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Military History/Questions Answered by Expert Paul Edward Zukowski

SubjectDate Asked
Exercise Fox March 19443/7/2017
  Q: Some details are available but the 'friendly fire' casualties is not clear. For example GIs ...
  A: I think referring to when German E-boats picked up on radio traffic and torpedoed ships during the ...
Muster list for 153rd Aleutian Islands2/24/2017
  Q: I am a Transition Assistance Advisor for the Arkansas Army National Guard. I have an SF-180 request ...
  A: I can't the only place that might be able to is The Center for Military History. Its a far from a ...
Query re Confederacy etc.11/23/2016
  Q: I am a fan of Science Fiction, and one of my interests therein is alternate history. The trouble is ...
  A: No its not far fetched at all. The CSA just need to lower moral in North enough so Lincoln lost 1864 ...
WW2 Military Police Battalion9/28/2016
  Q: My father-in-law served in the 722nd Military Police Battalion. We have information to track his ...
  A: Unfortunately I do not have more but here where can try. U.S. Army Military Police Corps Regimental ...
Uniform post ww29/10/2016
  Q: I am looking for any help here. Attached is a picture of a serviceman I believe was stationed in the ...
  A: The attachment photo only about 2 by 3 inches and I can not make out any detail. If can sent larger ...
WWI 51st Pioneers8/25/2016
  Q: My great uncle Albert Norman Belden trained at Wadsworth in SC as a baker/cook. He was from ...
  A: First you can request his service record. He is how ...
766th MP Battalion Durring WWII8/17/2016
  Q: I was looking for any information about my Grandfather William Carlton Hulsey and his MP battalion. ...
  A: I am not finding anything 766th MP BN. There are 766th Transportation, 766th Engineers, and 766th ...
WW I barbed wire8/13/2016
  Q: Whenever we read about WW I infantry battles we are told that barbed wire defences made attacks very ...
  A: The night before the attach they would slip out trenches and cut their own wire making lanes where ...
Value8/6/2016
  Q: Yes sir I was wondering if you could tell me ballpark estimate on my c.g. HAENEL SUHL sawbak bayonet ...
  A: These are highly collectable unfortunately I deal in militaria so I can't exact value. The range $50 ...
FOOD WWII7/14/2016
  Q: MY DAD WAS IN A AAA UNIT, HE WAS IN N AFRICA, SICILY, SALERNO AND ANZIO. MY QUESTION IS WHEN WOULD ...
  A: So when in combat or rapidly moving they would C or K-Rations. The K is for "Kommando" and used ...
6 pounder ww1?5/17/2016
  Q: I was lucky enough to come across this little beauty at a garage collecting dust. It's markings ...
  A: It appear High Explosive shell for Hotchkiss gun. Value $75 to $125 ...
Identifying uniform5/1/2016
  Q: I have come across an old print with a boy in military uniform playing a pipe instrument with a drum ...
  A: It could be Austrian or Russian. The head gear looks like 1770s British but I can't see the face of ...
Wanting Know more about the U.S role in WW2 and when they joined the war.4/29/2016
  Q: Prior to being attacked by Japan in 1941 was the U.S considered to be apart of WW2? After Pearl ...
  A: 1) No the US was not part of WWII prior declaring war. The UK was really trying to get the USA ...
Identifying WW2 Unit1/4/2015
  Q: My father served in WWII in the U.S.Army mustering out as a Tech 4 from the Separation Detachment, ...
  A: There nothing I grab on to. Here what I suggest.Get in touch with Transportation Corp Museum. They ...
South Pacific Base Command Drawing12/22/2013
  Q: My dad severed as a company clerck with the CO A 1395th Engr Const BN during world war two. Dad send ...
  A: Because of the island hopping just the year to match it up. The only place I could find an HQ for ...
WWII12/15/2013
  Q: Good Day Paul Edward Zukowski, My name is Garrett Robinson. I am a student at Ottawa Hills High ...
  A: Here are some books that can help you. American Women And World War II (History of Women in ...
WWI uniform and12/7/2013
  Q: Attached is an image of my grandfather John Ziavras (born 1894 in Greece)wearing a WWI uniform. I ...
  A: The picture did come through. I can not make out any detail on it. First place see if service ...
Segregation in the Military12/4/2013
  Q: I am doing a national history day project on Executive Order 8802 and I was wondering, how did this ...
  A: The order required federal agencies and departments involved with defense production to ensure that ...
Navajo Code Talkers in WWII11/21/2013
  Q: I am an 8th grader doing a National History Day Project about the Navajo Code Talkers in WWII. I was ...
  A: This is an ironic question. I was 8 rows away from 6 of the living original 29 Navajo Code Talkers ...
Civil War ? Drummer boy?10/4/2013
  Q: I have 2 items I needed your help on that are pictured. First is a bayonet which a friend found in ...
  A: The bayonet looks to be from that era. There should be markers marks on it. Bayonets looked that ...
Civil War sword?9/7/2013
  Q: I have come across a sword that I cannot find any markings on. The sword is about 29.5 inches long ...
  A: This is something you going need to have looked at in person. US Saber would have marking on it. ...
Co F 51 Pioneer Infantry AEF WWI6/28/2013
  Q: First off Paul, many thanks for the information you provided me in my previous search. I checked ...
