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Military History/Questions Answered by Expert Marc Leepson

SubjectDate Asked
Vietnam war query1/17/2017
  Q: I hope this finds you well. I wanted to see if you could help me with an query I have regarding ...
  A: Mark, Happy to shed some light on this. Yes, the U.S. sent the Army Special Forces (the Green ...
Operation Valkyrie- World War II1/11/2017
  Q: Leepson, I am a high school student in my junior year at Bedford High School in Massachusetts. I am ...
  A: While I don't consider myself an expert on World War II history, I have written about the war and ...
DEFECTIVE WW II MORTER SHELLS12/18/2016
  Q: My father was killed in Dec. 1944 in WW II in Italy allegedly due to a defective morter shell that ...
  A: You would need to look at your father's unit's records, which should be in the National Archives in ...
identifying WWII Army unit12/7/2016
  Q: I am transcribing letters written by a Lieutenant in the Army in WWI. He was stationed somewhere in ...
  A: It looks like he was with Battery B of the 283rd Field Artillery Battalion (105mm Howitzer). Those ...
Dad's Military Information11/16/2016
  Q: Hey Marc, My dad was is WW II. He would not talk much about the War. I have his discharge papers and ...
  A: You would need the Bronze Star citation that went along with the medal. The document here, what's ...
WWII era hat and medallion? Needing help11/7/2016
  Q: Would you be willing to help me out? Any knowledge would be greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance
  A: Can't say I recognize it, although I can say with near certainty that it's not an American military ...
Ship names10/21/2016
  Q: Mr. Leepson, I am assisting a Veteran research the possibility of a connection between his existing ...
  A: If you hadn't mentioned the National Archives, that's what I would have suggested. You've ...
uniform indentification10/12/2016
  Q: i have recently discovered my paternal grandfathers military uniform picture, he served in ww1, the ...
  A: Wish I could help you, but I have no expertise whatsoever on Italian uniforms or military history. ...
WWI Fighter Pilots9/15/2016
  Q: I'm hoping you can answer this because I cannot find anything on the internet to confirm or deny. ...
  A: Sorry, but I don't have any info on this. Have you tried contacting the American Aviators of World ...
South Picific ww 29/11/2016
  Q: ii25th military police co. aviation ..could you tell me all you know about what they did .. he ...
  A: Are you referring to the 25th MP Company or the 1125th? I couldn't find anything on the 1125th. It ...
Discharge9/9/2016
  Q: My dad wants to know what is the meaning of" permanent limited service ".it shows up on his ...
  A: I believe that this term means that he suffered some type of physical injury that was not severe ...
Pin symbols8/28/2016
  Q: Can you identify the symbols? on this 106th CA AAA WWII PIN Also can you tell me why the 106th and ...
  A: Sorry but I don't have a clue about the symbols. And I have no special knowledge about those two ...
Identify old military hat8/14/2016
  Q: I found a military hat in an old trunk. My dad was in the Navy WWII (Pacific) and was a prisoner of ...
  A: I'm not an expert on uniforms, but the hat looks like it has some kind of flying insignia. I checked ...
Wanting to know more about american generals and what they did during WW2.4/25/2016
  Q: During ww2 who were some of the most important U.S. generals during ww2? What responsibilities did ...
  A: Entire books have been written about U.S. Generals and World War II. I would suggest you read about ...
US Military R&D spending during WWII4/7/2016
  Q: I know that developing nuclear weaponry and B-29 bombers cost the US together five billion WWII era ...
  A: It looks like the total cost was $3.3 trillion; with the Manhattan Project at around $20 billion. ...
Civil War companies3/14/2016
  Q: My ancestor William Lloyd Larose served in the Civil War in the 4th Regiment of RI volunteers in ...
  A: Actually, it's not an easy question. In the overwhelming majority of cases, both companies would ...
Dads ww2 service2/12/2016
  Q: My Dad never talked much about his time during the war,as I just became a grandfather to a grandson ...
  A: As next of kin, you are entitled to receive a copy of his military personnel records from the ...
Campaign1/20/2016
  Q: I am doing some research on the Sheepeater Campaign that took place in central Idaho in 1879. It ...
  A: I don't know for certain, but it could have to do with pensions. A veteran of the event may have ...
