Military History/Campaign


I am doing some research on the Sheepeater Campaign that took place in central Idaho in 1879.  It lasted for 5 months.  In old accounts it was called the Sheepeater War
In a 1926 document I read that, "Recently the War Department has officially recognized this as a campaign and Army Regulations have been amended accordingly."
What does it mean to recognize a military event as a "campaign" and why would Army Regulations have to amended to do this?  Why 47 years after the event would someone lobby for the designation?
The man who wrote the above was a retired colonel in the Army and participated in the "campaign" as a 1st Lieutenant.   Thanks

I don't know for certain, but it could have to do with pensions. A veteran of the event may have petitioned to have it re-classified as a campaign to receive more money. Or it could have been someone looking for some kind of award or medal. Getting "upgraded" to be an official "campaign" would help with that.

Why Regulations would have to be amended is another story. It could be a separate issue.

Have you tried contacting the Army Center of Military History? Someone there should know.

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Marc Leepson


I can answer most questions dealing with all aspects of U.S. military history. My expertise is the Vietnam War. I also have written extensively about the U.S. Civil War, World War II, World War I, The Philippine War, and the American Revolution. My books include a concise biography of the Marquis de Lafayette, the history of the American Flag, and the post-Jefferson history of Monticello, and therefore know a great deal about those specific subjects. I specialize in writing about matters of strategy--not tactics. And I also am interested in personalities. I have very little knowledge about ordnance or the value of old military memorabilia. Nor do I know a lot about uniforms and insignia--except about the Vietnam War. To repeat: I have no expertise in assessing the value of ordnance or uniforms or any type of military equipment. And my knowledge about military uniforms is only limited to those of the Vietnam War era. If you have questions on these topics, I recommend contacting an antiques dealer in your area who specializes in military uniforms, ordnance, etc.


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