  A: Pioneer Infantry unit were names used during the expansion of military for WWI. These are National ...
Co F 51st Pioneer Infantry AEF Campaigns6/26/2013
  Q: Do you have records indicating all of the campaigns Co F took part in in WWI? Somewhere I found St ...
  A: I do not have anything in house for that, this where you can find what is available. Here a link to ...
Korean War6/10/2013
  Q: I am currently researching the involvement of K Company, US Army's 38th Infantry Regiment, 2nd ...
  A: I am sorry I do not have anything down to that level. Who may be able to help is United States Army ...
My great uncle's WWI service5/10/2013
  Q: My great uncle, Henry Kelm, was born in Germany in 1891. He died in Wisconsin in 1971. His ...
  A: He was a private first class company A of the 5th field signal battalion. ...
First to complete 25 missions4/28/2013
  Q: How is it that the B-17s Memphis Belle and Hell's Angeles are given credit for being the first two ...
  A: The Memphis Belle is credited because the crew was intact after 25 missions and returned to United ...
Cannon Ball4/22/2013
  Q: Did we find a Cannon Ball? My Husband and I were digging on our property.(Planting shrubs) We found ...
  A: Here a link where you can look at types cannon balls. www.civilwarartillery.com 20 pounds makes it ...
Deaths at Battle of the Bulge4/10/2013
  Q: I recounted for my students today the Battle of the Bulge and its significance. I also gave them ...
  A: About 1300 died for reasons other than combat. That can be disease, natural deaths, accidents, ...
Documents on 729th3/25/2013
  Q: My grandfather was, I believe, a part of what you are talking about 729th and fought in The Battle ...
  A: Step one would be request his service record. Here how you can get it. ...
uss sabalo12/5/2012
  Q: I have and can proove that I have the working kahki unniform..complete with trousuers and bill cap ...
  A: The uniform indicate a person who Navy for a long time. USS Sabalo saw only limited service at the ...
WWII Uncle11/18/2012
  Q: Zukowski, I am trying to research my Uncle Dee L. Dyas in WWII. Do you have any advice on how I ...
  A: He likely was in Sicily as well. First can request his service record from the National Archives. ...
Photo of the 813 pioneer african americans of ww111/13/2012
  Q: I have a photo 813 pioneer at camp Grant. I understand there were more than one camp grant. I would ...
  A: If its fragile I would bring it to a very high end photo shop and a couple copies made so it can be ...
Granfather in 51st Pioneer WW17/24/2012
  Q: I am researching where my granfather served in France in ww1. His regiment I believe was 51st ...
  A: 1917 OCT 29 Camp Wadsworth Personnel assigned to other Regiments 1918 JAN 4 10th redesignated ...
WWI pilots who survived against the Red Baron7/2/2012
  Q: I'm trying to help my husband find out who his birthmother is and one piece of information she wrote ...
  A: This will not be easy. WWI groups of planes flew against groups of planes. Hundreds of people of ...
patch id help6/18/2012
  Q: I turn do you ( again) for some mild assistance. I took a close up of the patch, some have called it ...
  A: On patch one It can't tell because the picture is too small for detail to seen. It looks like this ...
WWI Headstone Information6/17/2012
  Q: I'm trying to find out more information about my great grandfather's service in WWI. The only ...
  A: 526th was there only there 5 months. That unit was there from Nov 12, 1918 to April 15th 1919. It ...
children heroics - war5/17/2012
  Q: For my class of 5-13yrs old, could you share with me any stories of children that served in any army ...
  A: First sorry for the slow reply. I quit smoking and I was bit out of sorts. For ages 13 and under ...
729th Railway Operating Bn5/15/2012
  Q: Found some interesting docs abandoned by a member of the 729th that deployed with them in 1944. Is ...
  A: There a website that collects data on that unit. You might want to send copies of the originals to ...
106th division 423rd infantry5/5/2012
  Q: I would like to know any information regarding my grandfather's service in the army during WWII. I ...
  A: I do not have any detailed info on your grandfather. There webs would be interested in what you ...
coporl training recruits3/28/2012
  Q: My Dad was a coporl training recruits before WWII he later drove a truck with a AA crew. Did he have ...
  A: First i would request his service records from the National Archives. That would details in his ...
Spanish American War2/21/2012
  Q: My great grandfather was in the 5th Calvary in the Spanish American war. Recently I found a button ...
  A: Bucky was in the first US Vol. Cav. and a famous man; as was Ben Slaughter. The event is in here ...
WW2 Pistol Identification2/1/2012
  Q: Im trying to find out more about a gun that is believed to be from WW2, although after searching ...
  A: I am not sure exactly what it is but it looks pre dates the year 1900. Its does not look to be ...
729 railway operating battalion1/17/2012
  Q: My grandfather is turning 90 in February and as a gift I would like to give him a wooden plaque with ...
  A: here a brief unit history http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/1205trans.htm ...
Grandfather Military10/5/2011
  Q: I have been trying too gather info on my grandfather for some time now.It seems I may have found ...
  A: Ind 7/25/18 pvt, Inducted on that date 154 Dep Brig; 154 Depot Brigade At Fort Meade MD Moved ...
u.s.remington 19039/22/2011
  Q: I have a U.S. Remington model 1903. S/N 3301125.It has a flip up rear site and a pronounced hump ...