WWll Dan Spivey1/4/2016
  Q: I am trying to reach Expert Mr. Kieth Patton. He answered my question very well but I failed to ...
  A: Sorry, I don't have anything on that company. You might want to check with the Army Center of ...
Trying to identify this uniform12/16/2015
  Q: Good evening! I was recently given an old military uniform. From what little I was told its from ...
  A: I'm not a uniform expert, but I do know a fair amount about WWI and I don't believe I've seen this ...
Deciphering Acronyms from Father's Service Records12/3/2015
  Q: Good afternoon, Mr. Leepson. I recently found a note written to me by my father (but never given to ...
  A: The first two entries describe your father's two units in Vietnam, where he served in the war's ...
B-17 Superman10/4/2015
  Q: my father flew 50 missions as a ball turet gunner on superman B-17. won the distiguish flying cross. ...
  A: Are you looking for more info about the bomb group? If so, try contacting the Army Center of ...
World War I8/15/2015
  Q: My great grandfather served in WWI. He was with the 31st Infantry, a private in Comp. K He enlisted ...
  A: You should be able to get a copy of your grandfather's military records from the National Archives' ...
Vietnam War6/15/2015
  Q: I have an essay prompt I am quite stuck on, any help would be greatly appreciated.It is supposed to ...
  A: Entire books have been written on this topic. I would devote one paragraph to the U.S. taking over ...
B-17 Flight Engineer in UK5/17/2015
  Q: Young lad working in a store that I met yesterday, knows nothing about his grandfather. I offered ...
  A: As far as being drafted versus joining, the military kept the same records on both categories. The ...
Civil War Cannons4/16/2015
  Q: Did Krupp make any cannons for the civil war and did Krupp make any cannons for the USA?
  A: Not from what I found after a quick search. See, America at the Fair: Chicago's 1893 World's ...
Atom Bombs Used on Japan3/19/2015
  Q: My question that after we dropped the two a-Bombs on Japan,did we have any more A-Bombs left to ...
  A: Good questions. It appears, from the little bit of research I just did, that we had one or two other ...
127th inf. co.d 32nd div.1/20/2015
  Q: On Oct.4,1918 the 32nd releived the 91st,including the 127th. Co.'s A, B,C, were in offensive ...
  A: An educated guess: As a sniper he could have been with the reserve unit and still done that job. I ...
info on 77th Infantry div about myself1/18/2015
  Q: Mr Leepson, I was a reservist in the 77th infantry division stationed at Fort Totten from 1965 to ...
  A: I don't have any answers for you, but I can suggest three places that might. First, for info about ...
Bennie M. Prisant12/25/2014
  Q: After searching for about 6 years, being told that all his records had been destroyed, and traveling ...
  A: My only thought would be to try find the 358th morning reports and other unit records, such as after ...
acronyms12/14/2014
  Q: My father-in-law is buried at Arlington. My husband and I would like to know what these mean: SGT HQ ...
  A: SGT = Sergeant HQ DET = Headquarters Detachment 2 AGFRD = Army Ground Forces Replacement Depot No. ...
A few Questions about my Grandfather's Honorary Discharge Paperwork12/1/2014
  Q: Leepson, I have recently been trying to search down the history of my Grandfather's invovlement in ...
  A: It looks like he was in the 325th Glider Infantry Regiment, which was part of the 82nd Airborne. Did ...
National Gaurd size prior to WWII11/30/2014
  Q: Can you tell me the aprox size of the states National gaurds prior to WWII? In particular the ...
  A: There's a list at this web site: www.historyshots.com/USArmy/ListDivisions.cfm?t=4&d=National And ...
WWII Installations11/24/2014
  Q: Where can I obtain a complete listing of ALL US military installation in the US during WWII.?
  A: I'd check with the National Archives. A good place to start would be ...
War11/15/2014
  Q: First of all thank you for taking my question or questions. First I want to say I am a Operation ...
  A: Great questions. Historians have written books about all of them. I can only begin to hint at any ...
Meaning of C-H on WWII posters11/12/2014
  Q: This is a question that has attracted intense interest among a group of Wikipedia editors. We have ...
  A: I looked into WWII posters for my book Flag: An American Biography, but I was focused on those that ...
