the women򳠷orkdays compared to men򳿍

It was the same

>19. How do you think we would have faired in World War II without them?

It would had delaying effect as tried we tried to build ships, tanks, guns planes etc.
It would made the war longer, especially against Japan. We needed to build a fleet.
It might have made choose to fight Japan only. It would very hard to supply a 2 front war 18 million fewer workers.

This link will be helpful http://www.thehistoryconnection.com/Women-In-WW2.html

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Paul Edward Zukowski

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My interest is in the area US Military History. I have a special interest in US small arms. The Civil War, WWI and WWII are areas of special interest but I can handle questions on many areas of US military history.

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I spent 2 years in Army ROTC and have been a military history buff most of my life. Does spending too much time watching the History Channel Count : )? Here is some general background information as a means of full disclosure. (it appears on all my profiles)
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A general biography my fit more here so I offer the following. (it appears on on all my profiles) After all who we are affects our opinions or even inadvertently effect of statements of fact. I hold a AS from Eastern Conn. State Univ. and a BA from Trinity College, Hartford Ct. Plus 11 other professional certifications. I have received 31 awards for various activities. My writings published in ?The Other Voice? and other publications. I have had my original music published, licensed and recorded by David Kaye. I have been a guest on CyberRadio & TV and many other talk radio programs. I welcome interviews and I am willing to act as a technical advisor to various media. I am single and have resided in Hartford, Ct. since 1976. I have no children. I am a political conservative with libertarian leanings. I am a registered Republican. I am a Roman Catholic. I have worked in the following areas, entertainment, real estate, mortgage banking, and human services. I have owned 2 businesses. Some of my interests include politics, law, history, and current events.Hobbies I partake in include music, target shooting and cars (my Camaro rumbles) If you wish to find out more about me, feel free to visit my web page PEZmans World
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