  A: You have 1903 Springfield rifle made by Remington receiver was made in Dec of 1941. The Barrel was ...
1903 springfield8/31/2011
  Q: it has a rockisland reciever 296838 and a s/a barrel dated 5-42.also have you ever heard the term ...
  A: You can look up the serial number for date the receiver here. http://m1903.com/ The barrel was ...
WW16/6/2011
  Q: My grandfather, Erhick D. Howland, served in WW1. He was at Camp Devins, MA from April, 1918 to ...
  A: Your grandfather maybe in this picture. ...
30 cal carbine5/20/2011
  Q: My father was an Army officer serving in Italy during WW11. He acquired a chrome 30 cal carbine ...
  A: First is manufacturer's name on it? Here are war time makers marking. ...
Dads tavels to Ireland5/12/2011
  Q: My Dad was in the 1850th service command unit out of Ft Chaffee. attached thru the war to the 106th ...
  A: I have nothing on Greenland, I would try Center for Military History or look for Historical Society ...
Pearl Harbor Question4/16/2011
  Q: Q: Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor? Were there any warning signs they received/ how were ...
  A: 1. Why did the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor? The USA was refusing to sell oil steel and other natural ...
WWI Aero Squadron Question4/11/2011
  Q: Good Morning, I recently discovered that my great grandfather was a part of the 615th Aero ...
  A: Morning, There one reference here. ...
casualties in battle of bulge4/9/2011
  Q: Many sources relate that the US Army sustained about 19,000 deaths during the battle of the Bulge, ...
  A: He using only combat deaths and not including accidents and disease. Disease killed a lot because ...
WW II info4/5/2011
  Q: My late father was in Co D, HQ 93rd Sig BN (SEP) and on his DD 214 it shows he was in the following ...
  A: Here unit history. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/93sig.htm ...
WW1 Tranportation corp.3/27/2011
  Q: My great great Uncle John lived in North East Pennsylvania and enlisted in the U.S. Army on August ...
  A: I do not have anything on that unit. Here is were they would know if a unit history was written. ...
civil war3/2/2011
  Q: I have been doing research on my wife's g-g-grandfather who fought for the first year of the civil ...
  A: Get the West Point Atlas vol. You will be follow where he traveled with Gen Hooker. Once at War ...
Uniform Identification2/17/2011
  Q: I found this photo in "grandma's attic" and was wondering if you could help me identify the uniform. ...
  A: It looks like Jr Officers Shell Jacket from the Civil War era. It could also much later in to the ...
Units -- Father and Grandfather2/16/2011
  Q: I found my Dad's and Grandads' discharge certificates from WWII and WWI respectively. My father was ...
  A: Camp Wheeler a place for basic train and it was POW camp. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qCOCbIFO0DQ ...
WW1 Pioneer Infantry2/3/2011
  Q: My gr granduncle belonged to Co. E Pioneer Infantry. Trained at Camp Wadsworth. But anything I have ...
  A: Here the order of battle http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/U.S._Army_Order_of_Battle Trained at Camp ...
Springfield Armory 19031/28/2011
  Q: I have a Springfoeld Armory Model 1903 with the SN 4934 and was wondering what you may be able to ...
  A: That is very early one. Its highly collectable. If its unmodified and good shape its worth some ...
4th Pioneer Infantry1/5/2011
  Q: I am looking for info on the 4th Pioneer Infantry Regiment from WWI. I'm pretty sure my Great ...
  A: Formerly was the Formerly 6th Massachusetts Infantry. There not much detail, the unit was Feb 1918 ...
Combat History of 309th Infantry Regiment 78th Division11/29/2010
  Q: My father served in Company L 309th Infantry Regiment 78th Division in the ETO between March 1945 ...
  A: Here are some links to get you started http://www.78thdivision.org/ ...
military uniform11/22/2010
  Q: My grandfather served in the USAF during WWII and he recently received the last of his ribbons and ...
  A: He would have been in US Army Air Forces. The US Air Force was started in 1947. If an officer it ...
cannon ball origin11/17/2010
  Q: I recently purchased what I believe to be a very old cannon ball from an estate auction. It appears ...
  A: Its from 6 pound gun. http://www.flickr.com/photos/cleerose/4007800370/ ...
402 division of the 101st at Normandy11/3/2010
  Q: SO MY DADS DISCHARGE PAPER STIPULATE HE WAS IN THE 401ST AT NORMANDY Ardennes etc. As a glider ...
  A: He was there but unlikily he was during beginning of action at Normandy on beaches. 101 were not on ...
XV Corps10/31/2010
  Q: What was the role of XV Corps in World War Two in Germany in 1945 , especially in liberating ...
  A: Here an overview http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XV_Corps_%28United_States%29 Parts of XV Corp did ...
photo9/2/2010
  Q: Can you help me ID this old family photo. It was taken by NJ Vivian in Menominee County. Iron County ...
  A: Its sized reduce as attachment but clicked its almost full size. I still can't see the small details ...
Tec5 H&S Co 390 Engineers6/10/2010
  Q: I have read your really helpful answer to Wanda's query and have followed the links you suggest with ...