Found military dog tag11/11/2014
  Q: I found a dog tag I believe may be from the 60's - Vietnam era. Do you have any suggestions on how ...
  A: One way would be to use the Locator section of The VVA Veteran, the magazine published by Vietnam ...
WWII10/29/2014
  Q: Hopeful you may help. My father was a Private in WWII. Specifically looking for info with regards to ...
  A: The 494th AAA was an Air Defense Artillery Regiment Gun Battalion. It looks like that unit's ...
WWII Medals Bronze Stars10/25/2014
  Q: 1st. Lt W.A.C. Alice I. Moomaw served from September, 1943 until February, 1946 Separated in Des ...
  A: It appears she received the Asiatic-Pacific Medal for serving in that theater of war. The 2 Bronze ...
ms jagersfontein10/21/2014
  Q: was ms jagersfontein sunk in the 40s or was it still going in 1967 like some site say.?
  A: I don't have any special knowledge about this. You might want to contact the U.S. Naval Historical ...
Draft letters in 196410/18/2014
  Q: I received a draft notice in May 1964 right after I graduated from college. I don't have the letter ...
  A: Different draft boards had different formats for their draft notices during the Vietnam War. I ...
Info on WWI 36th infantry div8/21/2014
  Q: I'm in charge of research Broken Arrow Ok. Military History Museum. I'm trying to find info on a Mr. ...
  A: Have you tried contacting the Army Center of Military History? http://www.history.army.mil I'd also ...
WWII medal8/9/2014
  Q: My father-in law, William E. Winfree, served in WWII and has all his bars, in fact he has 1 more bar ...
  A: It's probably a clerical error of some sort. Are you referring to his DD-214 from when you say ...
WW17/28/2014
  Q: My great uncle was a vet of WW1 and I would like to know what his experience was as far as where he ...
  A: I found a regimental history of the 357th at ...
Rank Promotions7/6/2014
  Q: During WWII when enlisted men received a promotion in rank from PFC to SGT would that information be ...
  A: There is one pay grade between PFC (E-3) and SGT (E-5), which was Corporal (E-4) during World War ...
WWII volunteers7/4/2014
  Q: How quickly did men volunteer for the military after the bombing of Pearl Harbor? Since the attack ...
  A: Couldn't find anything on day by day enlistment, although hundreds of thousands did enlist in the ...
Military Voting Rights pre Civil War6/24/2014
  Q: How did soldiers, stationed away from their residence prior to the Civil War, vote in National ...
  A: When I did the research for my book, Desperate Engagement, about the July 9, 1864, Battle of ...
WWI unit information5/15/2014
  Q: I am trying to research my husband's grandfathers WWI service. I received the abstract today. I am ...
  A: Co G means Company G. The usual thing is for the battalion and regiment to follow, then the ...
American Veterans of Foreign Service5/8/2014
  Q: I am looking for specific information related to the group's inception. I know they were organized ...
  A: Sorry, but I don't have any special info about the American Veterans of Foreign Service. You said ...
verification of Bronze Star and PH medals4/12/2014
  Q: My father, Fred Warnell was with the 132nd Ord.Maint. Bn. with the 10th armored division. I am ...
  A: You have done an amazing amount of work here. The DD-214, as I'm guessing you know, is the ultimate ...
Campaigns3/20/2014
  Q: My grandfather was in World War II and never talked about his service. I sent off several years ago ...
  A: The 11th Infantry Regiment was part of the 5th Infantry Division during World War II. (A Division is ...
Potsdam Conference3/4/2014
  Q: I would like to know what the most important points were on the Potsdam Conference and the main ...
  A: The Potsdam Conference was controversial, especially during the Cold War, mainly because in post-War ...
Vietnam war2/23/2014
  Q: USA have sent total around 500.00 soldiers to Vietnam, if I am right. Some of this people lost their ...
  A: The total number of American troops who took part in the war in Vietnam was 2.8 million. Every ...
WWII2/22/2014
  Q: I've read where immediately after the attack on Pearl Harbor that military recruitment centers ...
  A: The draft in effect at that time was for those aged 21 and above. Later, in 1942, the draft age was ...
Dog Tag/SeaBee2/18/2014
  Q: I have my late father's dog tags and I have a few questions about them. He served in the Navy in ...
