Military History/WW 2

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QUESTION: My deceased father Paul A. Chacho entered army at Jamaica NY on 4/28/41.  His discharge papers indicate (box 30) ggun crewman light artillery 844. Battles listed as Ardennes Central Europe, Normandy, Northern France GO 33 WD 45 as amended.  Received Distinguished unit badge. Good conduct medal European African middle eastern service medal purple heart go 26 HQ 80th div 15 sep 44. His army serial # 32116519 separation @ ctr ft did nj.       I would truly appreciate any information you can provide regarding his service on what transport he was on the medals he received. Also if you could please explain box 55 Lapel button issued, 9 days lost under aw107 and ASR score 2 sep 1945 119. He had a great memory and recited many stories to me including being separated from his unit and his colorful attempts to relocate them. I would deeply appreciate every bit of information you can provide..Thank you..

ANSWER: Dear Sir,
       Thank you for your question.  In it you typed "discharge papers".  I assume (something I am loathed to do) that you are referring to your father's WD AGO Form 53-55.
       In your question you typed "gun crewman light artillery".  The M.O.S. indicates your father would have been a "gun crewman" on a 105mm Howitzer.
       In your question you typed "Ardennes, Central Europe, Normandy, Northern France".  The CAMPAIGNS your father participated in were:

Normandy          June 6-July 24, 1944
Northern France    July 25-September 14, 1944
Ardennes-Alsace    December 16, 1944-January 15, 1945
Central Europe     March 22-May 8, 1945

       In your question you typed "Distinguished unit badge".  I am familiar with the Presidential Unit Citation, awarded to ALL members of said unit.
       In your question you typed "purple heart go 26 HQ 80th div 15 sep 44."  There was only one 105 mm Howitzer battalion that was an organic element to the 80th Infantry Division that was awared a Presidential Unit Citation, the 313th Field Artillery Battalion.  Awarded for the period September 12-21, 1944, War Department General Order #27, 1945.  The 313th Field Artillery Battalion, 80th Infantry Division, participated in the following CAMPAIGNS:

Northern France      July 25-September 14, 1944
Rhineland          September 15, 1944-March 21, 1945
Ardennes-Alsace      December 16, 1944-January 15, 1945
Central Europe       March 22-May 8, 1945

       In your question you typed "on what transport he was on".  Please provide me with ALL THE DATES typed in Box #36 on page two of your father's WD AGO Form 53-55.  With those FACTS, I'll see what I can do.
       In your question you typed "9 days lost under aw107".  Please refer to Box #22 & Box #24 on page two of your father's WD AGO Form 53-55.  There should be an approximate difference of nine days between when your father was inducted into the US Army & when he entered the US Army.  The US Army provided your father with approximately nine days to place his personal affairs in order prior to entering the US Army.
       In your question you typed "ASR score 2 sep 1945 119."  Your father's Adjusted Service Rating Score was 119 points, as of September 2, 1945 (V-J Day).  Points were awarded for length of time in service, length of time overseas, CAMPAIGNS, combat awards/decorations, WIA, wife, children, etc.
       Good Luck with your quest.

  Respectfully,
   Richard V. Horrell
    WW 2 Connections

---------- FOLLOW-UP ----------

QUESTION: To follow up your assumption that I was reviewing my father's AGO 53-55 is correct.  The dates in box 36 (date of dep) 5 Aug 42 ETO (arrive) 18 Aug 42.    Returning 27 sept 45 USA 5 Oct 45. Regarding your question regarding 9 days lost under aw 107, box 22 and 24 are identical.  28 Apr 41.
Do you have any idea of what actions the unit took in order to receive the distinguished unit badge?  One last question could you explain how he accumulated 119 asr points. He was married no children. Thank you again. It truly is great of you to share your knowledge..

Answer
Dear Sir,
       Thank you for your follow-up.  In it you typed "dates in box 36 (date of dep) 5 Aug 42 ETO (arrive) 18 Aug 42."  Departing the New York Port of Embarkation on August 6, 1942, eleven troop ships arrived at various ports in Great Britain.  The following are the troop ships, location of arrival & date of arrival:

RMS Andes          Liverpool, England        August 17, 1942
RMS Orcades          Liverpool, England        August 17, 1942
USS West Point  AP-23    Liverpool, England        August 17, 1942

RMS Batory (Polish)      Gourock, Scotland         August 17, 1942
RMS Queen of Bermuda     Gourock, Scotland         August 17, 1942
SS Argentina          Gourock, Scotland         August 17, 1942
SS Monterey          Gourock, Scotland         August 17, 1942
SS Uruguay          Gourock, Scotland         August 17, 1942
USAT Thomas H. Barry     Gourock, Scotland         August 17, 1942
USS Wakefield  AP-21     Gourock, Scotland         August 17, 1942

SS Brazil          Avonmouth, England        August 18, 1942

One FACT is clear, your father was NOT assigned [assigned] to the 313th Field Artillery Battalion, an organic element of the 80th Infantry Division, when he sailed overseas:

Departure Date:   July 1, 1944
Departure Location:   New York Port of Embarkation
Troop Ship:   RMS Queen Mary
Unit Onboard:   80th Infantry Division
Arrival Date:   July 7, 1944
Arrival Location:   Gourock, Scotland
    14,527 Troops onboard

       In your follow-up you typed "Returning 27 sept 45 USA 5 Oct 45."

Departure Date:   September 27, 1945
Departure Location:   Southampton, England
Troop Ship:   SS Costa Rica Victory
Arrivl Date:   October 5, 1945
Arrival Location:   New York Port of Embarkation
    MAGIC CARPET voyage

       In your follow-up you typed "Do you have any idea.......the distinguished unit badge"?  The 313th Field Artillery Battalion was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation for its role in the 80th Infantry Division's crossing of the Moselle River (France) as well as maintaining the division's bridgehead across the Moselle River during repeated enemy counter-attacks.
       Good Luck with your quest.

  Respectfully,
   Richard V. Horrell
    WW 2 Connections  

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Richard V. Horrell

Expertise

Can answer: World War Two. Specifically, the troop transport ships that took US Military Personnel overseas & returned them to the US, 1941-47. Also, unit history of US Army QM, Signal, MP, Ordnance, Medical, Transportation & Engineer units that served during WW 2. The more obscure units are my specialty. If you have the APO that a Veteran sent letters from or received letters at, I can look up the history of that APO.

Experience

A lifelong study of WW 2, including participation as a WW 2 Re-enactor, 1980-2002. Also, interviewing over 400 WW 2 Veterans about their role in WW 2.

Organizations
AASLH, Middle Tennessee Genealogical Society

Publications
Over 800 Profiles that I have written for client's about their loved one's role in WW 2.

Education/Credentials
BA, History & Political Science (19th & 20th Century European History) Webster University, Webster Groves, MO.

Awards and Honors
Assisting the National Archives on numerous occasions during the 50th Anniversary Commemoration of WW 2, 1991-95.

Past/Present Clients
Respectfully, I do not disclose the names of the clients I deal with. I have a confidentially agreement with them.

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