  A: tec 5 is his rank. Technician 5th class; its same Corporal except he had some specific skill. H & S ...
Civil War drummer boys6/3/2010
  Q: My great-grandfather, Michael Cassidy, was supposed to have run away to become a drummer boy in the ...
  A: Most drummer boys were 13 to 15 years. At least one was as young as 9. Its not likely he would have ...
Grandfather Military service5/23/2010
  Q: I have been trying too gather info on my grandfather for some time now.It seems I may have found ...
  A: Ind 5/29/18 pvt; wag 3/1/19, 154 Dep Brig; He was assigned at wagoneer depot brigade. Hq Tr ...
POW camps5/10/2010
  Q: I have been trying to find information about Niederzwehren POW camp which became Niederzwehren ...
  A: Yes its location is Kassel, Hessen, Germany. It seems like mostly UK Commonwealth troops were held ...
grenade and anti tank ?5/5/2010
  Q: I bought two items off an auction site a few years ago and i had all of the info on them saved on a ...
  A: The shell I can't ID as I do not have diameter of the bullet. It appears to be made on Canada. I ...
Gatling Gun2/24/2010
  Q: my name is Boddie and I am doing my National History Day Project on the Gatling Gun and I was ...
  A: Here a history of the gun. >1. What was the purpose of the creation of the Gatling Gun? To reduce ...
1903 Springfield2/20/2010
  Q: I have a springfield rifle with a serial number 196080. It has SA 05 stamped on the barrel. On the ...
  A: It was made where the reciever was marked as being made. Its serial number indicated it was made in ...
Omaha Beach2/16/2010
  Q: were there really large concrete bunkers firing down on Omaha Beach just like in the movie Saving ...
  A: I don't play video games and have not seen that movie in years. If go to the provided link click on ...
military picture info1/21/2010
  Q: I have a large panarama photo of military men standing to take a picture. It says CO.A 8th armored ...
  A: Here a few places you try http://www.armyhistory.org/ http://www.generalpatton.org/index.asp ...
1943 USO Tour1/20/2010
  Q: Zukowski I have a $10.00 piece of italian lira with the autographs of Lefty Gomez, Fred Corcoran ...
  A: I would contact the USO. To have value appraised you need a letter with date of the show from the ...
american civil war1/15/2010
  Q: How did the American Civil War change military(tactics, weapons, and training)
  A: Yes dramatically changed things. Repeating Arms, Gatling Guns, Balloons, telegraph, trench warfare, ...
Revolutionary War1/14/2010
  Q: Was The Battle of Bennington John Starks most important battle in the Revolution?
  A: I really is a matter of opinion. He took part in these battles. Battle of Bemis Heights Battle of ...
1873 Springfield Trapdoor SN228671/12/2010
  Q: I was steered in your direction in order to find out some details and possible potential value of ...
  A: (P) is a proof mark. It was tested for safety. The others are inspector or part numbers. I don't ...
Springfield Armory Model 1903 Bolt Action12/18/2009
  Q: To Whom it my concern: I own a U.S. Springfield Armory Model 1903 Serial number 1151766 Caliber ...
  A: It was made in late 1918. Inscriptrion on side was not done the Armory or the military. The rear ...
41st balloon company11/9/2009
  Q: I found a watch that belonged to my great uncle. The inscription on the back says Lt. John R. Hall ...
  A: You can request his service record http://www.archives.gov/veterans/ The unit is now 41st ...
Cannonball?10/26/2009
  Q: I live in the Mandarin area of Jacksonville, FL, near Julington Creek, which connects to the St ...
  A: It does look like a ball fired from light artillery from the civil war era. I would contact the ...
mp10/26/2009
  Q: my dad is listed as serving in the 1336 sv unit of military police but I can find nothing of this ...
  A: I sent your question to the question pool as I have no info for you. Maybe someone else can help. ...
322nd Infantry in WW19/8/2009
  Q: We planned a trip to France for October and now I am interested in visiting sites my Grandfather did ...
  A: That was part of the 1st Army http://www.first.army.mil/history.htm ...
Remington 1903A3 peep sight9/6/2009
  Q: I have a late production of this rifle in excellent condition. I took it out to the range for the ...
  A: No this is not common. If its the shooter usually they are all over the paper. I would have another ...
fathers military service8/18/2009
  Q: my father served during ww2 i am very interested to learn what he did and where he went where can i ...
  A: Start by requesting his service record from the National Archives. ...
Company B, 21st Machine Gun Batallion World War One8/18/2009
  Q: My Grandfather served under this when he was sent to France. Found lots of his letters to home and ...
  A: The 21st Machine Gun Battalion, was part of the 14th Infantry Brigade, which was part of the 7th ...
WW 16/12/2009
  Q: I have been left a book on the 328th infantry, 82nd Division AEF, owned by my grandfather. On ...
  A: I first call the curator of the 82nd at fort Bragg. They may little as the orginal 82nd was only ...
Co. F 358th Inf. WW16/8/2009
  Q: I have recently learned my great Uncle and 4 of his comrades are on a WW1 memorial plaque in their ...
  A: It was part of the 90th Infantry Division which was part of the 4th Army Corp. ...