  A: My guess about the first name is that the letters in his last name plus his first name may have been ...
Draft in 19642/14/2014
  Q: The following questions pertain to the U.S. military draft in 1964. In a typical situation, how much ...
  A: It was a matter of weeks that you had to report after getting your draft notice during the Vietnam ...
World War I Company Selection12/25/2013
  Q: Mr. Leepson, I'm a 16 y/o high schooler currently writing a screenplay about American boys who ...
  A: How many boys are you talking about? These things were possible for a group of friends, say four or ...
U.S. military in Iraq12/16/2013
  Q: I'm trying to contact someone that would be knowledgeable enough to settle an argument regarding ...
  A: I am not an expert on that. Doing a bit of on-line searching, I found this article from the ...
instrument of surrender with japan12/12/2013
  Q: I HAVE A 14 x 20 INSTRUMENT OF SURRENDER WITH JAPAN, 8 PAGE DOCUMENT U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE ...
  A: My guess is that since it is a GPO document, copies were given to government agencies (the National ...
Military history11/29/2013
  Q: The major military operations, battles and campaigns, land and sea, of the Spanish American War. ...
  A: Even though the U.S. won the war fairly easily, there were many weaknesses in the military, ...
202nd engineer combat bat.11/17/2013
  Q: My dad was a member of 202nd at time of discharge. What action did the 202nd see and on his ...
  A: It appears the 202nd landed at Normandy on D-Day and took part in many actions in France and Germany ...
WWII10/5/2013
  Q: My Father (Benito V. Rubio) served in WWII. He entered the in 1942 -1945. His DD214 says his unit ...
  A: Sorry to be just answering this, but I didn't get the usual email from ALLExperts till last night. ...
Corporal Douglas Aelian Diamond, WWI9/4/2013
  Q: I am researching family history, and am interested in knowing more about my great grand uncle, ...
  A: You want to try to get his official military records, which would contain info on his awards and ...
US Army Patch8/28/2013
  Q: Can you please provide the History and meaning of the 4th Armored Emblem.
  A: I found this description on the 4th Armoured Historical site: ...
World War I7/20/2013
  Q: Mr. Marc Leepson, I was trying to find out where this man would have been buried and some about his ...
  A: I don't have any info on the unit. I have some suggestions, though. Have you tried looking up his ...
What do all of these abreviations stand for?7/16/2013
  Q: I have a WWI Draft Card listing U.S. Private Cavalry. I have another source regarding the same ...
  A: Draft cards do not usually list a person's rank or unit. What you have must be something else. ...
World War II, Europe6/15/2013
  Q: On my dad's discharge papers line 32 has the following: "GO 33 & 40 WD 45 Rhineland Central ...
  A: I'm not familiar with these abbreviations. 40 WD 45 could refer to the years 1940-45, but that's a ...
Father's WWII Service5/31/2013
  Q: My father served in the 3546th Ordnance Medium Auto Maintenance Co. in Normandy-Northern ...
  A: You can try to get a copy of his Military Personnel Record from National Archives. There's a good ...
2059th Q..M>, New Guinea5/9/2013
  Q: I am researching information about this squadron and it's operation in New Guinea in 1944. I have ...
  A: I have several suggestions. First, you should try to get your relative's official military ...
Alcan highway4/27/2013
  Q: I am researching my great uncle, Glen P Christianson, caucasion. He worked on the Alcan highway.Born ...
  A: Glad you know about the procedures for getting military personnel records. Sorry, but I didn't see ...
WWI4/22/2013
  Q: Leepson, I have this form that was filled out by my great uncle after he served in WWI. Would you ...
  A: A wagoneer was someone who drove a horse-pulled wagon--in other words, the modern equivalent of a ...
Vietnam War4/10/2013
  Q: Hope you don't mind me picking your brain. I've been doing some research about the Vietnam War and ...
  A: All of your question are good. On the other hand, entire books have been written about each of the ...
Plaque Inquiry3/4/2013
  Q: Sir, Need your knowledge about this plaque. Thank you.
  A: I have no special knowledge about this. If I had to guess, I'd say it's a replica of one that was ...
draft in Viet Nam War2/4/2013
  Q: Marc, I'm doing some research as I'm writing about our marriage and the birth of our two sons. They ...