W.W.I5/25/2009
  Q: Supposedly, ammunition for the Winchester Rifles of the 347th was delayed during a battle in France ...
  A: Well first the rifles were either US Rifle Cal .30 M1903 Springfield or US Rifle Cal .30 M1917 ...
officers and privates5/13/2009
  Q: I am an English woman trying to write a story about an American solider who was on Omaha Beach. I ...
  A: So he would be an engineer as well as manager. A college grad with managment position would likily ...
World War One5/12/2009
  Q: What was the overall American impact on Wold War I and the peacemaking process which ended it?
  A: It started with Wilsons 14 points monthes before the armistice. ...
civil war army training5/11/2009
  Q: How long did an average soldier have to go through training? (around the year 1863)
  A: There was no basic traing as we know it today. Each unit did its own training. The unit commander ...
bayonet4/1/2009
  Q: I am interested to learn the vintage and origin of this bayonet. Blade is too rusted to see any ...
  A: Unless there something I am missing I don't see how this would connect it to a rifle. There should ...
POW's3/24/2009
  Q: I know the Korean War happened just five years after WWII ended. I'm curious were there any ...
  A: Much of the Korean war was early on faught mostly by WWII vets. Enlistments are all 8 years long. ...
Military Tactics3/23/2009
  Q: I am writing a paper on the effects of the U.S. being the World leader in civilian gun ownership. ...
  A: Yes, there is. Documents reveal that Impirial Japan, Nazi Germany, and USSR all considered and ...
WW1 Tactics Influencing Australia3/15/2009
  Q: How did tactics and strategies in WW1 influence Australia?
  A: The descion to attempt to remove Turkey from the war certainly did. ...
Location of friends grandfather3/15/2009
  Q: hoping you can help. I have a friend visiting me from the staes who would like to visit where her ...
  A: You would need to know a unit name in order to see where is was stationed. You can have here request ...
MIlitary History3/12/2009
  Q: What are those hidden messages contained in the arrangement of the horseĺs limbs in many military ...
  A: Basicly they served in the military were not killed or wounded in battle. (sometimes including dead ...
ww2 units3/2/2009
  Q: Good Afternoon Sir, My father and grandfather recently passed away, both WW II veterans. My ...
  A: For the Panama Canal Zone Here is a history ...
WWII Patch3/1/2009
  Q: I have a patch my dad had in WWII. It is a circle with dark blue background. In the field it has a 7 ...
  A: Your welcome There no unit history on line I can find. Units that did not go overseas or non combat ...
WW1, 169th Aerosquadron2/7/2009
  Q: My father was in the 169th Aerosquadron (as a bombadier at some stage)during WWI. They were ...
  A: First we do not have contact with others who volunteer to answer questions. I can't pass a message ...
springfield 19031/12/2009
  Q: I have a U.S. springfield 1903 serial number 1237XXX, I am looking for information as far as year ...
  A: Here a site with everything you will need. http://m1903.com/ It was made in early 1921 assuming it ...
491st Military Police Escort Guard Company1/6/2009
  Q: Any information on the 491st Military Police Escort Guard Company located at Fort Custer, Michigan ...
  A: There doesn't appear to be unit history online. I would contact Center for Military History. ...
WWI Balloon Corp1/5/2009
  Q: I need to know if there is a place I can go to find records and/or photos of the Balloon Corps. ...
  A: There is a book in print on this. ...
Korean War12/15/2008
  Q: Was the U.S occupying South Korea at the time of the Korean War? If they were, how did Canada's ...
  A: No it wasn't when the War broke out. It had been under a UN ordered division untill 1948. South ...
remington model 1903 question9/8/2008
  Q: i had a remington model 1903 giving to me and i was wondering if you could tell me if it had the ...
  A: Yours was made in late 1941. Only very early Rock Island, Springfiels Armory made rifles had an ...
M1852 sword9/1/2008
  Q: I recently acquired a M1852 USN style sword, double edged. Near the hilt it has the maker's marks: ...
  A: You would need to contact a dealer Militaria. Here are a few. ...
us history6/3/2008
  Q: we are doing an oral press. on us history, i was woundering if you may have some info on the ...
  A: Weapons http://www.worldwar1.com/armory.htm http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/index.htm ...
Jacket bought at thrift store...5/27/2008
  Q: I bought this jacket a long time ago at a thrift store. I can send pictures if you want. According ...
  A: There no way to send a photo through Allexperts. I would do following. Take a picture and send it ...
WW 14/23/2008
  Q: I'm part of an internationl team now researching the life story of one of Americas & Irelands ...
  A: I take it you called Indian Plant in Springfield? 413-737-2624 Thier historian about the best you ...
Research Paper on WWII4/17/2008
  Q: Which would be a better topic for a research paper? Hitler's Life, The Role of the US, or The ...
  A: All 3 are good topics. Hitlers Life or Americas role would be the a lot easier to reasearch. There ...
I would like to know about my M1903 Mark I4/4/2008
  Q: I have a Springfield Armory model 1903 Mark I serial number 1108692. I got this from my grandfather. ...
  A: If its a Mark I it could except the Peterson Device. ...
history of weapons4/1/2008
  Q: I need help finding information on weapons used since WW1 to date. I need info on the major types of ...
  A: Here a directory of the major conflicts & weapons systems. Its a starting point. ...
.45 ACP3/20/2008
  Q: Knock down power of .45 ACP. I have heard from soldiers of WWII, Korea and VN remark that the .45 ...
  A: Its true; the big heavy slow moving slug, can knock someone off their feet. Its the way slug it ...
WW2 U.S. Technology2/20/2008
  Q: I was wondering if you could help me out with the Technology that the United States used in World ...
  A: These website has a nice overview of WWII era ships ...
dog tags11/10/2007
  Q: My father's dog tags were issued in October, 1941. We only have half of one of them. I am trying ...
  A: Here a an overview http://home.att.net/~steinert/us_army_ww2_dog_tags.htm Here a couple of places ...
USA and ww111/7/2007
  Q: could you pls help me in regards to examining the impact the entry of the US had on the first world ...
  A: Here are some links to get you stated. http://www.worldwar1.com/ ...
lusitania11/5/2007
  Q: I want to know the diagrams of the ship and the sinking. thank you.
  A: Here is a history of the ship and the sinking. Unfortunately I do not have online diagram. There ...
m-1 Garand10/9/2007
  Q: I just picked up a beautiful M-1 Garand SN#3405xxx. How can I tell if it was used in any major WWII ...
  A: You can try making a request at Springfield Research service. http://usmartialarmscollector.com/home ...
1903 springfield9/29/2007
  Q: i have a 1903 springfield #111975 loos like it sporterized in the 60 s i would like to re barrel ...
  A: It should be checked by a gunsmith. Its a fairly early one. It has the improved heat treating but is ...
Remington 19039/5/2007
  Q: I was given a Remington model 1903, serial number 3164XXX, that appears original. The barrel is ...
  A: The early M1903 had high carbon steel and were brittle. Yours is not one of those. You should have ...
springfield 03-a39/4/2007
  Q: i just inherited a rifle marked US/Remington/model 03-a3/4125810. what can you tell me about it? ...
  A: The 03a3 was a simplified version of the M1903 Stringfield Rifle. They were made to suppliment the ...
1903 Springfield rifle8/29/2007
  Q: I have recently acquired a 1903 Springfield rifle. It's serial number is 196,080. It has the ...
  A: You have a very early M1903. http://home.att.net/%7Evishooter/m1903.html Likily 1905 ot 1906. If ...
Rank & Company Information8/29/2007
  Q: My grandfather was a veteran of WWII. His re-constructed records shows rank as Technician Fifth ...
  A: Mtr. Sup. = Motor support. He repaired and maintained the ambulances. Tec 5 is a corperal with ...
309th infantry Rgt8/24/2007
  Q: Was the 309th involved in combat in Germany, and was it present at the capture of the Remagen ...
  A: Yes it did fight in Germany. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U.S._78th_Infantry_Division No it was 9th ...
Springfield Armory Model 1903 Target Rifle8/23/2007
  Q: My father passed on his Springfield 1903 30-06 target model and I am interested in any general ...
  A: You have a US Rifle M1903-a1. You can look up serial number for its date of manufacture. ...
1903 Springfield, 98 Mauser7/9/2007
  Q: I was wondering if you might be able to shed some light on a couple of rifles that have been in my ...
  A: You can look up your 1903 by date here. http://www.nps.gov/spar/ 98K here ...
WWII vetern6/29/2007
  Q: Both my paternal grandparents were involved in the second world war. My grandpa was involved in a ...
  A: You correct about your grandma rank. She would have been a W.A.C. Here is a link ...
Schliffen Plan-Why did Germany need it?6/8/2007
  Q: I wanted to know in detail the problems Germany had to face for them to devise the Schlieffen Plan. ...
  A: It was in order to knock out the Western Threat so that the Russians could be delt with. The larger ...
african american pioneer units in WW I5/17/2007
  Q: Researching african american pioneer units. How many in WW I and what theater did they serve.
  A: I forgot one link. http://www.gwpda.org/wwi-www/Scott/ScottTC.htm Hi Robert, First I am sorry for ...
Marine Combat Weapon WWII4/2/2007
  Q: Sir; Im doing research on my Uncle who survived the Bataan Death march and 3 years as a POW building ...
  A: No they would not have had either M1903-A3 or M1 Garand. 03A3 did not go into production untill ...
us dog tags3/20/2007
  Q: I found a pair of dog tags when they replaced my heater! I'm trying to find out what year that they ...
  A: You can try writing the national Archives. Enclose a photo with the request. But the privacy act may ...
military rank and info3/19/2007
  Q: My father was a WWII veteran. I am interested in finding out more about his service. His tombstone ...
  A: I assuming this was the US Army by the marking. Your dad rank was a Tec-5. That basically a Corporal ...
WWI Question2/4/2007
  Q: I am really curious about the planes of World War I. I know that the Wright brothers invented the ...
  A: Basically the Wright Bros figureded out the way to get left. Once invented, or discovered if you ...
War on Iraq1/26/2007
  Q: Why are we in a war with Iraq? Did President Bush choose to go? If so, why in the beginning he ...
  A: I forgot one thing. The President can not go to war on his own. The US Congress granted ...