  A: It looks like the marriage deferment during the Vietnam War era began in September of 1963 and ended ...
NY's 79th Regiment Co. E (May to Dec. 61) Co. D thereafter until1/26/2013
  Q: I overheard a story last Memorial Day at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn,NY during a memorial ...
  A: I am not a Civil War expert, but I did a bit of searching, including on two huge on-line newspaper ...
Theron A Corliss1/23/2013
  Q: My grandfather served during WW2 with the 401st Engineer Combat Battalion out of Ft Devens Mass. ...
  A: Try this website for the 401st: ...
Unit awards for MAG-11 and MAG-121/8/2013
  Q: Leepson, I am a Marine veteran of the Vietnam War, I served with H&MS-12, MAG-12 between August 1965 ...
  A: I recommend you contact the USMC History Division. The web site is www.history.usmc.mil If you ...
Grand army of Republic and Civil War12/28/2012
  Q: My grandmother gave me some military stuff I want more info on and an approximate value. The first ...
  A: The value of all of these depends on the condition of the items. You need to take them to an antique ...
WWII12/4/2012
  Q: Marc, Can you tell me the reason for the primary continual conflict between the British and the ...
  A: It is true that England and Germany were imperialist rivals on a global scale before World War II, ...
Searching for Childhood Friend11/23/2012
  Q: I do apologize for not being completely accurate on my question yesterday. Brigadier General Dyer ...
  A: That makes it a bit easier. But only a bit. All U.S. military records are held by the National ...
Seeking Childhood Friend11/23/2012
  Q: Greeting Marc. I hope you can help me locate a childhood friend of mine who's always been on my my ...
  A: I know the process for searching for veterans of the U.S. military, but have never looked into ...
Military Helmet Identification11/21/2012
  Q: I saw that you have a very unique nack for military items - and I was hoping you could help me ...
  A: It looks like a helmet liner, post WWII. Here's a good description from Wikipedia with details on ...
WWII Navy11/14/2012
  Q: I have a relative that service in WWII in the Navy. His rate and rank are AS V-6 he served on the ...
  A: Doing a little research, I found that V-6 during WWII was a designation for someone who volunteered ...
Military Police Company11/11/2012
  Q: Sir, My father was in a MP Company at Fort Custer Michigan during WW II. I have not been able to ...
  A: I don't have any special knowledge about that unit. I would suggest you contact the Army Center of ...
1950s container11/2/2012
  Q: while demolishing and old ww1 warehouse/bombshelter i came across a 1950's sealed container with a ...
  A: Sorry, but this isn't in my area of expertise. All I can tell you is that this looks very much like ...
No One Gets Left Behind10/22/2012
  Q: Just wondering if you know the history/ origin of the military phrase "No One Gets Left Behind" I ...
  A: Sorry to say I don't have any special knowledge on the origins of the phrase. I believe it's always ...
Uniform Identification10/9/2012
  Q: I found this in my grandmother's things years ago after her death have only now rediscovered it. I ...
  A: While I'm not an expert on uniforms, it appears as though this is a late 19th century Army cavalry ...
Hitler/Three Stooges8/21/2012
  Q: I hope you can help me with this, but several years ago I read an obscure urban legend that Adolf ...
  A: I've never heard this before. I did a little checking and it appears that Moe's portrayal of Hitler ...
US Communications Corp New Guinea 1942-19458/12/2012
  Q: My father was a technical sergeant in the US Army based in New Guinea and the Philippines in ...
  A: As a direct descendant, you should be eligible to get a copy of your father's service record, which ...
alternative history7/30/2012
  Q: In the cold war you know how the US didn't like communist right? So when the Soviet union and China ...
  A: The Soviet Union and China strongly supported N. Vietnam in the American war with arms, material and ...
Beauregard VS McClellan at Gettysburg?6/22/2012
  Q: Ltc. Lynn, In your opinion, what would the outcome of the battle of Gettysburg had been if ...
  A: What ifs are fun if all but meaningless. But if you held me feet first from a tenth-floor window and ...
Military Photo6/10/2012
  Q: Attached is a photo that was found among my parents belongings when they passed. Can you tell ...
  A: I know a little bit about military uniforms, but not enough, sorry to say, to identify this group. ...