1903 Springfield rifle11/26/2006
  Q: I was given a 1903 Springfield rifle by my uncle. It has been handed down since my Great Uncle used ...
  A: You have M1903 Springfield Rifle made in 1904. It was likily orginally chambered for 30-03 round. ...
WW211/20/2006
  Q: In the Battle of Hurtgen Forest in WW2: What Troops were involved in the battle (and what are ...
  A: These links will give you the detail you need. The major Dams were Urft Dam and Schwammenauel Dam. ...
ww2 nazi flag9/16/2006
  Q: I have a nazi flag which was recovered by my father, Pasquale P. Celenza, in Cologne Germany after ...
  A: I do not collect or deal in Militaria. So I can't set a value on it. Here are some places that do. ...
Detailed question on significance of campaign ribbons9/5/2006
  Q: Hi Jim, I have my uncle's separation papers which state that his primary job was demolition in WWII. ...
  A: He was in 2 campains somewhere in areas covered by the EAME Ribbon. (European, African, Middle ...
Civil War9/1/2006
  Q: 1) Was it President Lincoln, US Congress or both who were determined to fight the South during the ...
  A: >1) Was it President Lincoln, US Congress or both who were determined to fight the South during the ...
Gravestone writings.6/21/2006
  Q: On my Father's gravestone it reads, "pfc 1957 ord dep co avn". I was trying to find out any info I ...
  A: PFC is Private First Class, his rank as an enlisted man. 1957 is the unit number ord dep is Ordnance ...
Co. H 803 Pioneer Infantry (colored troops)3/5/2006
  Q: I am searching for a list of the troops and info on missions etc. I have a picture of the 803 while ...
  A: Here is link to answer I gave previously. ...
world war 21/7/2006
  Q: was the decision to use the atomic bomb on Japan during World war 2 justified? Thanks
  A: At the time it was not even a questioned. Lets put it this way, the Army ordered 1/2 a million ...
13B10/27/2005
  Q: i was wondering if you know of a site that has the history of field artillary. not the history of a ...
  A: Here is the Fort Sill page http://sill-www.army.mil/ USFAA http://www.usfaa.com/ Here is the Army ...
Military10/20/2005
  Q: Earlier, I asked if you could help me with a character I'm writing about who's in U.S. Army ...
  A: You asked: >>In what exact time frame is it set? >Answer: 1950s-60s Can you narrow it down ...
military ranking during Revolution8/1/2005
  Q: I am a dance historian researching social dance and drill during the American Revolution. Because ...
  A: The rank strucrure is basically the same now, but the Army highest rank held by G. Washington was Lt ...
Jefferson Davis before the Civil War7/8/2005
  Q: Can you tell me what Jefferson Davis did before becoming the president of the Confederacy and, if ...
  A: He was a Plantation owner and well known US Senator. He was not infavor of sussession he went ...
RE: Military Draft7/1/2005
  Q: I am a college freshman who is interested in how the military draft worked during the Vietnam War. ...
  A: No it was ages 18 to 26. There were numerous defferments untill the new The Military Selective ...
Missionary Ridge Battle6/23/2005
  Q: I have a two part question. On November 24, 1863 in Tennessee there was a battle. Someone in that ...
  A: That was the Battle of Missionary Ridgein which Arthur MacArthur Jr was awarded the Congressional ...
Civil War Hat Insignias5/12/2005
  Q: Why did the Union Army Infantry soldiers in the Civil War have a bugle as their hat insignia instead ...
  A: It came from a European use of the horn that was started by the British. Here is why; The Bugle ...
Cold war4/8/2005
  Q: This question is about the cold war. Before inter-continental missiles, US bombers with nuclear ...
  A: Not to the same extent the USA did. They had most of thier nuke forces in land based ICBMs. They ...
Military small arms around 19063/31/2005
  Q: I am doing some research on the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and was looking to see what weaponry ...
  A: Well Guard units get hand me downs. Its most likily they would have been armed with Trap Door ...
5 star generals3/30/2005
  Q: I would like to know the 5 star generals of the US military history.
  A: This link will explain the WWII era generals. ...
WW1 Justification2/15/2005
  Q: Hey i have to do a project in my History class on WW1. And im having trouble. Here are my questions ...
  A: This site will answer your questions http://www.worldwar1.com/tlwarorg.htm http://www.worldwar1.com/ ...
803 Pioneer Infantry1/17/2005
  Q: I am looking for information about the 803rd Pioneer Infantry that was dispatched to France during ...
  A: These links should answer your question http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/odyssey/educate/803rd.html ...
US hstory of involvement in conflicts and wars1/10/2005
  Q: My 11th grade US History class students are researching America's involvement in wars and conflicts ...
  A: these links will answer your question. http://www.history.navy.mil/wars/ ...
Military Strategy12/15/2004
  Q: Im writing a term paper on how the advancements of weaponry changed military strategy and tactics. ...
  A: You want look at the changes in weapons and thier effect on warefare. The major points are the ...
crockett12/8/2004
  Q: I have seen so many good movies about the alamo and its heroes but their have been diffent point of ...
  A: There were a handfull of Alamo survivers. Mostlty none combatants. They told the tale as Crockett ...
Phillippine Insurrection11/12/2004
  Q: I'm illustrating a poster for a military officers association and accuracy is essential. Would you ...
  A: It would be very unusal for an officer to be issued ANY rifle. Very few Krag Carbines were made and ...
Nuclear Weapon10/24/2004
  Q: Heloo Please tell me what parallels are there between the introduction of the gun and introduction ...
  A: In what sence?? Firearms had a long slow development and took many years (century) before it had any ...
Spitfire9/29/2004
  Q: Sorry about that. What I ment to say was: Was the Spitfire the best airplane used in the Battle of ...
  A: It was evenly matched with the ME-109 used by Germany. The Spitfire had a destinct advantage in that ...
paper wrapping of powder and bullets in percussion rifles in civil war us9/6/2004
  Q: my question : im trying to find information on the wrapping of gunpowder and the bullets ...
  A: The paper was nothing special any reasonably thick paper was used. It contained 1 500 grain .577 ...
Suez5/15/2004
  Q: I would simply like to know what America's position was in the 1956 Suez Crisis? What were its ...
  A: Its actually not a simple question. These links will answer your question in detail ...
German American espionage?5/10/2004
  Q: As an expert on history, you probably are aware that in 1942 the Japanese-American community on the ...
  A: give resources for further reading. http://www.newsday.com/extras/lihistory/7/hs729a.htm ...
101st3/24/2004
  Q: On D-day, when the 101st screaming eagles had landed on normandy, about how many planes had to drop ...
  A: I do not know how many aircraft were used. 101st and the 82nd were the unit that jumped in along ...
what is the meaning of the colors ceremony?3/14/2004
  Q: I am researching the meaning of colors. That is for the raising and lowering of the flag and any ...
  A: http://www.usflag.org/toc.html http://directory.google.com/Top/Reference/Flags/Vexillology/?tc=1 ...
Russian Carriers2/25/2004
  Q: By any chance do you know if the USSR had any aircraft carriers during World War II? Also, do you ...
  A: Here is a link http://www.slavweb.com/eng/Russia/defense-e.html I am unaware of any WWII carriers ...
American Civil War question2/22/2004
  Q: My name is Ben and in school, I am studying the American Civil War. All students are required to do ...
  A: The Second Day Were flanking Manourvers by the South. www.nps.gov/gett/getttour/day2.htm ...

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Paul Edward Zukowski

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My interest is in the area US Military History. I have a special interest in US small arms. The Civil War, WWI and WWII are areas of special interest but I can handle questions on many areas of US military history.

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I spent 2 years in Army ROTC and have been a military history buff most of my life. Does spending too much time watching the History Channel Count : )? Here is some general background information as a means of full disclosure. (it appears on all my profiles)
Life Experience
A general biography my fit more here so I offer the following. (it appears on on all my profiles) After all who we are affects our opinions or even inadvertently effect of statements of fact. I hold a AS from Eastern Conn. State Univ. and a BA from Trinity College, Hartford Ct. Plus 11 other professional certifications. I have received 31 awards for various activities. My writings published in ?The Other Voice? and other publications. I have had my original music published, licensed and recorded by David Kaye. Iáhave been a guest on CyberRadio & TV and many other talk radio programs. I welcome interviews and I am willing to act as a technical advisor to various media. I am single and have resided in Hartford, Ct. since 1976. I have no children. I am a political conservative with libertarian leanings. I am a registered Republican. I am a Roman Catholic. I have worked in the following areas, entertainment, real estate, mortgage banking, and human services. I have owned 2 businesses. Some of my interests include politics, law, history, and current events.Hobbies I partake in include music, target shooting and cars (my Camaro rumbles) If you wish to find out more about me, feel free to visit my web page PEZmans World
You can find me in many other areas of Allexperts.com


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Current Events: U.S.
U.S. Politics
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics
Military Policy & Weapons
Military History
U.S. History
Psychology
Supreme Court Cases
Crime & Law Enforcement Issues & Death Penalty
Miscellaneous, Serial Murder, Rape, Arson and other sexually motivated crimes
2nd Amendment and Right to Bear Arms
Guns, Firearms, Projectile Weapon Sports
Conspiracies & Extremism
Careers: Music
Hartford, Ct.
Trinity College, Hartford, Ct.
Eastern Connecticut State University



Organizations belong to

Cleo of AX Alpha Chi (former Alpha Chi Chapter of DKE)
National Rifle Association
Connecticut State Rifle and Revolver Assoc.
Windsor Marksman Assoc.
The Republican Party
The Roman Catholic Church
History of Hartford Project



Publications and Media Appearances

?The Other Voice? published articles.
?The Frogbelly Local? published articles.
?Hey Little Lady? {song} published Americord Records
Talk Radio appearances include;
Mornings with Ushi, CyberRadio & TV, Broadcast in Los Angles CA. worldwide via the internet.
The Lynda Mercer Show on Power Talk WULF 94.3 FM Radcliffe, Kentucky
The Allen Price Show on WRVA Newsradio 1140 AM Richmond, VA
and many more.
Iáhave been a tech advisor to more than a dozen authors.



Education/Credentials

AS from Eastern Conn. State Univ.
BA from Trinity College
11 other professional certifications


Awards and Honors

I have received 31 awards and honors for various activities.

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