Grandfather's military service-WW 16/1/2012
  Q: I am looking for info on my grandfather's service in WW 1. I have a "bad" copy of his discharge ...
  A: I can confirm that there was a fire at the St. Louis center and many personnel records were lost. ...
war children heroics5/17/2012
  Q: For my class of 5-13yrs old, could you share with me any stories of children that served in any army ...
  A: The youngest children I am aware of are young teen-agers, in the 14-16 year old category, who served ...
Belgium World War 15/6/2012
  Q: What role did Belgium play in World War 1? What was their impact in the war?
  A: Belgium was overrun by Germany at the start of World War I. Although greatly outnumbered, the ...
Military Badge4/26/2012
  Q: I recently acquired this badge. I have not been able to idenify it. I have enclosed a photo of front ...
  A: I'm not an expert on badges and military insignia, but I know a bit about the subject and did some ...
korea military academy medal4/10/2012
  Q: i found this medal in my back yard, hoping you would be able to tell me more about it, looked for ...
  A: Sorry, I don't have a clue, either. You might want to try contacting one of the Korean War veterans ...
Vietnam Draft4/2/2012
  Q: My first question is specific to the draft into the US Military during the Vietnam war. However I ...
  A: You could be rejected from the Vietnam War draft for many reasons. If you provided the sole support ...
AAA SEARCH LTS +3/27/2012
  Q: My Dad was in a AAA Bn during WWII, did a Bn have its own search lights? Or was that a seperate ...
  A: I do not know for certain and I couldn't find anything in the reference books I have here. My guess ...
WWI medical picture3/26/2012
  Q: I believe this picture to be from WWI but I would like any information possible about it, where it ...
  A: It's difficult to see any uniforms in this photo, but it looks like it could very well be of WWI ...
Army Capt. Thomas E. Griffith3/24/2012
  Q: My grandfather was assigned to the 4th Motor Mechanics Regiment from Dec. 18, 1917 to July 18. 1918. ...
  A: Not sure I can be of much help, since I would have suggested you get his official records from the ...
Military footlookers3/13/2012
  Q: My father retired an officer in 1966 after 31 years of service. I have his "metal" footlocker and ...
  A: All I can tell you about this subject is my experience being in the Army from 1967-69. Footlockers ...
Need help identifying era of a dogtag2/28/2012
  Q: I was wondering if you could help me ID the era of this dogtag as well as any other info you could ...
  A: Although I'm no expert on dog tags, I do have my own Army dog tag from the Vietnam War and can tell ...
D-Day + 12/16/2012
  Q: Several months before his death, my father wept about his beach landing, which he said was D-Day + ...
  A: As I am not an expert on WWII history, I would suggest you check with the Army Center of Military ...
James Heffran2/16/2012
  Q: There exists a tombstone with a name on it as James Heffran, 303rd AAF Bomb Grp, that show date of ...
  A: I would check his Army records. All of those records are held at the National Archives Military ...
Vietnam war2/15/2012
  Q: when did the Vietnam war start
  A: Although the U.S. sent military advisers to South Vietnam in 1954 and the first American service ...
Battle of Thermopylae2/15/2012
  Q: I'm doing a Historical Investigation for my IB History class and my Research Question that I came up ...
  A: I am not an expert on the ancient Greek wars. I can tell you, though, that the general historical ...
Bengal Light Infantry Item2/7/2012
  Q: I recently acquired this item and I am not really sure what it is. It reminds me of a belt buckle ...
  A: I'm not an expert on the Indian and British armies, so I can't give you any advice along those ...
gun relic2/4/2012
  Q: I dug this up near Vimy Ridge in France. It's 10.25 inches long and is clearly the trigger and ...
  A: That said, I can only guess about the type and nationality. There just isn't much to go on, other ...
post civil war2/1/2012
  Q: i have a picture of my ancestor.he is wearing a U.S military uniform,but i don't what era it is from ...
  A: Could very well be--or the Philippine War (1898-1902) or actions the U.S. took in Haiti, Nicaragua ...
World War II1/27/2012
  Q: How was America effected economically during the war? Was America impacted demographically? How did ...
  A: The answers to the first four questions are extremely complex. There is not enough space here even ...
daughter of a veitnam vetran1/27/2012
  Q: My father died 5 years ago and in his will it stated that he had 4 children. There are only 3 of us ...
  A: I would suggest that you contact one of the Amerasian groups in this country that work to unite ...
Tanks during and between World War One and Two1/23/2012
  Q: I have a question regarding the revolution, reaction, and reform the innovation and introduction the ...
  A: Here are the sources I'd suggest: Tank Versus Tank by Kenneth Macksey (1991), a good introduction ...
War of 1812 uniforms1/22/2012
  Q: Mr. Leepson, Ripley's Brigade at the Battle of Lundy's Lane 25 July 1814 featured four (4) of his ...
  A: I don't have any specialized knowledge about uniform insignia in wars other than the Vietnam War. ...
WWI1/21/2012
  Q: A friend is endeavoring to document the life and work of an artist whom we both knew many years ago. ...
  A: I have looked in several reference books and on line and could not find anything on Company B. I ...
Texas Confederate Uniforms1/18/2012
  Q: I have read research that shows that, until 1865, the Confederate armies were fairly well-equipped ...
  A: I am not an expert on this subject. However, I believe that John Coski, the historian at the ...
Vietnam draft1/9/2012
  Q: Was being married and having a child a legal deference from the draft during the Vietnam time? I ...
  A: Yes, being married and having children helped get you out of the draft. Although married men and ...
Normandy invasion1/3/2012
  Q: Leepson, You can offer one or two quintessential books on the D-Day invasion? It seems there are so ...
  A: If I had to chose just two, I would recommend John Keegan's Six Armies in Normandy: From D-Day to ...
Military Pins12/30/2011
  Q: I was wondering if you could identify these pins for me. I moved into a home and these were left by ...
  A: The "U.S." pin is the insignia that Army officers and enlisted personnel wear on their right collar ...
pacific war ww212/29/2011
  Q: I am trying to still grasp the events of that time and theatre of war...it seemed too script written ...
  A: All very good points, and I would need a chapter in a book to begin to address them. I believe that ...
Special Forces Service in Vietnam12/9/2011
  Q: My husband was in the Special Forces and says he was in Vietnam from 4/66 to 3/67. He gives details ...
  A: Two options: get a copy of your husband's 201 File (which would contain all of his orders & should ...
Military Uniform ID11/23/2011
  Q: Can you tell me what war this uniform was from, what branch of the military and if the other photos ...
  A: This is my answer that I thought I sent: I'm almost certain they are not dress uniforms. And they ...
6 men in military uniform11/19/2011
  Q: This photo is I assume of the same man in the formal military photograph along with his companions. ...
  A: I'm almost certain they are not dress uniforms. And they appear to be Army unis. But I'm not an ...
John Ericcson in U.S. Military History10/29/2011
  Q: Who is John Ericsson in the context of U.S. Military History, and what significant roles did he ...
  A: Ericcson was a Swedish-born engineer and inventor. In this country he designed the USS Princeton in ...
casualties in battle of the bulge10/15/2011
  Q: Most publications put deaths at approximately 19,000. The Green Book, published by the Office of ...
  A: The source I would recommend is The Oxford Companion to American Military History. The entry on the ...
Uniform question10/8/2011
  Q: Can you identify the uniform in the photo? It was sent to me by a cousin whose 92 year old mother ...
  A: Robin, I am really not expert at identifying uniforms--other than in the Vietnam War. May I suggest ...
Civil War9/21/2011
  Q: I am sending you a photo of my Great grandfather in his uniform. The problem I am having is what ...
  A: My first thought is that he could have served in both the Army and Navy. That wasn't unheard of. I ...
WWII German Tanks9/4/2011
  Q: Leepson, I am doing some research on WWII tanks, specifically the Panther and Tiger tanks and their ...
  A: Here are some reference and history books I'd recommend: Murdock: Here's a quick list of books ...
WWI8/29/2011
  Q: I asked a question earlier about WWI. This is just a continuation of that question. I couldn't ...
  A: No, I couldn't find anything about tank casualties. Sorry. For individual battles, you would have ...
WWI8/26/2011
  Q: I have been researching World War I, specifically the affect the tank has had on the war after it ...
  A: Here's hoping I come up with something! I have a few thoughts about where to look... Now that I'm ...
books8/23/2011
  Q: can you recommned any good books on the history of the us military
  A: That's an extremely broad subject. There are good histories of each of the services and good ...
uniform id8/20/2011
  Q: I need help identifying this us military uniform. the photo is either my great grandfather ...
  A: If I had to guess (and it is a guess), I'd say your great grandfather, because this appears to be ...
Green Berets in 1967-688/19/2011
  Q: I recently saw a story about a guy who entered the Army in 1967. He attended Basic Training and ...
  A: This was not only possible, it happened all the time. And I've known and read about others who had ...
First Print of The Official Record of the War Books8/5/2011
  Q: I have the FIRST PRINT of the "Official Record of the War of Rebellion" books. I am trying to find ...
  A: The standard Official Record (the "OR") wasn't published till late in the 19th century, so I am ...
How to find a WW2 Veteran7/29/2011
  Q: A friend of mine, Dave Carlstedt, was wounded by German sniper fire near Aachen during the Battle of ...
  A: That's a difficult one. The military only will allow spouses or heirs to check official records. ...
dog tag7/20/2011
  Q: He probably got it with some stuff at a garage sale or something. It's not a family name. I'm trying ...
  A: It doesn't sound like a typical military dog tag. And it's a puzzle why some info would be x'ed out. ...
post civil war7/20/2011
  Q: I have been researching my wife's g-g-grandfather who served during the first year of the civil ...
  A: I have a few ideas about this, but am checking with some folks who know about this aspect of the ...
65th ADA WWII pin7/15/2011
  Q: I have come across a collection of military pins and insignia, but I don't know what kind of pin ...
  A: I did a bit of research. The unit is 65TH AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY. And the animal is an ocelot. It ...
Spanish American War Hat?7/11/2011
  Q: I am hoping that you can help me to identify a hat that I have in my possession.I purchased this hat ...
  A: Sorry, but I have no expertise in this area. I would suggest, though, that you do an Internet ...
Bronze Star Award6/30/2011
  Q: Sir, My son recently discovered the attached medals thrown away by a dumpster in our area. We were ...
  A: I'm assuming you did a Google search on the man's name. That would be my first step. The military ...
7th Field Hospital6/10/2011
  Q: I am intested in knowing about this unit while it was stationed in France during WWII. I am also ...
  A: I couldn't find the info you are looking for in the reference books on my shelf. I can offer two ...
101st Airborne-Vietnam5/26/2011
  Q: Marc... I am a fellow 'expert' on this board, and served in the Army 1970-71. I am attempting to ...
  A: Al, My first thought is to check with the 101st Airborne Association. It's one of the better ...

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Marc Leepson

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Expertise

I can answer most questions dealing with all aspects of U.S. military history. My expertise is the Vietnam War. I also have written extensively about the U.S. Civil War, World War II, World War I, The Philippine War, and the American Revolution. My books include a concise biography of the Marquis de Lafayette, the history of the American Flag, and the post-Jefferson history of Monticello, and therefore know a great deal about those specific subjects. I specialize in writing about matters of strategy--not tactics. And I also am interested in personalities. I have very little knowledge about ordnance or the value of old military memorabilia. Nor do I know a lot about uniforms and insignia--except about the Vietnam War. To repeat: I have no expertise in assessing the value of ordnance or uniforms or any type of military equipment. And my knowledge about military uniforms is only limited to those of the Vietnam War era. If you have questions on these topics, I recommend contacting an antiques dealer in your area who specializes in military uniforms, ordnance, etc.

Experience

Author and journalist with more than 35 years' experience.

Organizations
Authors Guild BIO International

Publications
New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, USA Today, Baltimore Sun, Chicago Tribute, New York Newsday, the Arizona Republic, St. Petersburg Times, Detroit News. Magazines: Smithsonian, Preservation, The VVA Veteran, Vietnam, Civil War Times, America's Civil War, Military History, World War II. Editor: The Webster's New World Dictionary of the Vietnam War

Education/Credentials
BA, 1967, George Washington University, History MA, 1971, George Washington University, European History

Awards and Honors
Vietnam Veterans of America Excellence in the Arts Award, 2011

Past/Present Clients
Vietnam Veterans of America

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